n Historia - Die VOC, wins en verlies : 'n perspektief vanuit 2002

Volume 47, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0018-229X
  • Author W. Cruywagen
  • Source : Historia, Volume 47, Issue 1, May 2002, p. 247 - 269
  • Accreditation : Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET)
    SciELO SA
    The International Bibliography of Social Sciences (IBSS)



"The main strength of Holland was derived from the ocean, from whose destructive grasp she had wrestled herself, but in whose friendly embrace she remained." This description by John Motley, the celebrated 19th century American historian, summarizes the source of Holland's existence. Holland was Europe's foremost trading nation, the continent's carrying trade in local and Oriental goods was conducted by the Dutch, and they were the leaders in the fishing industry and in shipbuilding. <br>When the Dutch East India Company was established in 1602, trade with the East Indies was, though, a new challenge, practically nothing more than a continuation of a well known practice. What was new was a vast colonial empire that grew as trading activities expanded. For about a century the trading dividends were high, but the cost of wars, illegal trading by company officials, mismanagement and aggressive English competition, were so exhausting that the Company was dissolved and its remaining activities and liabilities were taken over by the Dutch Government in 1795. <br>At the Cape of Good Hope the Company established a refreshment station that eventually developed into a permanent settlement. A shortage of immigrants and the refusal of free trading opportunities for the free burgers hampered the development of the Cape colony. However, when the errors and neglects of the Company are weighed against the positive legacy of its existence and involvement, the latter bears testimony that the world and civilization would have been poorer had it not been for the Dutch East India Company. End

"The main strength of Holland was derived from the ocean, from whose destructive grasp she had wrestled herself, but in whose friendly embrace she remained." Hierdie beskrywing deur John Motley gee 'n opsomming van die kernrede vir die bestaan van Holland. Holland was een van Europa se vooraanstaande handelsnasies. Die handel van die kontinent in goedere wat van die Ooste gekom het, is deur die Hollanders behartig. Hulle was ook die leiers in die vissery en skeepsbou. Met die tostandkoming van die VOC in 1602 was die handel met Oos-Indië weinig meer as 'n gewone praktyk. Wat nuut was, is die feit dat 'n handelsryk gevestig is. Vir sowat 'n eeu was die dividende hoog, maar die koste van oorloë, onwettige handel, wanbestuur en aggressiewe Britse mededinging het die maatskappy uitgeput sodat dit in 1795 verplig was om te sluit. Die oorblywende bates en laste is toe deur die staat oorgeneem. In die geskiedenis van hierdie onderneming is insiggewende perspektiewe opgesluit wat in 2002 steeds relevant is. End

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