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- Volume 13, Issue 1, 2005
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 13, Issue 1, 2005
Volumes & issues
Volume 13, Issue 1, 2005
Author E'nzuva-Ya-Tsuva WavoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 1 –10 (2005)More Less
This study investigated attitudes toward the English language of 1007 ninthgrade Chinese students and its relationship with the English performance in order to assist teachers in making learning the English language more effective for a larger group of learners. T-test was calculated to compare the means of students according to gender attitudes. Results indicated that male and female students differed in their attitudes toward English language. T-test was also calculated on the gender difference of students according to the different sources of influences. Results indicated that females and males did not differ. ANOVA indicated significant differences between different schools in language attitude. The Pearson Correlation examined the relationship between attitudes toward English language and performance in English and revealed that the high performance of Chinese students in English language was related to their positive attitudes toward it.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 11 –23 (2005)More Less
The study investigated the effectiveness of goal-setting and self-efficacy on the job-seeking behaviour of unemployed graduates. The intervention strategies were crossed with gender as a moderator variable using pre- and post-test experimental control group design. Data analysis involved analysis of covariance and Scheffe post-hoc measures. The result indicates that there was a significant treatment effect on the job-seeking behaviour of the subjects. The treatment gain was however not mediated by the subjects' gender. The results indicate the need to help the unemployed sharpened their job-seeking behaviour.
Organisational commitment, job satisfaction and turnover intentions among records management personnel in Ondo State Civil Service, NigeriaAuthor S.O. PopoolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 24 –38 (2005)More Less
This study investigated organisational commitment, job satisfaction and turnover intentions among records management personnel in Ondo State Civil Service, Akure, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw 240 subjects from a population size of 275 records management personnel. Three standardised research instruments were used for data gathering. Five hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. <br>The results showed that: there was no significant difference between organisational commitment of the open and confidential registry staff; there was significant negative relationship between job satisfaction and turnover intentions; significant positive relationship existed between job satisfaction and organisational commitment; and there was significant interaction effect of job satisfaction and turnover intentions on organisational commitment of the subjects. It was recommended that attractive conditions of service may enhance job satisfaction and organisational commitment as well as reduce turnover intentions of the records management personnel in the Ondo State Civil Service, Akure.
Environmental education for sustainable development in developing societies : the role of school teachersSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 39 –54 (2005)More Less
This paper examined the concept of environment from different perspectives - environmentalist, ecologist, and educationist: It also examined environmental education, as the process of educating people / citizens about matters and issues that affect the environment - such as the homes, villages, cities, farmlands, water supplies, forests and weather; whose ultimate goal is for human values and behaviour, right across the entire social spectrum, from that of over exploitation of nature and ecological apathy, to a new spirit, habits, morals, ethics, ideals, principles, customs and life styles. <br>Sustainable development is conceived as the development that meets the needs of the present generation, while guaranteeing the future needs of the unborn. This paper looked at the prevailing conditions in the developing Third World countries, and thereafter submitted that school teachers will play an invaluable role in disseminating the much needed information, aimed at imparting desirable environmental attitudes to the society at large, for the overall benefit of all.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 55 –73 (2005)More Less
Author A.Y. AlukoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 74 –100 (2005)More Less
The crisis of development in the education sector in Africa has been topical for more than a decade. Attention has focused specially on gender disparities because female education has been visibly threatened by the crisis. In Nigeria, for example, the crisis has worsened since the introduction of the series of economic stabilization measures, increasing poverty, and political instability, which has resulted in the widening of the gender disparity in school enrolment right from the primary school level to tertiary level. There is at least 10% disparity between the enrolment of males and females in favour of males (Afonja, 1997). <br>This paper, therefore, examines why and how gender continues to play a major role in determining who goes to school, how well they do, and how far they progress. Specifically, it examines the major social factors underlying gender variations of school enrolment in Nigeria. The causes of the gender differentials in literacy and enrollments are grouped into three categories, macro-societal level factors such as the political economy, social policy, geographical, socio-cultural and religions values; household level and school related factors.
