HTS : Theological Studies - Volume 67, Issue 1, 2011
Volume 67, Issue 1, 2011
Author Robert L. BrawleySource: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –6 (2011)More Less
This article has located Jesus' saying about homelessness in the context of the Roman Empire as it was experienced in Galilee. Homelessness is part of a broader picture that translates into loss of access to the resources of the land. The thesis is that in light of a theology of land resulting from the development of Abrahamic covenant traditions and the prophetic hope expressed especially in Isaiah, Ezekiel and Psalm 37, Jesus proclaimed God's kingdom as God's rule over heaven and earth, which implicates restoration of equitable access to the resources of the earth. The Lord's Prayer, presumptions about the water of Jacob's well in John 4 and the parable of the unjust steward in Luke 16 are used to demonstrate understandings of violations of equitable access according to Abrahamic covenant traditions and the hope for the restoration thereof.
A son in heaven, but no father on earth : a note in the margin of a 'Tale of Two Kings' : original researchAuthor Joseph VerheydenSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –6 (2011)More Less
The article is meant to offer a comment on the thesis of Andries G. van Aarde about the socalled fatherlessness of Jesus. The author argues for a more critical disposition towards a historical-psychological approach of ancient texts. Jesus' attitude towards children, which is illustrated in Mark 10:13-16, and the story of Jesus' birth and of Herod's reaction to it as told by Matthew, are used as test cases.
The divine favour of the unworthy : when the Fatherless Son meets the Black Messiah : original researchAuthor Allan A. BoesakSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –9 (2011)More Less
This article engages with Andries van Aarde's 2001 work on the historical Jesus, Fatherless in Galilee: Jesus as Child of God. It poses the question whether Van Aarde succeeds in overcoming the shortcomings of Western, Euro-centric, male dominated scholarship and making a different kind of conversation with non-Western Christians possible. The article explores the new ways in which Van Aarde speaks of the historical Jesus and interrogates the consequences of his main thesis, namely that to understand the historical Jesus properly, one needs to understand the most determining fact of Jesus' life, specifically his fatherlessness. The article finds that Van Aarde's fatherless Jesus opens up heretofore unexplored possibilities for the ongoing discussion with liberation theologies, in particular Black liberation theology. However, it raises the question whether Van Aarde does justice to his own new insights by interacting with Western theological scholarship alone. The fatherless Jesus and the Black Messiah meet in South Africa, where the cause of the fatherless Jesus has been so shamefully betrayed and where the divine favour of the Black Messiah needs to be gloriously embraced.
Wat op dees (van) aarde beteken die einde van tradisionele metafisiese taal oor God? In gesprek met die Nuwe-Testamentikus Andries Gideon van Aarde oor sy verstaan van 'n postsekulêre spiritualiteit : original researchAuthor Daniel P. VeldsmanSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –6 (2011)More Less
What does the end of traditional metaphysical language about God mean? In conversation with New Testament scholar Andries Gideon van Aarde on his understanding of a postsecular spirituality
South African New Testament scholar Van Aarde's explorative search for a new direction in theological reflection is explicated in this article with reference to his discussion of Peter Berger and Charles Taylor's contemporary contributions, which Van Aarde takes as vantage point to articulate the meaning of his 'courage to be a religious person today'. The articulation of his 'courage' to pursue a post-theistic understanding of a contemporary Christian religiosity (read: spirituality) that is non-fundamentalistic, non-populist and post-secular is discussed. At the same time, the basic tenets of his explorations are indicated, being constituted - negatively - by a de-centering of the power of institutional religion and, positively, by the enchantment of a Biblical hermeneutics that does not emphasise a proposition-like and moral code-like reading strategy. Finally, his 'new direction', which finds expression in the articulation of a 'spirituality of living faith', is scrutinised. It exposes the shortcomings in his (individualistic) exposition within the new correlation of modernisation and pluralism, causing it subsequently to bypass the necessary contemporary outcome in social embodiment.
Source: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –10 (2011)More Less
This article focused on Andries van Aarde's interpretation of the Gospel of Matthew. It argues that Van Aarde has changed his approach to Matthew in the course of time. At the beginning of his career he focused on structural analysis and even made a contribution to the Gattung problem from a structural perspective. Then his attention shifted to narrative criticism and social-scientific criticism. Van Aarde's consistent narratological interpretation of Matthew enabled him to identify Matthew's ideology and to determine the way in which it took shape on the surface structure. This narratological investigation also shed new light on, amongst others, the parables, the characters and the problem of direct and indirect discourse. To conclude the article, some critical statements with regard to the historical understanding of the Gospel of Matthew were formulated.
