oa Historia - Thomas Ignatius Ferreira (c. 1743-1814), Oosgrenspionier en Britse bevelvoerder van Fort Frederick
Thomas Ignatius Ferreira (c.1743-c1814), pioneer on the Eastern Frontier and ""British"" officer in command at Fort Frederick Thomas Ferreira initially farmed in the region of Mossel Bay and afterwards on a farm east of Langkloof, before he moved to Papenkuilsfontein in Algoa Bay in 1776, thus becoming one of the first Afrikaner pioneers in this area. In 1782 he was a member of the expedition which set out to look for survivors of the shipwrecked Grosvenor. In 1799 the British garrison erected Star Fort on his farm. This became the first official structure of defence on the Eastern Frontier. After having learned that the Cape was to become a colony of the Batavian Republic in 1803, the Acting British Governor appointed Thomas Ferreira as commanding officer at Fort Frederick. During a visit by Governor J.W.Janssens to Algoa Bay in 1803, Thomas was accused of cruelty towards non-whites and of being partly responsible for the unrest on the Eastern Frontier. In order to maintain peace and order he and some of his relatives, inter alia his daughter, the later notorious ""Kwaade Martha"" Ferreira of the Black Circuit ( 1812-1813), were banned from Algoa Bay. Thomas resettled on a farm in the Mossel Bay region.
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