Historia - Volume 56, Issue 1, 2011
Volumes & issues
Volume 56, Issue 1, 2011
Author Peter LimbSource: Historia 56, pp 1 –25 (2011)More Less
The breadth of themes that Terence Ranger has helped pioneer is as impressive as the influence of his scholarship is trans-national. The scope of his interventions ranges from urban to rural history, from political and social history and biography to religion, spirituality and culture to the environment, human rights, and wars.
Author Friday MufuziSource: Historia 56, pp 26 –41 (2011)More Less
A number of scholars have explored the development of the Livingstone Museum and the role it played in colonial and post-colonial Zambia. Those who did so during the colonial period include Brelsford, Clark, Gluckman, Jones, Humphrey and Clay. They discussed the evolution of museums in general, noting that firstly, their purpose was to acquire, select and preserve material culture; secondly, to add knowledge; and thirdly to diffuse that knowledge to the general public. They also highlighted the origins of Livingstone Museum, the reasons for its establishment and the policy governing it during its formative years.
Author Frederick Gordon BrownellSource: Historia 56, pp 42 –62 (2011)More Less
Over the past century, distinctive flags have been devised for and adopted by South Africa on three occasions. These were progressive steps and in each instance the flags addressed both a current need in the constitutional development of South Africa, and marked a key milestone in the country's flag history. The first of these came soon after Union in 1910 and followed a standard pattern applied throughout the British Empire. The second saw the hoisting in 1928 of a distinctive national flag, in recognition of South Africa's independent status.
Grandmother-martyr-heroine : placing Sara Baartman in South African post-apartheid foundational mythologyAuthor Simone KerseboomSource: Historia 56, pp 63 –76 (2011)More Less
In July 1810, a Gonaqua woman bearing the colonial name Sara Baartman, arrived in England after a journey that brought her to Europe from her native southern Africa. After spending five years on display on European stages in England and France as the "Hottentot Venus", Sara passed away at the end of 1815 in Paris. In January 1816, one of Europe's foremost scientists, Georges Cuvier, dissected the remains of Sara Baartman. Cuvier concluded in his study published in 1817 in the Histoire naturelle des mammiferes - a volume about the studies of mammals in which Baartman was the only human represented - that the "Hottentot" body was more closely related to the great apes than to the human species. A cast was made of Baartman's body; her skeleton, genitals and brain were removed and preserved and subsequently displayed at the Musée de l'Homme in Paris until the 1970s.
Author Ria Van Der MerweSource: Historia 56, pp 77 –100 (2011)More Less
One of the key elements that nationalist ideologues have used over the last two centuries as a mobilising force is "a highly stylised symbolic identity of ideal womanhood to which the ordinary women of the nation are meant to conform or at least to aspire". Women are called upon to be mothers, not only of their private families, but of the "super-family" that is the nation. In Afrikaner nationalism this translated into the image of the volksmoeder. During a time of immense turmoil and change, Afrikaner women had to be, in the words of D.F. Malan, then leader of the National Party in the Cape Province, the constructive force of the nation as "no nation can be built by the sword alone; the trowel must feature too. The woman works with the trowel in a constructive manner, particularly in the social terrain, the terrain of education and health". After considering the genesis of the concept volksmoeder and various reflections on it, this article will look at the tertiary education of women, specifically at the University of Pretoria (UP). Firstly, the position of women as defined by Afrikaner nationalism and how it manifested at UP will be discussed. Secondly, it will consider the causes and implications of Afrikaner women's move away from their designated role and place and whether this shedding of their traditional image lead to the undermining of Afrikaner nationalist ideals.
Author P.S. ThompsonSource: Historia 56, pp 101 –137 (2011)More Less
The Great War in Natal was chiefly the concern of the British community. The war effort in the province was entirely in the hands of English-speaking settler elite, which, as we shall see, displayed great diligence and zeal in the imperial cause. This is the thesis of this article on the Natal home front during the First World War. The article is also an assay of published sources on the topic. It is not a work of original research, but a survey of primary and secondary literature, which is remarkably sparse and fragmentary (as the notes will indicate) in spite of the significance of the subject, and therefore it marks a starting point for further research in the field on the eve of the centenary.
Author Pieter De KlerkSource: Historia 56, pp 138 –152 (2011)More Less
In 2010 is die totstandkoming van die Unie van Suid-Afrika 'n eeu tevore, in herinnering geroep. Voor 1910 was die gebied waaruit Suid-Afrika tans bestaan, in verskillende politieke eenhede verdeel. Uit die geskiedskrywing blyk dit dat die unifikasie van Suid-Afrika 'n ingrypende invloed op die ontwikkeling van die land gehad het en beskou kan word as die begin van 'n nuwe tydvak.
