oa South African Health Review - TB and malaria in SADC countries : priority programmes
Despite major advances in medical technology in the last century, Southern Africa still faces major problems with the prevention and control of malaria and tuberculosis. Today Southern Africa's situation is not very different from that of Europe two centuries ago. <br>The control of communicable diseases especially malaria cannot be achieved solely through national activities. Rapid globalisation, migration, ease and swiftness of transportation all mean that countries need to complement their national activities with regional ones, through standardisation of approaches to the prevention and control of diseases, sharing of information and best practices, which in turn contribute to effective use of resources. <br>The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) has placed prevention, control and treatment of key communicable diseases on its agenda. Malaria and TB, are one of the five priorities for the health sector for 1999-2002 period, and they are likely to continue being a priority in the next 10 years Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP). <br>This chapter explores some of the reasons for this state of affairs including : the factors that perpetuate it, the challenges for the SADC, the opportunities that exist and the possible ways to address continued high morbidity and mortality due to malaria and TB.
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