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n Health SA Gesondheid - Post-traumatic stress disorder and exposure to violence among Venda and Northern Sotho adolescents

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Abstract

In this study, two research questions were posed. In the first place, this study investigated the levels of exposure to violence among the adolescents as a total group (Venda- and Northern Sotho-speaking), as well as the exposure levels of the two ethnic groups. The relationship between the groups' exposure to violence and their post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was investigated in the second place, as well as the question whether a difference existed between the two ethnic groups in respect of this relationship. The participants were comprised of 186 Venda and 151 Northern Sotho adolescents, who completed the Child PTSD Checklist (PTSDC) and the Child Exposure to Violence Form (CEVF). A large proportion of participants reported high levels of exposure to violence. Venda youth appeared to be subjected to a higher rate of victimisation than the Northern Sotho adolescents. A strong correlation was found between exposure to violence and PTSD symptoms.

Twee navorsingsvrae is in hierdie studie gestel. Eerstens het hierdie studie ondersoek ingestel na die vlakke van blootstelling aan geweld onder die groep adolessente as geheel (Venda- en Noord-Sotho-sprekers), asook na die blootstellingsvlakke van die twee etniese groepe. Tweedens is die verband tussen die groepe se blootstelling aan geweld en hulle simptome van posttraumatiese stresversteuring (PTSV) ondersoek, asook die vraag of daar 'n verskil was tussen die twee etniese groepe ten opsigte van hierdie verband. Die deelnemers het bestaan uit 186 Venda- en 151 Noord-Sotho-adolessente, wat die Child PTSD Checklist (PTSDC) en die Child Exposure to Violence Form (CEVF) voltooi het. 'n Groot gedeelte van die deelnemers het hoë vlakke van blootstelling aan geweld aangedui. Dit het geblyk dat Venda-jeugdiges aan 'n hoër koers van viktimisering blootgestel is as die Noord-Sotho-adolessente. 'n Sterk korrelasie is gevind tussen blootstelling aan geweld en PTSV-simptome.

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/content/health/12/2/EJC35016
2007-06-01
2016-12-09
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