n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Perception of risk and action taken to avoid HIV / AIDS infection among students in a high-risk state

Volume 11, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



The paper presents the findings of an investigation into adolescents' sexual behaviour and action taken to avoid infection among JSS students of Otukpo Local Government Area of Benue State-the state with the highest HIV infection rate in Nigeria. Several types of questionnaire were deployed to collect the data. The questions have a high reliability because they have been used in studies on school children in Uganda. Response to the survey questions were coded for computer analysis frequencies. Two-way table methods including chi-square test for independence were used to determine if there was a significant difference between those who reported that they have not had sex and those who reported that they had sex. The difference was significant (<I>p</I><0.05). There was also quite a statistically significant difference between those who had taken actions and those who had not (<I>p</I><. 001). There was a very strong indication that increasing knowledge results in safer behaviour (<I>p</I><. 029). In the light of the findings, recommendations were made to remedy the situation and implications for further research were generated.

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