Mothers' self- evaluation, attribution in parenting and coping strategies on child externalizing behaviour in Ibadan, NigeriaAuthor G.A. AdejuwonSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 101 –112 (2005)More Less
This study investigated the influence of mother's self- evaluation, attribution in parenting and coping strategies on children's (age 2-6 years) externalizing behaviour. Two hundred (200) nursing mothers with a mean age of 30.25, (SD 10.67) years were randomly selected for the study. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. Independent t-test and multiple regression analyses were used to test the hypotheses. <br>The result indicates that children whose mothers report low selfevaluation showed significantly higher externalizing behaviour than children whose mothers reported high self-evaluation (t 198=18.581, p<. 05. Children whose mothers reported external attribution in parenting showed more externalizing behaviour (mean =34.94) than children whose mothers reported internal attribution in parenting (mean = 29.75 t 198 = -7.547, P<. 05). Mothers' self-evaluation, attribution in parenting and coping strategies had significant joint effect on children's externalizing behaviour (F 7, 167 =14.682; p<. 007). Also self-evaluation (F 1, 167 = 6.411 p <. 012) and attribution in parenting (F 1, 167 = 9.485 p< .002) had significant main effect on child externalizing behaviour. <br>It was concluded that mothers should have a better understanding of their roles as parents to reduce tendency for externalizing behaviour in children. There is a need for individuals going into parenthood to have basic knowledge of child development and child management skills through appropriate parenting programmes to ensure positive future adult lives for their children.
Author B. OgungbamilaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 113 –122 (2005)More Less
The road to African's self-development and economic emancipation is made rough by low technological advancement, foreign-dependent economy, political instability, social insecurity, and religious gullibility. At the centre of these factors is the human element. Despite the realization of the pivotal role of the human element in the development of any society, Africans are yet to initiate and implement programmes for the development of the continent. This paper implicates colonialism and imperialism in Africans' inadequate zeal for self-determination. It explores how the colonialists (and to a large extent the neocolonialists), methodically, tailored their activities, through psychologic imperialism, toward making negative indelible marks in the perceptions of Africans. Consequently, Africans have a negative impression of themselves and their abilities to solve their problems independently. This re-appraisal of the methods and processes of colonialism reveals a long-term African subservience plan. It is, therefore, suggested that Africa can only develop when the citizens think positively of themselves, conceive common goals, and galvanize the available human and material resources to achieve such national and continental goals.
Author K.A. EtseySource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 123 –135 (2005)More Less
The purpose of this paper is to provide African educational practitioners with the theoretical platform for performance assessment and to provide suggestions on how to handle the problems associated with assessing performance in schools. Weaknesses and deficiencies in the traditional objective-type and essay-type tests, which have been used to assess students' cognitive behaviours over the ages, have led educational practitioners to advocate for other means of assessing students. The call has been for a move from assessment in the cognitive domain to the psychomotor domain. This paper discusses the strengths and limitations of performance assessment which focuses on students' demonstration of what they can 'do' or a demonstration of their 'hands on' activities. Techniques of constructing performance tests and methods of scoring are discussed as well as suggestions on dealing with the problems associated with assessing performance in schools.
Students' psychosocial perception of science laboratory environments in Ghanaian senior secondary schoolsAuthor Joseph Ghartey AmpiahSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 136 –151 (2005)More Less
This paper reports on a study that focused on students' perception of their science laboratory environment in Satellite and Science Resource Centre (SRC) senior secondary schools in the Central Region of Ghana. Data was obtained with the Science Laboratory Environment Questionnaire, administered on 338 third year science students. Four factors were found to influence students' perception of their science laboratory environment. Two distinct material environments emerged, which have not been reported in the literature. The findings revealed that students' general perception of their science laboratory environments in both school types were positive but significantly different in favour of those in SRC schools. The findings suggest that serious efforts must be made by the Ministry of Education (MOE) to improve the material environment, particularly, in Satellite schools. These schools lack the necessary facilities required to perform science practical activities. The acquisition of manipulative and recording skills which are tied to the context of a laboratory and emphasised by the MOE and the West African Examinations Council will continue to be lacking if this is not done.
Inner meaning fulfilment along differences in age, ethnicity, and educational background of the University of Ibadan studentsAuthor Rachel B. AsagbaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 152 –169 (2005)More Less
The increasing reports of maladaptive behaviour patterns exhibited by our various territary institutions in Nigeria had led to various responses from different relevant authorities. In the process of finding solution to these social menace, the study sought to find out inner meaning fulfillment (IMF) demographic variables such as age, ethnicity and educational background. There were eight hundred and eighty-five (885) participants with mean age of 26.2 years and a standard deviation of 6.0 and age range from 15 - 60 years. The IMF scale (Logotest), which is a questionnaire format was used for the data collection in a survey/ex-post facto design with randomly selected students within the university community. The findings were discussed in terms of the above three demographic variables differences in students' IMF. Implications of the findings were highlighted, discussed and suggestions made for the relevant authority in all the territary institutions in this country.