Source: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –14 (2011)More Less
This article focuses on Andries van Aarde's work on the historical Jesus and especially his book, Fatherless in Galilee, which made an important contribution to historical Jesus study in South Africa. In the first part of the article Van Aarde's historical and social approaches are highlighted, his ongoing reflection on the resurrection described and his work on the Infancy Gospel of Thomas accentuated. In the second part we discuss Van Aarde's depiction of Jesus as someone who grew up fatherless. For Jesus this meant a lifelong struggle against slander and exclusion from the temple and the presence of God. Jesus nevertheless trusted God who filled Jesus' emptiness. Jesus was baptised and then started a ministry, focusing on the outcasts of society. He preached that the kingdom of God had come and that the people of this kingdom could experience God, as well as forgiveness of sins. Jesus died but arose in the kerygma. The article also refers to the struggle of the authors of the New Testament writings to understand and express the Jesus event.
Author Glenna S. JacksonSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –6 (2011)More Less
In the article the author reflected on her personal and existential experience of a journey to Egypt, and how this highlights radical inclusivity. The article focused on the issues of the violence of poverty, the history of Coptic Christianity and the role of women within this tradition. The article touched on aspects such as 'women monks', ecclesiastical hierarchy in modern Coptic Christianity, and the ordination of clergy. It also considered the perspective of 'social hierarchy' and 'spiritual or divine hierarchy'.
Andries van Aarde - a sideways glance : his theological and hermeneutical contribution to the South African scene : original researchAuthor Gerda De VilliersSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –10 (2011)More Less
This article pays tribute to Andries van Aarde's theological and hermeneutical contribution. His research unfolds in three phases: a narrative reading of the text, a social scientific investigation of the context and an 'ideal construct' of the historical Jesus. Despite the theoretical nature of these inquiries, Van Aarde indicates convincingly their practical value for the church and society on the whole.
Author Lina SpiesSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67 (2011)More Less
Source: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –5 (2011)More Less
Studies ter ere van Andries van Aarde
Oor die afgelope vier dekades het Andries Gideon van Aarde 'n beduidende bydrae gelewer tot die Nuwe-Testamentiese wetenskap in die besonder en die teologie in die algemeen. Sowel op nasionale as internasionale vlak is daar besondere waardering vir sy werk. In die 1980s fokus hy op die Evangelie van Matteus, maar sy belangstelling is wyd en oor die dekades heen dek sy werk byna elke faset van die Nuwe-Testamentiese wetenskap en verwante dissiplines.
Studies in honour of Andries van Aarde
During the past four decades Andries Gideon van Aarde has contributed widely to the study of the New Testament in particular and theology in general, both nationally and internationally. He started out as a Matthean scholar in the 1980s and soon spread his wings to cover almost every facet of New Testament studies and related disciplines.
Author Johan BuitendagSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67, pp 1 –2 (2011)More Less
Voorwoord ter erkenning van Andries van Aarde
Gesien vanuit die perspektief van die Universiteit van Pretoria in die algemeen en van die Fakulteit Teologie in die besonder, is dit verblydend dat erkenning op hierdie manier aan 'n begaafde teoloog en eksegeet gegee word. Ek ag dit 'n eer en voorreg om die voorwoord tot hierdie Festschrift te mag skryf.
Foreword in recognition of Andries van Aarde
From the perspective of the University of Pretoria in general and of the Faculty of Theology in particular, it is gratifying that recognition is given in this way to a gifted theologian and exegete. I deem it an honour and privilege to write the foreword to this publication.
Author Izak J.J. SpangenbergSource: HTS : Theological Studies 67 (2011)More Less
Resurrection narratives and the doctrine of resurrection
The article examined the closing narratives of the four canonical gospels and argued that they should be read as stories and not as historical narratives. These stories, however, show a progressive development and it is evident that the narrators of the later stories embellished the earlier narratives. Christian theologians of later centuries developed these stories into a theology of salvation and linked resurrection to the idea of death being God's punishment for Original Sin. By doing so, they changed the Gospel of Jesus into the Gospel about Jesus. Currently, people have a different understanding of themselves and the world in which they live. Death is seen as part of the cycle of life and humans, like everything else, will not be resurrected but recycled. That is one of the reasons why Christianity is in dire need of a new paradigm that will take into account the real position of human beings in the cosmos.