HTS : Theological Studies - Volume 60, Issue 1_2, 2004
Volume 60, Issue 1_2, 2004
"Om nie te dink bÃ³ wat in die Skrif geskrywe staan nie" - konsistensie en ontwikkeling in die teologie van Piet GeyserSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 7 –28 (2004)More Less
"Keeping theology within the parameters of Scripture" - consistency and development in the theology of Piet Geyser
This article reflects a conversation between Andries G van Aarde and Piet A Geyser. P A Geyser was professor of Biblical and Religious Studies at the University of Pretoria. He retired in January 2004. The following issues are discussed: critique against the Calvinist doctrine of predestination from the perspective of Karl Barth's theology; the unity of the church; theology for lay people; the authority of Scripture; the relevance of historical Jesus studies; Biblical testimony on homosexuality and the pastoral care of gays. The article aims to demonstrate the growth and development in Geyser's hermeneutics while he remains within the parameters of Scripture.
Author M.J. Du P. BeukesSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 29 –50 (2004)More Less
An alternative formulary for the investiture of church ministers
This study aims to present an alternative formulary for the investiture of ministers in the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika. The new formulary reflects the author's views that were initially outlined in part and verified by a number of church ministers and congregational members of the church. The article argues for the necessity of a rephrasing of existing formularies, given the current postmodern perceptions of the functions of the church over against the style of the current formulary. Current perceptions of the functions of ministers also necessitate an alternative formulary for the investment of church ministers.
Author P.B. BoshoffSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 51 –60 (2004)More Less
The meaning of the tradition of the virgin birth : a discussion in the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk
This essay explains the meaning attached to the tradition of the virgin birth according to conservative, liberal and balanced readings. Topics that feature in the course of the argument are fundamentalism, liberalism, kerygma and the experience and verbalisation of the kerygma. Fundamentalism is defined as the inability to discern between gospel and theology. Liberalism is the willingness to renounce the concept of revelation. The gospel is proclaimed by performative language. Dogma is the explanation of belief which precedes it. In conclusion an explanation of the meaning of the tradition of the virgin birth based on proposed hermeneutical principles, is given.
"Genes Ð¯ us" - Of juis nie? Oor determinisme en voluntarisme by die mens met verwysing na homoseksualiteitAuthor Johan BuitendagSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 61 –81 (2004)More Less
"Genes Ð¯ us" - or not? About human determinism and voluntarism, with reference to homosexuality
This article has as its departure point the conviction of some that human genome mapping predisposes human beings genetically and as a consequence, the homosexual person becomes a mere victim of circumstances. Biological determinism and social construc-tionism are not mutually exclusive and although a person is orientated within a web of boundary matters, the depiction of a human being as imago Dei still prevails. A person has the freedom to choose and the responsibility to do so. One's understanding of reality provides a frame of reference from which a definition of morality is derived. The suggestion of Nancey Murphey to understand reality as a "nonreductive physicalism" is followed. Reductionism in any form is subsequently avoided. A holistic view of humankind in terms of which religious experience is seen as more than some brain functions and people are embedded in a "sacred canopy", is therefore advocated.
Author Markus CromhoutSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 83 –101 (2004)More Less
The study of the so-called "intermediate state" of the dead is conducted under the technical designation necrology. The evidence suggests that Paul's necrology did not remain constant and its development was influenced by personal circumstances. Paul's necrology consisted of two phases. Phase one: The dead were considered as "the others". They were the ones to be raised. Phase two: Paul realised that he could be one of "the others" and the theological content of his necrology demanded further clarification. Drawing on his being-in-Christ mysticism, Paul stated that the dead would experience fellowship "with Christ". It is also explicitly stated that Christians would retain their resurrection status in death and objectively experience the resurrection body that is under construction. This transformation process will be completed at the parousia.
Author Etienne De VilliersSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 103 –124 (2004)More Less
The societal changes introduced with the advent of the new political dispensation in South Africa in 1994 brought with them serious consequences for the different religions and for the academic disciplines devoted to the study of religion. This includes disciplines such as theology and religious studies, as well as those social sciences with an academic interest in religion as influential societal factor. The second part of the article presents a brief survey of the impact of these societal changes on religion, particularly the Christian religion, and the academic disciplines of theology, religious studies and the social sciences. An outline of the position and role of religion and the academic disciplines of theology, religious studies and the social sciences in the apartheid society from which South Africa is evolving, is used as point of departure in the first part of the article. The third part of the article ventures beyond mere description of the position and role of religion and the different academic disciplines involved with the study of religion. It aims to make out a case that in the New South Africa religion and academic disciplines exclusively devoted to the study of religion, such as theology, need the social sciences.
