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n Historia - Die rol van die verligtes in die grondwetlike onderhandelinge, 1990-1994

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Abstract


The establishment of a democratic South Africa in 1994 was the result of the dismantling of apartheid, in which the (since their origin in 1966) in the National Party (NP) had a significant role to play. The influence in the NP caused many reforms of apartheid policy to be implemented during the Vorster and P.W. Botha eras. Growing tensions in the country during the 1980s led to increasing dissatisfactions in the NP and resulted in the rise of a left wing, known as the "new Nats". As pragmatist, F.W. de Klerk could not ignore the increasing demands for comprehensive reforms by the and the "new Nats". He succeeded in unifying these two factions within the National Party, and they became known as the . In the earlier stage of negotiations, this group did not support majority rule, but rather power-sharing. The 1990s heralded the era of negotiations for a new democratic political dispensation in South Africa. During the course of the negotiations, De Klerk and the began to differ in their objectives in terms of the intended outcome of the negotiations. De Klerk wanted to ensure a power-sharing agreement, which made provision for the protection of minority rights, while the started to believed that the ANC's numerical superiority would necessarily lead to a government dominated by the majority and that individual rights, rather than group rights, should be emphasised. They were, however, forced to this paradigm shift due to pressure resulting from political, economic and demographic realities. De Klerk was pressured to accept this political viewpoint at last. However, while these divergent goals resulted in a transitional democratic constitution, characterised by many shortcomings, it also piloted a peaceful election.

Die totstandkoming van 'n demokratiese Suid-Afrika in 1994 was die gevolg van die ontmanteling van apartheid waarin die verligtes (sedert hulle ontstaan in 1966) in die Nasionale Party (NP) 'n betekenisvolle rol gespeel het. Die verligte invloed in die NP het bygedra tot die hervorming van apartheid, wat tydens die Vorster en P.W. Botha-eras geïmplementeer is. Toenemende spanning in die land gedurende die 1980's het tot groeiende ontevredenheid in die NP gelei, wat aanleiding tot die ontstaan van 'n linkse groep, bekend as die "nuwe Nattes" gegee het. As pragmatis, kon F.W. de Klerk nie die toenemende vereistes vir indringende hervormings van die verligtes en "nuwe Nattes" ignoreer nie. Hy het daarin geslaag om die twee faksies, wat voortaan as die verligtes bekend sou staan, binne die NP saam te snoer. Die 1990's het die era vir onderhandelinge vir 'n nuwe demokratiese politieke bedeling vir Suid-Afrika ingelui. Die groep verligtes het in daardie vroeë stadium van die onderhandelinge nie die beginsel van 'n meerderheidsregering nie, maar eerder magsdeling ondersteun. De Klerk en die verligtes se doelstellings aangaande die verlangde uitkoms van die onderhandelinge het mettertyd begin verskil. De Klerk wou minderheids- of groepsregte behou, met ander woorde magsdeling, terwyl die verligtes begin glo het dat die ANC se groot ondersteuning 'n meerderheidsregering tot gevolg sou hê en dat individuele regte eerder as groepsregte ondersteun moes word. Die verligtes is tot dié paradigmaskuif in politieke denke gedwing weens druk op politieke, ekonomiese en demografiese realiteite. De Klerk moes weens druk ook uiteindelik tot dié politieke denke toegee. Alhoewel hierdie uiteenlopende doelstellings tot gevolg gehad het dat 'n demokratiese oorgangsgrondwet met vele tekortkominge tot stand gekom het, het dit ook aanleiding tot 'n vreedsame verkiesing gegee.

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/content/hist/53/1/EJC38297
2008-05-01
2016-12-02
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