Herinneringe : diegene wat my besiel en beïnvloed het
Reminiscences : those who inspired and influenced me
Editing Historia and the legacy of Professor Floors van JaarsveldAuthor F.A. MoutonSource: Historia 56, pp 153 –154 (2011)More Less
In 1980, as an undergraduate at the University of Pretoria, I was introduced to Historia. The journal had been administered and edited by the university's History Department since its founding in 1956 by the Historical Association of South Africa to encourage history at school level. After I was appointed as a temporary junior lecturer in the department in 1983, I assisted with the administration of Historia.
Interessante nuwe terrein
Riding High : Horses, Humans and History in South Africa, Sandra Swart : boekresensieAuthor Con De WetSource: Historia 56, pp 155 –158 (2011)More Less
Sandra Swart is mede-professor in Geskiedenis aan die Universiteit van Stellenbosch met 'n DPhil in Omgewingsgeskiedenis en 'n MSc in Omgewingsverandering, albei van die Universiteit van Oxford. Sy het reeds artikels oor 'n verskeidenheid van onderwerpe gepubliseer, maar haar besondere belangstelling is sosiale en omgewingsgeskiedenis in Suider-Afrika en veral die rol wat diere daarin gespeel het. Sy was medeskrywer en redakteur van twee publikasies oor hierdie onderwerp, naamlik Breeds of Empire (saam met Geoff Bankoff) en Canis Africanis: A Dog History of Southern Africa (as mederedakteur saam met Lance van Sittert). Die publikasie onder bespreking is 'n samevatting van verskeie van haar artikels wat voorheen in tydskifte verskyn het.
Long overdue publication
The Politics of a South African Frontier : The Griqua, the Sotho-Tswana, and the Missionaries, 1780-1840, Martin Chatfield Legassick : book reviewAuthor Jared McDonaldSource: Historia 56, pp 159 –161 (2011)More Less
For those familiar with South African historiography and in particular its revisionist trend which emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Martin Legassick's doctoral thesis, The Politics of a South African Frontier: The Griqua, the Sotho-Tswana, and the Missionaries, 1780-1840, requires no introduction. This landmark thesis, submitted in 1969 to the University of California at Los Angeles, has become one of the most influential studies on the late eighteenth and early nineteenth-century South African frontier. Given that it is one of the "most widely cited dissertations in Southern African historiography" (p ix), it is indeed surprising that it is only now, some 40 years after its original production, that this masterful work has been published.
What have we here?
The Struggle for the Eastern Cape, 1800-1854 : Subjugation and the Roots of South African Democracy, Democracy in Africa Series, Vol. 1, Martin Legassick : book reviewAuthor V.C. MalherbeSource: Historia 56, pp 162 –164 (2011)More Less
What have we here? This reviewer found the product very different from what she expected, after reading the publisher's stated intention, with its Democracy in Africa Series, to develop "a series of books to address issues of democracy on the continent. The aim ... is to contribute to the discourse on the consolidation of democracy in Africa." With that in mind, I looked for references to the large body of work on the topic, for example, books or edited volumes by P.J. Hountondji, by P.A. Nyong'o, by Mahmood Mamdani and Ernest Wamba-dia-Wamba, and so on. There are none. If the author has good reasons for excluding such "discourse" from his own discussion it would be helpful to readers to understand that choice.
Author W.A. CruywagenSource: Historia 56, pp 164 –166 (2011)More Less
Daar is 'n volgehoue en groeiende belangstelling in genealogie oftewel familiekunde en familiegeskiedenis, soos ook daarna verwys word, onder Suid-Afrikaners. Diepgaande genealogiese navorsing is egter 'n gedugte en tydrowende taak. Daarom is gepubliseerde bronne 'n onontbeerlike hulpmiddel vir die belangstellende of amateur-genealoog wat iets oor sy of haar familie wil saamstel.
New light on the camps
Teachers for South Africa. New Zealand Women at the South African War Concentration Camps, Ellen Ellis : book reviewAuthor Elizabeth Van HeyningenSource: Historia 56, pp 166 –168 (2011)More Less
In June 1902, just as the South African War ended, 20 New Zealand women landed in Durban to teach in the concentration camps. Although they arrived so late, they were deployed to the camps, mainly in Durban. That is not the end of the story, however for, after the war, most went up to the Transvaal where they taught in a variety of town and country schools. This book explores a little-known aspect of the camps, for the staff have been largely ignored in the literature.
Comprehensive and sensitive study
Rape : A History from 1860 to the Present, Joanna Bourke : book reviewAuthor Jessica MurraySource: Historia 56, pp 168 –170 (2011)More Less
Joanna Burke's comprehensive and sensitive study of the history of rape offers an invaluable resource for a range of scholars who do research on gender and sexual aggression. Her text is both meticulously researched and accessible to readers beyond academia. The prevalence of rape in the South African context makes this a subject matter that continues to attract considerable scholarly attention.