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n Historia - Die era van Suid-Afrika se militêre hoogbloei (1974-1994) met die Vaaldriehoekse samelewing as konsentrasieveld

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Abstract

Die era van Suid-Afrika se militêre hoogbloei (1974-1994) met die Vaaldriehoekse samelewing as konsentrasieveld Suid-Afrikaanse militêre ingryping in Angola in 1975 het tot die mobilisering van die samelewing gelei. Die Vaaldriehoek is ook deur die proses geraak. Die streek was ook van strategiese betekenis. Die burgerlike bevolking is op verskillende wyses gemobiliseer. Daar is veral op die vrou en die jeug as in die proses gefokus. Verskillende organisasies het daadwerklik pogings aangewend om die veiligheidsmagte te ondersteun. Militêre paraatheid het in die aktiwiteite van die verskillende militêre eenhede in die streek na vore gekom. Vaaldriehoekse fabrieke het 'n belangrike rol in wapenvervaardiging gespeel. Die Vaaldriehoek het ook 'n belangrike rol in die rewolusionêre stryd gespeel. Daar was die Sharpeville voorval van Maart 1960 en die onluste van September 1984 in Sebokeng. Rewolusionêre organisasies het wantoestande uitgebuit en die swart bevolking teen die regering gemobiliseer. Die politieke koers na 1989 en demobiliseringspogings het die Vaaldriehoek negatief geraak. 'n Aantal militêre eenhede in die streek het ontbind. Fabrieke het ook nie meer verdedigingskontrakte gekry nie en werkloosheid het gevolg. End

The era of South Africa's military acme (1974-1994) with particular reference to the Vaal Triangle South Africa's military involvement in Angola, as from 1975 led to the mobilisation of society. The Vaal Triangle, one of the major industrial regions of the country, was no exception. The local civilian population was mobilised in various ways. Mobilisation efforts focused on women and the youth. Various organisations supported the defence effort. Civil defence held regular exercises while different Vaal Triangle towns had outstanding emergency plans. The armed forces (police and army) provided training for the civilian - e.g. how to use a firearm effectively. Military preparedness was apparent in the activities of the various military units in the region. Vaal Triangle factories also played an important role in the manufacturing of weapons. The Vaal Triangle played a major role in the revolutionary struggle. The Sharpeville incident of March 1960 and the riots of September 1984 in Sebokeng were key local events. Revolutionary organisations capitalised on poor conditions and then mobilised the black community. Many soldiers from the Vaal Triangle lost their lives in service of the country. Many of those who survived are still (in 2000-1) suffering from the effects of post traumatic stress. The political direction after 1989 and demobilisation had a negative effect on the Vaal Triangle. Some military units had to disband. Factories also experienced an under-supply of manufacturing contracts, once the production of companies such as Armscor drastically reduced manufacturing activities. End

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/content/hist/46/2/EJC38034
2001-11-01
2016-12-08
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