n HTS : Theological Studies - Σφραγΐς (sfragís) and its metaphorical testimonial presence in 2 Timothy 2:19 : original research

Volume 67, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0259-9422
  • E-ISSN: 2072-8050



This article presented a metaphorical testimonial approach in the interpretation of 2 Timothy 2:19 and the use of sealing. As starting point, attention was given to the concept of 'seal' through the Old Testament and Ancient Near East. These periods attest the fact that sealing was also utilised in a figurative way as a sign of ownership, property and authenticity. Σφραγΐς in 2 Timothy 2:19 describes the intimate relationship between Christ and his followers through the terms γινωσκω [personal and vital relationship that transcends in practice] and άναγινωσκω [mainly an exterior knowledge]. These two vocables are in opposition to άδικία [to apostate from]. The message expressed in 2:19 exemplifies the principles that Christ lived by and he empowered his followers to stand by. Σφραγΐς in 2 Timothy 2:19 is an response against the άδικία of moral standards and entertainment in the ancient Roman world. It includes a rapid contemporary reflection on practical faithfulness for today's life.

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