1887

n Health SA Gesondheid - A cognitive-relaxation-visualisation intervention for anxiety in women with breast cancer : research

USD

 

Abstract

The aim of this study was twofold. Firstly, to design a cognitive-relaxation-visualisation intervention with the aim of reducing both overt and covert anxiety associated with the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. In addition to the creation of a suitable intervention, the aim of the present study was to ascertain the efficacy of the intervention in two groups of randomly selected female subjects, the one group (N = 72) being pre-diagnosis (awaiting mammogram results) and the other group (N = 16) being post-diagnosis (beginning radiation therapy). A Solomon four group design was used for the pre-diagnosis group and a pre-test - post-test control group design was utilised for the post-diagnosis group. The IPAT Anxiety Scale was used to measure the variables of overt and covert anxiety. Qualitative information regarding the intervention was obtained by means of a delayed interview. The results indicated that while the intervention had the effect of reducing anxiety for both groups, a pre-test sensitisation effect was also observed in the pre-diagnosis group. It emerged that patients had perceived the presence of an empathic individual at the time of diagnosis and early in treatment as being of greatest value in reducing anxiety.

Die doel van hierdie studie was tweeledig. Eerstens is daar gepoog om 'n kognitiewe ontspanningsvisualiseringsintervensie te ontwerp wat die vermindering van overte en koverte angs geassosieer met die diagnose en behandeling van borskanker ten doel het. Tesame met die ontwerp van 'n geskikte intervensie was die tweede doel om die doelmatigheid van die intervensie te toets in twee groepe bestaande uit toevallig geselekteerde vrouens. Die een groep (N = 72) kan beskryf word as pre-diagnose (afwagtend van mammogramresultate) en die tweede groep (N = 16) as post-diagnose (aanvang van bestralingsterapie). 'n Solomon viergroep ontwerp was gebruik ten opsigte van die pre-diagnose groep en 'n pretoets-posttoets kontrolegroep ontwerp was gebruik vir die postdiagnose groep. Die IPAT Angsskaal was gebruik om overte en koverte angs te meet. Kwalitatiewe inligting aangaande die intervensie was verkry deur middel van 'n vertraagde onderhoud. Die resultate toon dat, alhoewel die intervensie wel verminderde angs tot gevolg gehad het vir beide groepe was 'n pretoets sensitiseringseffek waargeneem in die prediagnose groep. Dit blyk dat die teenwoordigheid van 'n empatiese individu ten tye van diagnose asook vroeg in die behandelingsfase deur pasiënte as die waardevolste faktor beskou is ten einde angs te verminder.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/health/7/3/EJC35232
2002-09-01
2016-12-05
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error