n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Transformational and transactional leadership conceptualization : empirical validation in the Nigerian applied settings

Volume 13, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



The study to revalidated and re-examined the factor structure and the conceptualization of the transformational and transactional leadership for a possible application to the study of leadership in Nigerian applied settings. Data were collected from 212 employees (160 males and 52 females) who rated eight CEOs (4 males and 4 females) of diverse organizations. Results showed that the various conceptualizations of leadership of the MLQ - 1 are useful and relevant in measuring leadership in Nigeria. Principal factor rotation revealed supports for a 5-factor representation on the MLQ-1 in which three factors namely charismatic leadership, individualised consideration and intellectual stimulation were found on the transformational leadership and two factors on the transactional leadership namely contingent reward and management-by-exception. There was a stronger evidence in support of a 2-factor Active-Passive Structure on the MLQ. Needs for further validation and correlation of the conceptualizations with varieties of organizational outcomes as well as executive selection, training and development were suggested.

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