The role of composition in the interpretation of the Rider on the white horse and the seven seals in RevelationAuthor Pieter G.R. De VilliersSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 125 –153 (2004)More Less
The article investigates the way in which the author of Revelation composed the seven seals: Formal elements group the seals in smaller patterns. It then explains how this reading of the composition contributes to the process of interpretation by analysing the Rider on the white horse as first seal. Other aspects of the author's compositional skills are brought into discussion in a last part of the article where the meaning of the Rider on the white horse and the ambiguity of the symbols are discussed.
Author T.F. DreyerSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 155 –173 (2004)More Less
The psychological phenomenon of erotic transference and countertransference within the framework of pastoral care
This article aims to discuss the psychological phenomenon of transference and countertransference in therapeutical relationships. This phenomenon often leads to a sexual relationship resulting in emotional and psychological damage to both partners. The cause of this destructive sexual relationship is based on the therapist's misunderstanding of positive transference within the therapeutic relationship. The therapist, unknowingly in most instances, misuses his or her position of trust for sexual exploitation of the client. This phenomenon also manifests in pastoral relationships. This article describes the phenomenon and provides possible guidelines to the pastor in order to identify and prevent the occurrence of "sex in the forbidden zone."
Author Yolanda DreyerSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 175 –205 (2004)More Less
Homosexuality : church, tradition, and the Bible - homophobia, sarcophobia, and the gospel
The article demonstrates a trend in the current debate on the church's attitude towards homosexuality, namely that exegetical results supersede authentic faith experiences of gays. It shows that this trend causes an untenable tension between the dialectical notions sola fidei and sola Scriptura. Such an unacceptable tension contributes to the social psychological phenomena of homophobia and sarcophobia. The article investigates this empirical approach (theoretical reason) to homo-sexuality from the dialectical perspective of a theological approach (practical reason). The latter includes an investigation of the epistemological processes behind exegetes' diverse use of Scripture. The article aims to show that homophobia in society and church, and the sarcophobia of homosexuals can be challenged and healed if the church holds on to the dialectic between sola fidei and sola Scriptura and the dialectic between pastoral concerns and the engagement with the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Author Andrie Du ToitSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 207 –220 (2004)More Less
Does discourse analysis have a future?
After a promising start, enthusiasm for the use of discourse analysis in the study of biblical texts seems to be waning. Several reasons for this state of affairs are identified: lack of focus, consensus and results, fragmentation and isolation, methodological imperialism, excessive formalisation and schematisation, idiosyncratic tendencies, discrepancies between input and output, inability to break out of the mould of the sentence and competition from other disciplines. However, discourse analysis has proven itself as such a useful exegetical instrument that everything should be done to rehabilitate it. Suggestions to this effect are made. South African discourse analysis can make an important contribution towards any future development of discourse analysis.
Author Dirk J. HumanSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 221 –238 (2004)More Less
Jonah's "resurrection from death": Perspectives on "resurrection faith" in the Old Testament
The Jonah novelette tends to be one of the First Testament's primary witnesses on the resurrection faith. This faith portrays the omnipotent power of God over all other threatening powers of death and chaos, be they human or divine. Only God can raise the dead from death. Jonah's resurrection from death illustrates how Yahweh alone is responsible for this endeavour. This article focuses on Jonah's prayer (2:3-10). It argues that the reader is persuaded to see Jonah's flight from Yahweh and his commission ultimately leading to his ending up behind the bars of death (2:7b). Embedded in fictitious and mythological descriptions is Yahweh who delivered Jonah from the pit of death, namely Sheol (2:7c). Resurrection faith narratives in the Second Testament confirm these perspectives in the First Testament.
Author Glenna S. JacksonSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 239 –247 (2004)More Less
This article aims to critique western understanding of New Testament times. Most of the historical reconstructions done in the West are based on what biblical scholars have learned through primary and secondary written sources, occasionally from archaeological findings. The article recounts the author's experiences at Africa University in Mutare, Zimbabwe. Students who themselves live in agrarian, technologically undeveloped rural areas, convinced her to return to Africa in order to travel with them and learn for herself how they relate to an economically poor lifestyle of two thousand years ago. As a result, the article argues that the ordinary in Africa should be seen as extraordinary from a western worldview and completes a full circle by being in the context of New Testament times.
Sarah's submissiveness to Abraham : a socio-historic interpretation of the exhortation to wives in 1 Peter 3:5-6 to take Sarah as example of submissivenessAuthor Fika J. Van RensburgSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 249 –260 (2004)More Less
In 1 Peter 3:5-6 the author of First Peter refers to the holy women of the past who were submissive to their own husbands, and then refers to Sarah who obeyed Abraham and called him master. A socio-historic interpretation of this exhortation to wives in 1 Peter 3:5-6, using Sarah's submissiveness to Abraham as example of submissiveness, is given. This is done in order to approximate the reception of this tradition in First Peter, and the way the letter's first hearers/readers' (specifically the women) understood the author's exhortation, and to establish what the implications of this exhortation are for the role of women in churches today.
