1887

n Historia - From obscurity to official opposition : the Progressive Federal Party, 1959-1977

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Abstract


Die outeur skets die geskiedenis van die progressiewe partye tussen totstandkoming in 1959 en Amptelike Opposisie in 1977. Die redes vir die stigting van die Progressiewe Party (PP) word ondersoek, en die dalende kiesersondersteuning gedurende die oproerige 1960s word verduidelik. Daar word bewys dat die herorganiseering van die 1970s, tesame met die meer gunstige binne- en buitelandse politieke klimaat, verantwoordelik was vir die progressiewe deurbraak in 1974. Die onvermoë van die Amptelike Opposisie, die Verenigde Party (VP), om die Nasionale Party effektief teen te staan, het gelei tot ontevredenheid binne VP-geledere. Afgeskeide lede het by die PP aangesluit, eers om die Progressiewe Reformisteparty (PRP) en daarna die Progressiewe Federale Party (PFP) te stig. Agtienjaar na hul eerste vorming het die progressiewes uiteindelik die Amptelike Opposisie geword, net om te sien hoe effektiewe protes teen die regering al hoe meer van buite die parlement gekom het.

In the article the author outlines the history of the progressive parties between foundation in 1959 and official opposition in 1977. The paper examines the reasons for the establishment of the Progressive Party and traces and explains its declining electoral fortunes through the turbulent years of the 1960s. It shows that the organisational regenerations of the 1970s together with the more favourable internal and external political climate led to the progressive breakthrough of 1974. The inability of the official opposition United Party to effectively challenge and stem the National Party tide led to dissatisfaction within its ranks. Dissident members joined the PP, first to form the Progressive Reform Party and then the Progressive Federal Party. Eighteen years after its formation the progressives finally became the official opposition, only to find that the effective challenge to government increasingly came from outside of parliament.

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/content/hist/39/1/EJC37813
1994-05-01
2016-12-05
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