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- South African Journal of Higher Education
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- Volume 16, Issue 2, 2002
South African Journal of Higher Education - Volume 16, Issue 2, 2002
Volumes & issues
Volume 16, Issue 2, 2002
Author A. MijiSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 166 –176 (2002)More Less
South Africa has been experiencing a concerning decline in the number of students entering university. This is of course taking place at a time when major shortages of qualified personnel in business, commerce, science, engineering and technology are experienced in this country. Many reasons have been advanced for this apparent decline hence it was felt in this study that perhaps some answers might be found from students currently at university. A sample of 220 students taking different courses at university were asked to indicate why they had taken university education as well as how previous education had prepared them for higher education. Results indicated that students do see university education as offering an opportunity to develop as individuals. Also, they reported that such education would result in knowledge development and skills that would be useful later on in their lives. Tied to these, students also indicated that qualifications would enable their getting a good job. In terms of preparation for higher education most students were positive. However, a worrying aspect was the report that they never received career guidance when in their secondary education. It is concluded that positive results reported may be helpful in circumventing the current situation and that such a knowledge will provide means for promoting economic growth, fighting poverty, and entrenching democracy in South Africa.
An exploratory study on the perceptions of previously educationally disadvantaged first year learners of law regarding university educationSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 177 –182 (2002)More Less
This article presents an exploratory study and focuses on the high failure rate amongst first year learners at South African universities. A trend that is significantly higher at HBU's (historically black universities). A cause for this problem can probably be found in the inadequate school education of these learners. Some of the findings of the study are that learner preparation had a non-significant influence whilst presentation of lectures had a significant influence on the perceptions regarding university studies. For the success of outcomes-based education and the successful shifting of focus from teaching to learning, a culture of learning needs to be cultivated. Lecturers should make learners aware that they must adopt a different approach to learning at university level. Learners have a greater responsibility to work on their own.
Source: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 183 –192 (2002)More Less
This article examines the relative efficiency of ten South African universities between 1994 and 1997 based on the analytical review technique. This is supplemented by results from Data Envelopment Analysis. Three groups of universities - titled relatively efficient, relatively inefficient and least efficient - are identified. Some of the important factors likely to influence relative efficiency are then examined, specifically effects arising from student population dimensions, the quality and deployment of personnel resources and allocation of recurrent expenditures. The possibility of differences in the quality of graduates is examined. The article concludes with a presentation of benchmarks of "best practice" for the university sector.
Author E. AlantSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 193 –197 (2002)More Less
Over the last decade there has been increasing interest in transdisciplinary training and research as academics realise the need for re-thinking of the kind of scholarship or outcomes that are required to address the ever increasing complexity of issues. The implementation of this approach in training and research has, however, been less than satisfactory as staff face multiple challenges in relation to the development of cohesive transdisciplinary programs. This article deals with the concept of transdisciplinary training by discussing the application of the approach to the development of a multi-professional Masters course in early childhood intervention that is presented on the world wide web. Challenges and issues related to the training process are discussed and the importance of institutional support for the implementation of transdisciplinary teaching and research is highlighted.
The value of a computerised learner information database system to foster development and accountability through information sharingSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 198 –204 (2002)More Less
The diversity of learners at South African universities offers a challenge to educators to identify their development needs and to tailor the facilitation of learning experiences accordingly. The University of Port Elizabeth (UPE) has responded to this challenge by establishing an Admissions and Placement Assessment Programme (APAP) to assess the readiness levels of all incoming learners using an assessment battery. The creation of a computerised database has made it possible to provide faculties with information on the academic readiness of learners and the retention rates of high-risk learners, to track the academic progress of learners, and to stimulate institutional research and policy-making. The database has proved to be central in the success of the development-focused APAP. This article will describe the structure and functioning of such a database within an admissions testing programme and show how this could serve as a model to foster development and accountability through information sharing.
Author T. WoodSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 205 –211 (2002)More Less
With the emphasis on programmes in South African policy on higher education there is an imperative for institutions to grapple with the programme-based approach as a practical and organisational question. This article is based on policy inputs that have been made from the Academic Planning Unit at the University of the Western Cape (UWC). The article emphasises the role of faculties in programme development and offers suggestions concerning the re-engineering of faculties for collaboration across disciplinary and departmental boundaries. In particular it advocates a certain accommodation between academic and financial planning. These various recommendations are, however, made in the light of certain critiques of the idea of programme-based higher education that have already appeared since the SAQA Act (1995) and the Education White Paper : A Programme for the Transformation of Higher Education Transformation (1997).
Reconstructing professionalism in university teaching : teachers and learners in action, Melanie Walker (Ed) : book reviewAuthor Y. WaghidSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 212 –219 (2002)More Less
Extracted from text ... 212 Book Reviews Reconstructing professionalism in university teaching: Teachers and learners in action. Edited by Melanie Walker. 2001. Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk: St Edmundsbury Press. 208 pp. At the time of reading Reconstructing professionalism in university teaching, my thoughts have already been heavily shaped by intra- and trans-institutional debates akin to the position of research at my own institution vis-a? -vis teaching and learning in the higher education sector. The University of Stellen- bosch, like several other higher education institutions in South Africa, has already strategically committed itself to becoming a research-oriented university. Does this position necessarily mean that teaching ..
Author L. Le GrangeSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16 (2002)More Less
Extracted from text ... 220 Rethinking truth by Higgs, P & Smith, J 2002. Kenwyn: Juta. 156 pp. Almost two thousand years ago (according to the Bible) Pontius Pilate asked the question, ``What is truth?'' This question remains an open one and today truth is still a central concern or pursuit of science. Higgs and Smith (2002) argue that although rethink- ing truth is not a new activity the exercise of rethinking truth is pertinent at present because humanity is faced with new realities such as starva- tion, Aids, illiteracy, serial killings which occur along- side sophisticated digital technology, the human genome project, and ..
Author Yusef WaghidSource: South African Journal of Higher Education 16, pp 221 –223 (2002)More Less
Extracted from text ... 221 African voices in education by Higgs, P, Vakalisa, N C G, Mda, T V & Assie-Lumumba, N T 2000. Cape Town: Juta. 217 + v pp. Glancing at the cover of the book immediately opens up a window for questioning the title African voices in education. It implies that there are many voices, and if so, it gets one thinking: Why do the editors refer us to African ones? We quickly see some of the reasons as we read through this most compelling and fascinating collection of ``voices'' that would other- wise have been muted if not for the ..