n HTS : Theological Studies - Hemel en hel : original research

Volume 71, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0259-9422
  • E-ISSN: 2072-8050



Any conversation on 'heaven and hell' is nothing else but a conversation about 'life after death'. To understand the concept of heaven, earth and hell as described in the biblical context and surrounding cultures, it is important to understand their concept of the cosmos and creation. Different perspectives of the universe lead to different ideas about life after death. Apocalyptic thoughts brought new perspectives to the understanding of life after death. All these different views can only be understood within the context in which they developed. Due to scientific results, the perception of the cosmos changed, urging us today to interpret ancient models metaphorically.

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