HTS : Theological Studies - Volume 71, Issue 3, 2015
Volume 71, Issue 3, 2015
Destination New Zealand : a history of the Afrikaans Christian Church of New Zealand : original researchAuthor Johan M. Van der MerweSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –9 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.2921More Less
The advent of democratic change in South Africa in the 1990s led to an exodus of many White Afrikaans-speaking Christians from South Africa. They settled all over the world. One of the countries of choice was New Zealand. A group of these emigrants came together in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1998 and founded an Afrikaans church. The Church grew from one congregation to a denomination that currently has nine congregations. This article describes the history of the Afrikaanse Christen Kerk van Nieu-Seeland [Afrikaans Christian Church of New Zealand]. It focuses on the founding, growth, Church Order, ministry and challenges of the Church. The sources for this article are primary documents collected by the author in New Zealand.
Gedagtes oor die arbeidsregtelike posisie van predikante, pastore en priesters as werknemers van die kerk : original researchAuthor Fanie Van JaarsveldSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –6 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.2946More Less
Thoughts on the labor law position of pastors and priests as employees of the church. The issue of labour-law relationships between pastors or priests and their employers (churches) is controversial because they (pastors or priests) are often regarded as employees and often not. These issues are discussed on the basis of problems in the South-African positive law and English law. In discussing the question about the nature of this labour-law relationship, a two-stage approach is suggested, especially when bearing in mind that the employment contract forms the basis of the labour-law relationship between the two parties.
Author Ananda Geyser-FoucheSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –7 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3092More Less
Heaven and hell. Any conversation on 'heaven and hell' is nothing else but a conversation about 'life after death'. To understand the concept of heaven, earth and hell as described in the biblical context and surrounding cultures, it is important to understand their concept of the cosmos and creation. Different perspectives of the universe lead to different ideas about life after death. Apocalyptic thoughts brought new perspectives to the understanding of life after death. All these different views can only be understood within the context in which they developed. Due to scientific results, the perception of the cosmos changed, urging us today to interpret ancient models metaphorically.
Author Werner KlanSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –14 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3111More Less
This article is about the 500 hundred year commemoration of the Reformation in 2017. However, the question is to be asked: What should we celebrate in 2017? The article reflects on this question against the background of the ongoing division within Western Christianity. It discusses objectives laid out by Wolfgang Huber in 2008 for the Luther Decade. These objectives focus on the relationship between church and society, and particularly Lutheran themes such as 'hopelessnesses of life', 'afflictions of faith', 'God's hiddenness' and the 'theology of the cross'. The article demonstrates that the soteriological focal point of Biblical- Lutheran theology reflects the assertion that it is only God who, through the belief in Christ, awards freedom and dignity to every human. The Church represents the 'metaphor of a Christian fellowship', which is a fellowship of equals that provides a socio-political impetus.
Author Yolanda DreyerSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –7 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3045More Less
The meeting of worlds and the principle of sola Scriptura. Rather than function as acatalyst for unity, the Bible can be the cause of conflict among Christian believers. The Bible is also often the reason for strife, specifically in the Reformed tradition, even though Protestants uphold the creedal truism of sola Scriptura and though the authority of the Bible is seen as selfmandatory, transcending the normative power of ecclesiastical or confessional traditions. This article focuses on biblical interpretation as both a cause of disunity and a possible means to achieve greater unity. The point of departure is that biblical interpretation consists of a fusion of horizons; it is primarily about the fusion of two horizons, namely that of the Bible and that of the reader. However, both these horizons represent a great diversity of perspectives. A variety of readers interpret the Bible from diverse contexts. The Bible itself also communicates a diversity of ideas. Even the notion 'Jesus Christ' does not function as a unified or unifying concept. The article proposes that the idea of 'Jesus' cause' (Sache Jesu) could provide continuity between the world of the reader and the world of a biblical passage.
