oa South African Health Review - Developments in environmental health : Primary Health Care : programme areas
The importance of environmental health services in Primary Health Care and health services in general, will be highlighted in this chapter. Outlined will be the developments in environmental health services since 1978, including the impact of various new pieces of legislation, such as the National Health Act. Challenges with the devolution of environmental health services to metropolitan and district municipalities are explored. An assessment of some of the main environmental health components such as water, sanitation, food and malaria is provided. Furthermore, the critical issue of human resources for environmental health will be discussed, and recommendations are made for stronger support to be provided for the delivery of environmental health services, especially by district municipalities.
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