HTS : Theological Studies - Volume 68, Issue 1, 2012
Volume 68, Issue 1, 2012
Religie en macht : theoretische invalshoeken in verband met het Nieuwe Testament : original researchAuthor Jan-Willem Van HentenSource: HTS : Theological Studies 68, pp 1 –8 (2012)More Less
Religion and power. Theoretical perspectives in connection with the New Testament.
This contribution is the slightly adapted introductory lecture given at the conference on Power and the New Testament held in Stellenbosch from 16-18 January 2011. It offers (1) a survey of some of the relevant scholarly contributions on the concept of power and the nexus of power and religion, and (2) a brief discussion of possible avenues for analyzing the theme of power in New Testament passages.
Author Francois TolmieSource: HTS : Theological Studies 68, pp 1 –7 (2012)More Less
The translation of έξονσία [eksousia] in John 1:12. A survey of Bible translations in Afrikaans, Dutch, English, German and French indicates that the term έξονσία [eksousia] in John 1:12 is translated in different ways by translators. In Afrikaans the options available to translators are 'gesag' ('authority'), 'mag' ('might'), 'krag' ('power'), 'reg' ('right') and 'voorreg' ('privilege'). In this article, the translation into Afrikaans of the term in John 1:12 is considered. The article begins with an overview of choices made by previous translators in this regard, as well as an overview of how the term is interpreted in dictionaries and by commentators. This is followed by an investigation of the other occurrences of the term in the Fourth Gospel, and suggestions as to the way it should be interpreted in each case. The use of the term in John 1:12 is then considered. It is proposed that the best translation of the term in Afrikaans is 'mag' ('might').
Author Johann BeukesSource: HTS : Theological Studies 68, pp 1 –17 (2012)More Less
Analytic concepts in middle Foucault. This article investigates prominent analytic concepts in the philosophical historiographies of Michel Foucault (1926-1984), with specific regards to the work done in the middle phase of his career. These concepts accentuate the relation between history, power and contingency within the context of social inquiry. The author qualifies a particular order in the isolation of these concepts from the middle part of Foucault's oeuvre: the notion of present history is introduced as the central concept in Foucault's analyses from this period. It is argued that the notion of present history sustains Foucault's other unique historiographical and socio-diagnostic tools from the particular period, namely archaeology, genealogy, discourse and power analysis. The article contributes to Foucaultian scholarship by periodising these concepts within the larger oeuvre, without subordinating Foucault to the parameters of his own 'method'.
What is the importance of executing rituals 'correctly' and why do people continue to engage in them? : original researchAuthor Hennie ViviersSource: HTS : Theological Studies 68, pp 1 –10 (2012)More Less
Rituals, borne out of our embodied practical reason, are deeds that are counterintuitive in terms of cause and effect. From a cognitive point of view, two kinds of religious rituals can be identified: special agent rituals, where superhuman agents act on human patients (once-off, highly emotional; e.g. initiations, weddings) and special instrument and patient rituals, where human agents act on superhuman patients (repeated, less emotional; e.g. sacrifices, Holy Communion). The idea of 'correctness' applies more stringently to the first kind than the second, for instance: Jacob's blessing of Ephraim and Manasseh in Genesis 48. Rituals stabilise, reconstitute and replicate our 'cosmos' or imaginative worlds as they realign our intersubjective relations. They are tenacious and persistent, because they evoke, usually in an emotional and motivational way, our sense of urgency, our deeply felt need to maintain sound social relations and our intuitive ability to form notions of a counterintuitive world. The aim of this article was therefore to highlight and illustrate the role our evolved mental tools play when conducting rituals, especially when conducting some rituals 'correctly' and others less stringently so. Furthermore, the psychological appeal that rituals have on the human mind was also explained.