Metafore vir die ontmoeting tussen God en mens en 'n 'swerwende' teoloog se soekend-wandelende reis : original researchSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –9 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3116More Less
Metaphors for the encounter between God and humanity and a roaming theologian's reflective journey.
This article maps the theology of Christo van der Merwe as a mobilising theology which aided the Netherdutch Reformed Church in Africa (NRCA) in discerning its character, role and purpose. The core of Van der Merwe's theology consists of a journey with God as encountered in the narratives about Jesus and the Spirit told in the Christian Bible. The article shows that the mobilising core of his theology is due to an 'inter-operational relationship' between 'knowing and believing'. In the article, the metaphor 'roaming' is used to illustrate this biographical journey as contextual theology which equips pastors with ministerial skills to take care of people who are haunted by trauma.
Hervormde Teologiese Kollege Volume, opgedra aan dr. Christo van der Merwe / Reformed Theological College Volume, dedicated to Dr Christo van der Merwe : editorialAuthor Andre UngererSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –8 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i.3144More Less
The first ministers trained locally by and for the Netherdutch Rerformed Church of Africa (NRCA) were J.J. Kuhn and J.J. Prinsloo. The study of Dr P.J. Muller served as 'the seminary'. The full theological curriculum was taught (see Oberholzer 2010:5). These students were licensed in 1909.
Die eerste predikante wat op eie bodem deur en vir die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika (NHKA) opgelei is, was J.J. Kuhn en J.J. Prinsloo. Die studeerkamer van dr.P.J. Muller het as 'kweekskool' gedien. Die volle teologiese kurrikulum is onderrig (kyk na Oberholzer 2010:5). Hierdie studente is in 1909 in die Kerk beroepbaar gestel.
An interdisciplinary investigation into the narratives of three co-researchers : a post-foundational notion of practical theology : original researchAuthor Juanita MeyerSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –10 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3159More Less
This article elaborates on the sixth movement of a post-foundational notion of practical theology and is concerned with giving a description of experiences, which are thickened through interdisciplinary investigation. The experiences of interest are those of the co-researchers who formed part of the larger research study, conducted in 2010, and who were at the time adolescent male orphans, affected by HIV and AIDS, poverty and father abandonment. The research was conducted within the theoretical frameworks of a post-foundational notion of practical theology, narrative therapy and research, and social constructionism. A qualitative research strategy was employed, with the case study design as point of departure in collecting and analysing research data. Various key aspects were investigated with the use of the model of narrative and the seven movements of a post-foundational notion of practical theology. The aim of this article is to provide an illustration of the application of the principles of a post-foundational notion of practical theology, and its sixth movement - an interdisciplinary investigation - as it is applied within this specific research context. Four interdisciplinary conversationalists, each from a different academic field, were invited to reflect on the three narrated stories of the co-researchers. This article, then, gives a report on their feedback and the value of interdisciplinary investigation in aiding, with the understanding of the meaning making process behind collected narratives.
Ancient Israelite and African proverbs as advice, reproach, warning, encouragement and explanation : original researchAuthor David T. AdamoSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –11 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.2972More Less
With few exceptions, the majority of biblical scholars (Euroamericans and Africans) concentrate on comparing ancient Israelite proverbs with the so-called ancient Near Eastern proverbs. Despite the importance of proverbs in Sub-Saharan Africa it is doubly unfortunate that the majority of African biblical scholars did not think it wise to compare proverbs from ancient Israel with Sub-Saharan African proverbs. It is also a double tragedy that young people in Sub-Saharan Africa are ignorant of proverbs because they have refused to learn them because they think them archaic. Proverbs in both ancient Israel and in Africa are similar in function and classification. Thus, they serve as advice, reproach, warning, encouragement and further explanation of some facts. They have great value and importance, such as giving a sense of identity, community, culture, respect for authority and elders, sacredness of everything under the sun and a sense of hospitality and others.
