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- Volume 12, Issue 1, 2004
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 12, Issue 1, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 12, Issue 1, 2004
Author Bill B. PuplampuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 1 –6 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 1 BELLING THE CAT - TOWARDS A TAXONOMY OF ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE IN GHANA: A RESEARCH NOTE BILL B. PUPLAMPU, School of Administration, University of Ghana P.O. Box LG78, Legon GHANA firstname.lastname@example.org Introduction This paper presents on-going research into organisational culture in Ghana. The literature on Organisational Culture is vast and voluminous (Kotter & Heskett, 1992; Siegal, 1998; Brown, 1995). This literature is, however, largely dominated by Western conceptualisations and classifications. Hofstede's work on the impact of national culture on organisations (1980 onwards) has served to highlight the interaction between the culture of a country or region and that of ..
From psychology of race to issue of skin color : Western trivialization and peoples of African descentAuthor R.E. HallSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 7 –17 (2004)More Less
In the aftermath of Western domination is the trivialization of skin color as significant issue among peoples of African descent. Regrettably, research by psychologists the world over emphasize race in the study of human social conditions. Despite the fact that race is increasingly irrelevant Western psychologists continually adhere to it and are at a severe disadvantage. Oblivious to the implications of skin color their attempts to comprehend stereotypes, discrimination and various issues attributed to race vis-à-vis African peoples is an exercise in futility. It is not compulsory to discard Western perspectives at the expense of social fact, but psychologists should familiarize themselves with African perspectives as a critical point of reference to the social issues of African descended people. In sustaining the integrity and prestige of the profession will require concepts and a perspective less confined to Western domination.
Students' impression of the learner support system of the University of Education, Winneba (UEW), distance education programmeAuthor Anthony MensahSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 18 –32 (2004)More Less
This article describes the results of a survey undertaken to identify the impressions of the students of the University of Education, Winneba distance programme on how their learner support systems have so far been implemented. The focus of the study was on all the two hundred and fifty (250) students of the first two batches of the B.Ed. programmes. Data was collected using direct administration of questionnaire by the researcher. Questions were raised to find out the views expressed by the male and female students. Findings of the study indicated that the impressions of both male and female students of the UEW distance education programme on how the learner support services were rendered to them were almost the same. A number of recommendations are made. These include the need to hold face-to-face tutorial sessions on either the first or the second Saturday of the month instead of the last Saturday; tutors for the face-to-face tutorial sessions should be discouraged from re-teaching the content of the course books; and tutors must provide helpful and encouraging feedback on students' written assignments.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 33 –39 (2004)More Less
This study investigated adolescent impulsivity, parenting styles and marital satisfaction as determinants of parent-adolescent conflict in the home. 120 adolescents and 120 parents drawn from Lagos and Ibadan were used in the study. 5 scales were used in data collection; Onuoha (2001) authouritative/authoritarian parenting styles scale, Emelogu (2002) parent-adolescent conflict scale (adolescent version), Olapegba-Emelogu (2002) adolescent impulsivity scale, Mehrbian (1998) marital satisfaction scale and parent version of the parent-adolescent conflict scale by Emelogu (2002). 2-way ANOVA and Pearson r were used in analyzing the data. There was significant interaction of adolescent impulsivity, authoritative parenting and marital satisfaction on parent-adolescent conflict. The results as well revealed that authoritarian parenting is significantly related to parent-adolescent conflict. It is therefore suggested that a good conflict management mechanism be put in place to reduce conflict to a manageable level.
Redefining work and nonwork : a qualitative study comparing the literature and women's subjective experience of work and nonworkAuthor Chantal EpieSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 40 –73 (2004)More Less
This qualitative study based on interviews with ten Nigerian women confirms the subjective nature of work and nonwork. Results suggest that the concepts of work and nonwork may evolve with changing life circumstances. For unmarried interviewees, work was closely linked to paid employment and nonwork was mostly unpaid, non-obligatory activity, as in the bulk of the literature; the obligation acquired in exchange for pay was their criterion for work. The married interviewees with two or more children held a much wider concept of work that covered also the home, family and voluntary work, and synthesized the diverse definitions found in the literature with an added emphasis on responsibility. They defined nonwork essentially as relaxation. Effort, purpose and sense of responsibility were their criteria for work.