Author Joshua AborSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 170 –187 (2005)More Less
In Sub-Saharan Africa, developments in information and communication technology are radically changing the way business is done. These developments in technology have resulted in new delivery channels for banking products and services such as Automated Teller Machines (ATMs), Telephone Banking, PC-Banking, and Electronic Funds Transfer at Point of Sale (EFTPoS). This study evaluates the perceptions of banking customers regarding the effect of technological innovations on banking services in Ghana. The study focused on customers with banks that have at least one form of technological innovation. The results of the study generally indicate that, technological innovation or electronic delivery channels have contributed positively to the provision of banking services and the growth of the Ghanaian banking industry.
Author Abiodun M. GesindeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 188 –199 (2005)More Less
This study investigated the combined and separate contributions of child, family, school, society, and government factors to truant behaviour of secondary school students in Oyo State. Five hundred and forty students were selected from the three senatorial districts of Oyo State through multi-stage and purposive sampling techniques. Four validated instruments were used to gather data from the subjects. Multiple regression analysis and t-test statistic were use to analyse the data. The findings indicated that all the independent variables taken together correlated significantly with the dependent variable .The results also revealed that the five independent variables jointly accounted for 66.0% of the observed variance in truant behaviour .The results also indicated that each of the five independent variables contributed to the prediction of the dependent variable. Government variable made the highest contribution to the prediction of truant behaviour followed by school; child; society and family factors in that order of potency level. Based on these findings, the study recommended that counselling and educational psychologists give adequate consideration to these five aetiological factors in their attempts to develop workable intervention strategies that would combat truant behaviour of students.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 200 –213 (2005)More Less
Past research has investigated and demonstrated the benefits for students who are involved in extracurricular activities. However, the research focused primarily on participation in social, academic, and athletic organizations. The impact of student involvement in religious organizations is yet to be determined. In addition, it is only recently that religious support has been identified as a unique and valid source of social support. Thus, the role that student involvement in religious organizations plays in student's perception of social support remains unclear. In this study, it was expected that religious involvement would predict perceived religious support. It was also hypothesized that perceived religious support would be positively related to perceived friend, perceived family support, and overall social support. Results of the study show that religious involvement predicted perceived religious support, and perceived religious support was positively related to perceived friend support and perceived family support. Implications for future research in higher education are discussed.
Author A. Oyesoji AremuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 214 –226 (2005)More Less
This paper encapsulates a synthesis of the research findings of the author on Nigerian police from 1996 to date. The synthesized research works were conducted on an educated sample of police population in Nigeria. Approximately, a two-third of this sample was drawn from the South West, Nigeria. The purpose of the paper is twofold: to widen the present frontier of knowledge on police science in Nigeria, and to advance some emerging implications with a view to proffering some basic behaviour counseling education (BCE). The paper protocol includes:<ul> <li> genesis of police <li>ideological basis of police organization <li>the author's synthesized findings, <li>evolving behavioural theory of policing, <li>emerging implications, and <li>Suggested behavioural counseling education.</ul>
Author P.N. IbeaghaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 227 –236 (2005)More Less
This study designed a new approach to toilet training in the pursuit of healthy habits and healthful-living practices among the rural communities. The subjects were 100 mother and their infants of six months old from rural communities. The subjects were divided into four groups, 25 were nursing their first infant, 25 their second infant, 25 their third infant and a control group of 25 subjects. The mothers were educated on taking their infant along with them whenever they want to use the toilet and to clean up and wash their hands in the presence of infants. This was continued for eighteen months. The result demonstrated the importance of modeling in behaviour acquisition. Subjects preferred this method of toilet training processes to other methods known and used by them. At 3 years, the practice of using the toilet and hand washing still endured among those infants. This finding has implication for Nigeria children and their caregivers.
Author Franca OvadjeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 237 –241 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... 237 BOOK REVIEW - by Dr. Franca Ovadje Lagos Business School BUILDING THE TEAM by Chantal Epie In 1939, Chester Barnard wrote in his classic book, The Functions of the Executive, "organizations are cooperative systems". Cooperation is central to the purpose of organizations. If each one of us could satisfy our needs working alone, there would be no organizations. The need for collaboration is even greater in today's highly competitive and global marketplace. Organizations need a large pool of talented people if they are to survive and thrive. Today more than ever before, team work has to be more ..
Viktor Frankl, the man I have been opportuned to meet : a lesson to Africans : tribute to Viktor Frankl (1905-1997)Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 13, pp 242 –245 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... 242 VIKTOR FRANKL, THE MAN I HAVE BEEN OPPORTUNED TO MEET: A LESSON TO AFRICANS Tribute to Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) The 26th of March, 2005 would have been Viktor Frankl's hundredth year birthday. This occasion will be commemorated by many individuals from very many countries and all walks of life. I have already received the program of the international congress in Vienna April 1-3, 2005 from the director of the ABILE institute in Vienna, Austria. However, many activities are set by various associations and societies for March 2005 till the end of the year in Vienna. As a result of ..