Author G.J.C. JordaanSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 261 –277 (2004)More Less
The unity of the Philippian letter : considerations from the thought structure of the letter
During the last two decades a new interest has emerged in the structure of the letter to the Philippians, leading to a variety of text oriented studies, which have more or less confirmed the unity of the letter. This article contributes to these studies by making a thought-structure analysis of the text of Philippians. This analysis, which takes the grammatical relations within the text as point of departure, but proceeds to a study of the more implicit markers of structure, such as repetition and figures of speech, reveals that the thoughts in the letter body of Philippians are arranged in a triangle pattern. In this pattern Philippians 1:27-30 serves as a "table of contents", which is expanded upon in the rest of the letter body (2:1-3:21). In a subtle way the main elements of the "table of contents" are echoed in Philippians 4:1-9, resulting in an "inclusio"-pattern. These patterns of thought structure of Philippians provide further support for theories in favour of the unity of the letter.
"Historiese kritiek" as "teologiese eksegese" en die belang daarvan vir die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk se SkrifbeskouingAuthor Gert J. MalanSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 279 –292 (2004)More Less
"Historical criticism" as "theological exegesis", and its importance for the view of Scripture in the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk
Presently the use of Scripture is under debate in the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk. Pastors have been theologically trained in the historical critical paradigm. However, the reality is that of a rather fundamentalist approach of many ministers and members of the church. This article argues that the historical critical approach to Scripture should be more effectively communicated. Ministers are challenged to communicate the historical context and problems surrounding the understanding of texts, rather than to use texts as basic propositions to be adhered to. The article argues that this aim can be enhanced when Rudolf Bultmann's concept of theological exegesis is applied. Not only should the exegete ask what a text meant, but should also ask to what reality and new self-understanding such an exegesis leads.
Author Julian MullerSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 293 –306 (2004)More Less
The practical theology that emerges from this article is one that develops out of a very specific context - in this case, HIV / AIDS. The philosophical framework is found in an integration of two paradigms, namely social-constructionism and postfoundation-alism. The article concludes with a research case study from the HIV / AIDS context. Practical theological research is not only about description and interpretation of experiences, but it is also about deconstruction and emancipation. The bold move should be made to allow all the different stories of the research to develop into a new story of understanding that transcends the local community. According to the narrative approach, this will not happen on the basis of structured and rigid methods, through which stories are analysed and interpreted. It rather happens on the basis of a holistic understanding and as a social-constructionist process to which all the co-researchers are invited and in which they are engaged in the creation of new meaning.
Author Jeremy PuntSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 307 –328 (2004)More Less
An important but often neglected aspect of the use of the Bible in Africa is its ownership and issues related thereto. Ownership of the Bible obviously concerns its personal possession and all that that entails, but goes beyond the commodification of the Bible in modern consumerist culture to refer, ultimately, to the control of the biblical texts. The limited attention to the ownership of the Bible is mostly restricted to hermeneutics, often identified as a site of struggle in Africa. However, claims to ownership are becoming increasingly visible and up-front in the area of vernacular translations, where such claims and other conditions imposed on Bible translations illustrate the affinity people have with the Book, how their sense of identity and worldviews are moulded by it and how a Bible translation acts as an important player in issues of power at various levels.
Author Dieter H. ReinstorfSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 329 –348 (2004)More Less
This article explores the social and religious dynamics of parables of Jesus in which "rich" and "poor" are juxtaposed. It focuses on Luke 16:19-31 (the parable of the rich man and the poor beggar Lazarus) and on Luke 18:9-14 (the parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector). The core of the exploration relates to questions concerning "wealth" and "poverty" in a limited-good society such as first-century Palestine. The article aims to expose the legitimisation provided by the Israelite elite to ensure the collection of taxes placed on the peasant population by the Roman Empire.
Author S.J.P.K. RiekertSource: HTS : Theological Studies 60, pp 349 –367 (2004)More Less
In order to describe the government by prepositions in the book of Revelation in terms of the Government and Binding Theory, it is imperative that the sub-theory of Case assignment be considered. With the latter as point of departure one may describe, i) the shifts from autothematic and structural Case to oblique Case, ii) the use of prepositions with oblique Case instead of the structural genitive Case, and( iii) the peculiarities of the Case and case assignment of the preposition evpi, as found in Revelation 4 and 5.