Brain fag syndrome among Nigerian undergraduates : present status and association with personality and psychosocial factorsAuthor F.O. FatoyeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 74 –85 (2004)More Less
The study investigated the current prevalence of the Brain Fag Syndrome (BFS) and its relationship with personality and psychosocial variables among randomly selected students in a Nigerian university. The Brain Fag Syndrome Scale (BFSS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), 30-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) and a questionnaire on sociodemographic variables were administered on 2600 undergraduates. The questionnaires of 2508 respondents were analysed using simple percentage, Pearson's r correlation, Chi-square test and Student t-test. The findings show that the prevalence rate of the syndrome was 38.9% in the study population. There were significant positive correlations between the BFS and the Neuroticism and Psychoticism factors of the EPQ but not with the Extroversion - introversion dimension. The GHQ-30 was also positively correlated with the BFSS. Also, respondents who were positive for the BFS were more likely to report financial strain and rate their physical health poorer than those who were negative. However, significant differences were not observed between the two groups on gender, type of family, place of domicile, level of study and on whether the relationship between their parents was strained or not. The findings give more insight into the complex mechanisms involved in the generation of the BFS and have implications for preventive psychiatry.
Author J.K. AboagyeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 86 –102 (2004)More Less
The study focused on the current debate on the handing over of schools to the missions. Using a sample size comprising 233 teachers/headteachers, 50 circuit supervisors, twelve District Directors and Circuit supervisors, twelve District Directors of education and six regional managers data was collected through questionnaire and interviews. Majority of the respondents (80%) were of the view that secularization of education in Ghana was not the best option and that missions / churches should be given a hand in school management. There were instances of personality clashes, role conflicts and lack of proper personal relationships between officers of the two managing units. It was recommended that regional, district, and local managers should be given proper job descriptions.
Author Sucharita GadreSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 103 –111 (2004)More Less
Project aims to study social intelligence of the gifted and average students in different school environments varying on the dimension of enrichment. Two enriched environment and two non-enriched environment schools were selected from fifteen different schools that were studied for existing school environment. General Intelligence tests were used for selecting gifted and average students. Top 5% students were selected as gifted where as middle 50% were selected as average. The performance of these students on social intelligence tests was compared to identify the differences on two interacting dimensions. Intellectual potential and school climate. This comparison showed that enriched school environment was advantageous for the development of social intelligence among average students. In case of gifted students observed mean differences were insignificant. However, frequency analysis using chi-squire revealed that synergistic interaction between high genetic potential and enriched school environment results in the formation of small intra group clusters. Replication of the study in other places both inside and outside the country may be useful in identifying the sub cultural influences.
Author Adeniyi OlatunbosunSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 112 –125 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 112 THE SOCIO-LEGAL ANALYSIS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND KINDRED OFFENCES* ADENIYI OLATUNBOSUN Department of International Law Faculty of Law Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife Introduction: Sexual harassment is an unwanted, persistent conducts of a sexual nature expressed by words, look and/or actions by a person against another person which offend and distress the person at which it is aimed. It takes many forms ranging from different types of behaviour such as: unwanted display of sexually offensive materials, different acts of intimidation, unwanted physical touch, kiss, pat or any other such gesture, unwanted obscene jokes and insinuations, use of offensive body ..
Author C.O. ChovwenSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 126 –132 (2004)More Less
This study investigated the influence of mentoring on professional growth of women and result indicated that although protégé/mentoring relationship was not formally constituted in most organizations it was found to be a significant predictor of growth and participants with mentors perceived they experienced higher growth than those without mentors.
Author R.B. AsagbaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 133 –137 (2004)More Less
The importance of logotherapy has been neglected in the clinical practice in Nigeria. This paper raises some important aspects of logotherapy, which have not been ta ken into consideration. For instance, there is the issue of using knowledge and wisdom in logotherapy. Other issues are the great emphasis of responsibility of the client/patient, especially the encouragement of self-help of individuals and normalization. These important key issues are geared towards the spiritual dimension of individual patients in the clinical practice.
Leprosy sufferers' perception of social stigma as a determinant of their beggary lifestyle in Delta StateAuthor Christian EwhrudjakporSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 138 –148 (2004)More Less
This study aimed at relating leprosy sufferers perception of social stigma to their lifestyles. Eighty leprosy affected persons comprising males and females drawn from Delta State Government Tuberculosis and Leprosy Referral Center participated in this study. A focus group discussion schedule containing information about knowledge-belief-practices of leprosy and its sufferers was the instrument used to determine the relationship between the participants perception of leprosy social stigma and their lifestyles. The discussions were subjected to the multidimensional scaling technique. The results showed that social stigmatization of leprosy patients in their indigenous communities truly determines their beggary lifestyles after treatment. However, in order to facilitate changing lifestyles of target groups, a holistic model was proposed to effectively rehabilitate leprosy patients.