n HTS : Theological Studies - Investigating the communicative strategy in 2 Maccabees 3 : six scenes which influence the reader throughout the narrative : original research

Volume 72 Number 3
  • ISSN : 0259-9422
  • E-ISSN: 2072-8050



The events in the introduction to 2 Maccabees (2 Macc 3:1-39) undoubtedly centre round the Jerusalem Temple. It is depicted as world-renowned, holy and just. Many scholars have therefore highlighted the theme of the Temple in 2 Maccabees, introduced by 2 Maccabees 3. Yet, the reason for the Temple's centrality is not traditionally seen as more than a mere link to the rest of the narrative. This article, however, asks the question: Why is the author incorporating the Temple in such a specific manner? What is the impact on the implicit reader of this specific depiction of the Temple? In other words, how is the implicit reader's experience throughout the rest of the narrative influenced by the events in this introduction? To answer these questions, the article identifies six scenes in 2 Maccabees 3 and applies a rhetorical analysis in order to establish the communicative strategy and its possible impact on the implicit reader.

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