A vision for peace in the City of Tshwane : insights from the homeless community : original researchSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –9 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3097More Less
Communities living on the margins of society, such as the homeless, are overlooked in the process of building a vision for peace in the City of Tshwane. This article, therefore, seeks to explore the issue of a vision for peace from the perspective of the homeless in the City of Tshwane. Isaiah 65:17-25 was used as a hermeneutic key, within a community engaged action research framework, to stimulate reflection and application in the context of homelessness where meaningful peace is non-existent. Emerging voices of ordinary readers (participants)of the text, as represented by the homeless in the City of Tshwane (CoT), suggest institutions (of education, business, government, churches as well as other individuals) need to work together in synergy towards the realisation of this peace in the city. In relation to peace in the CoT, this research has unearthed some insights from a local homeless community which could contribute towards the development of an integrated praxis needed for transformative urban missiology. The recommendations derived from the research are : the homeless people must be partisans to such a holistic and integrated vision for peace and should be seen as active responsible citizens of the city willing to undertake actions that are in support of this vision.
Faith communities, social exclusion, homelessness and disability : transforming the margins in the City of Tshwane : original researchSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –9 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3088More Less
Social exclusion is a reality in South Africa today. Its faces are diverse and varied; social exclusion can be defined in terms of social, economic, political and religious dimensions. This diversity also applies to the context of homelessness in the City of Tshwane. The research on which this article is based sought to explore the issue of social exclusion from a religious perspective; it looked closely at how social exclusion manifests from a religious perspective in the context of homelessness and disability in the City of Tshwane. The thrust of this article is captured in the following question : how do homeless people and persons with disability experience social exclusion from faith communities? What do they say about the role that faith communities should play in addressing their marginalisation? These questions were answered by doing Contextual Bible Study of Acts 3:1-10 with the homeless in the City of Tshwane, thereby allowing them space for their voices to be heard as to how the faith community should respond to their plight. It became clear in this research that faith communities should always act as transforming agents to those in the margins.
Community engagement as the organic link with the street : creating a learning community between the academy and homeless people in Tshwane : original researchAuthor Nico BothaSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –9 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3118More Less
Does the current community engagement project, of the Department of Christian Spirituality, Church History and Missiology at the University of South Africa (UNISA), respond to the conceptual discourse on community engagement? Informed by this question this article's objective is two-pronged. Firstly, an attempt is made to locate the project's beginning in a proper historical perspective by engaging the initial ministry of the Department with homeless people. The narrative about the work of a Mennonite couple is told by structuring it around the dimensions of agency (identification or insertion), context analysis, strategies for mission and theological reflection or in simple terms, the reading of the Bible. Secondly, this article proceeds by subjecting both the initial ministry with homeless people and the community engagement project, in its current form, to the scrutiny of three high ranking publications from the Higher Education Quality Committee in collaboration with JET Education Services, the Council on Higher Education and a handbook on service learning in South Africa on the conceptual clarification of service learning and community engagement. As the documents reveal some difference of opinion amongst the experts, the bottom-line is that unless the interaction between the academy and the community (homeless people) is a consistent, sustainable, reciprocal and mutual process aimed at creating a genuine learning community, the project is called into question. A further issue is that the engagement between the parties must find reflection in what is taught - students or learners are to benefit from this - and researched.
Author R. Drew SmithSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –8 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3079More Less
While many persons within westernised or westernising nations such as the United States of America and South Africa continue to place importance on matters of faith, a growing number of those persons approach matters of faith informally rather than formally and individually rather than institutionally. The implications of this are that among 21st century populations informal religious formation may be as important as or more important than the formation taking place via formal religious channels. A central emphasis of this article is that this is especially true among more socially marginalised populations, not simply because they may not enjoy the same level of access to formal institutions, but also because they may regard those institutions as spiritually and culturally restrictive and exclusionary. The contributions of the article are, firstly, its use of original and unique survey data generated from neighbourhood studies the author directed in low-income contexts within several US cities and within Pretoria, South Africa, and, secondly, its analysis of informal ways the urban poor engage Christian ideas and practices - an aspect of urban religion that has not received adequate scholarly attention.
