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n Health SA Gesondheid - Sexual and menstrual practices : risks for cervix cancer

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Abstract

Cervix cancer is the cancer that causes most female deaths in South Africa. Little is known about the sexual and menstrual practices in high-risk communities in South Africa. Knowledge of the risks inherent in these practices might lead to changed behaviour. The purpose of this study was to investigate if there are inherent risk factors for cervix cancer in the Black women's sexual and menstrual practices that could result in an increased incidence to provide an evidence base for future interventions. The design of the study was an exploratory, descriptive, contextual, quantitative survey. The context of the study was two urban areas in the Tshwane Metropolis. The target population was women from the age of 18 years in Ga-Rankuwa and Soshanguve extension 12. The sampling method used was convenient sampling (n = 279). A structured interview was conducted due to the high rate of illiteracy found amongst the women. The data were summarised using descriptive statistics. The results of the study highlight several risks that could increase the women's chance to develop cervix cancer. The identified risks are inherent in their socio-economic situation, knowledge and awareness of cervix cancer, and practices during menstruation.

Servikskarsinoom is verantwoordelik vir die meeste kankersterftes in vroue in Suid Afrika. Min is bekend aangaande die seksuele- en menstruasiepraktyke in hoë risiko gemeenskappe in Suid-Afrika. Kennis van risiko's wat in hierdie praktyke verskuil is mag tot gedragverandering lei. Die fokus van dié studie was om te bepaal of daar verskuilde risiko's vir servikskarsinoom in Swart vroue se seksuele- en menstruasiepraktyke is. Die navorsingsontwerp vir die studie was 'n ondersoekende, kwantitatiewe opname. Die konteks van die studie was twee stedelike gebiede in die Tshwane Metropool. Die populasie was vroue vanaf die ouderdom van 18 jaar in Ga-Rankuwa en Soshanguve uitbreiding 12. 'n Gerieflikheidsteekproef is gedoen (n = 279). As gevolg van die hoë peil van ongeletterdheid, is data deur middel van 'n gestruktureerde onderhoud ingesamel en met behulp van beskrywende statistiek opgesom en weergegee. Die resultate van die studie het verskeie risiko's wat die kans vir servikskarsinoom verhoog, getoon. Hierdie risiko's hou verband met die vroue se sosio-ekonomiese situasie, hul kennis en bewustheid van servikskarsinoom en praktyke tydens menstruasie.

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/content/health/12/3/EJC35023
2007-09-01
2016-12-08
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