Author Ulrike KistnerSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –14 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3101More Less
This article examines the relation between the University of Pretoria and the City of Tshwane, outlining seven different kinds of relation as they have taken shape historically. The first type relation between the University and the City presented here, establishes correspondences in public architecture at the height of apartheid modernity, between structures marking and shaping political convergences. The second type of relation is premised on the walling in and fencing off of the University from the City; the Metro musings exhibition inaugurating the 'Capital Cities' project looks across the divides thus cemented, from within the confines of the University. The third type of relation is that of 'Community Engagement' culminating in the annual Mandela Day activities, impelled by ideas on the Developmental State featuring in the National Development Plan. In the fourth type of relation, corporate models of municipal governance find common cause with the corporate management styles of the University, expressed in corporate partnerships combining a 'University of Excellence' with 'the African City of Excellence'. The strategies envisaged for social intervention emerging from this 'partnership' form a sixth type of relation between the University and the City. In the process of pitting property and law against poverty and lawlessness, new civic challenges are emerging for transformative constitutionalism and for the University. In both arenas, this article concludes, what is at stake is a seventh type of relation between the University and the City - outside of the 'legal'-'illegal' distinction. For the University, in particular, this would entail a productive idea of 'dissensus'.
Coping in a harsh reality : the concept of the 'enemy' in the composition of Psalms 9 and 10 : original researchAuthor Martin J. SlabbertSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –5 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3123More Less
In this paper, Psalms 9 and 10 are read together from a literary, post-exilic perspective, arguing that the construct of the 'enemy' in this composition primarily serves to strengthen the position of the righteous. It seems that a variety of strategies are employed in this composition to establish dichotomic-ideological categories. This results in the formation of a polarity between YHWH and the enemy on the one hand and the righteous and the enemy on the other. This seems to have been a technique through which the author or authors of this composition sought to break free from their current social experience in order to create a new, just and fair reality for the righteous.
Author Jaco BeyersSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –10 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3178More Less
The concept of self-secularisation has been identified by Wolfgang Huber, bishop of the German Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland (EKD), when he reflected on the context of the church in Germany. Self-secularisation however, is a worldwide phenomenon with effects in South Africa as well. After discussing the origin of the concept and its interpretations, the author tries to identify instances of self-secularisation within especially the Afrikaans speaking churches, although not limited to them, in South Africa. The theological jargon comes under scrutiny, civil religion, the pluralistic society within which the church exists, the effect of emotionalism, the commercialisation of the church, the role of mass media and the phenomenon of infotainment, rationalisation and a lack of ethics are some of the elements identified and discussed. Finally the author attempts a correction by indicating what the church ought to do in order to counter the effects of self-secularisation.
Die Apostoliese tradisie in die Kerk se verstaan van Skrif en geloof vanaf Reformasie tot aan die begin van die een en twintigste eeu - 'n Kort hermeneutiese oorsig : original researchAuthor J.P. (Kobus) LabuschagneSource: HTS : Theological Studies 71, pp 1 –15 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3018More Less
The Apostolic tradition in the Church's understanding of Scripture and faith from Reformation to the start of the 21st century - A brief hermeneutical overview.
This study is a concise hermeneutical overview of faith's various ways of understanding and of the different approaches towards scripture interpretation in the history of the Church, from the Reformation to the start of the 21st century. In conclusion, the research manifests that historically the Apostolic Tradition of the Early Church, with its ecumenically accepted expression of faith in the Nicene Confession (originating from the Ecumenical Councils of Nicaea 325 and Constantinople 381), provides us with a vital hermeneutical key for the interpretation of the scripture and the faith of the Church and, in conjunction with this, offers a foundation towards Church unity for our time and all centuries. The study expressly takes into account that the current ecumenical debate on the unity of the Church predominantly supports the view that the Nicene-Constantinopolitan creedal statement undoubtedly renders the best basis for seeking the unity of faith communities of all ages and across the world.