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- Volume 16, Issue 1, 2008
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 16, Issue 1, 2008
Volumes & issues
Volume 16, Issue 1, 2008
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 1 –16 (2008)More Less
This research tested the hypotheses that forgiveness in collectivist China is influenced by the salience of the interdependent self and other-oriented personality factors rather than the salience of the independent self or individually oriented personality factors as in the Western literature. The relationships between forgiveness and some emic personality variables including Ren Qing (relationship orientation), Inner Peace of Mind, Interpersonal Harmony, Saving Self's Face, Saving Other's Face, Anxiety, and Independent / Interdependent Conceptions of Self were investigated with a sample of 316 college students from the People's Republic of China. Examination of correlates between measures of those scales and the Chinese-Mullet Forgiveness Questionnaire showed that, as predicted, forgiveness was strongly related with Interpersonal Harmony, Saving Other's Face, Relationship Orientation, and the salience of the Interdependent Self, but no significant relationships were found with other personality correlates.
Impact of core values on motivating future employees : an empirical investigation of university undergraduatesSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 17 –33 (2008)More Less
This paper examines the roles that core values can play in helping to moderate extrinsic and intrinsic motivating factors in future employees. Using a sample of students of the Departments of Accounting, Business and Economics from a private University in Nigeria, the results show a significant difference in the level of extrinsic motivation among the students but no significant difference was observed in the intrinsic motivating factors. Furthermore, accounting students were found to be more motivated extrinsically and intrinsically. These results are not consistent with prior research evidence but are ascribed to the paradigm shift in the curriculum of the private University with special emphasis on the teaching of a set of core values. Finally, this study identifies the implications of the new evidence on recruitment and retention policies of organization.
Author Andrew E. MarxSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 34 –56 (2008)More Less
This paper aims to identify the critical success factors of suggestion systems. In doing so, it could be used as a guideline in starting up a suggestion system or to contribute to a more successful existing system. A literature study approach is followed to establish which factors contribute to the success and failure of various suggestion systems. It was found that fourteen factors seem to contribute to the success of any suggestion system. Although all the factors are not equally important, they all contribute to the success of the system. All employees have ideas regardless of whether or not the environment is conducive but the employee will only submits it if the environment is seen as supportive. That means that the organisation that wishes to have a successful suggestion system must be creative and innovative.
Practical implications are that a suggestion system can be a very powerful management tool. Employees are an excellent source of ideas but there should be a supportive culture that encourages ideas. The system must be well organised and take into account all the critical factors that might have an influence. It is important to start off well when launching a new system. It is more difficult to revive an old one. The value of the paper firstly, shows the importance of creativity and innovation within the organisation's own culture and the framework of a formal suggestion system. Secondly, it emphasizes the importance of the development of ideas. It also identifies the hurdles and difficulties that hampered the development of ideas and the transition there of into suggestions.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 57 –72 (2008)More Less
This study examined the relationship between innovative ability of manufacturing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and some determinants of innovation in Nigeria. The study was based on a sample survey consisting of 100 SMEs in the manufacturing sector in the cities of Lagos and Ibadan, southwestern part of Nigeria. Using structured questionnaires, the data were collected from the owner-managers of the SMEs. The findings indicate that there was a significant relationship between innovative ability and the determinants relating to entrepreneur's characteristics. These determinants were entrepreneur commitment to innovation, and seeking and gathering support for innovation within the organisation. These determinants were able to explain 57% of the variance in the innovative ability of respondents. The result of the study shows that one of the critical factors to innovative ability among the manufacturing SMEs will be a positive disposition of the entrepreneur to build an enduring environment, particularly within the organization, that will help to nurture and sustain innovation.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 73 –91 (2008)More Less
The environmental and social political context of a university may have direct import on factors that can create conflict situations among the various groups that make up the university; academic, non academic and university administration. Consequently this paper takes a critical assessment of six universities (private, state and federal universities) selected in the Western part of Nigeria in order to assess the factors that have led to intergroup conflicts between these groups using university ownership as a critical variable of analysis. A total of 58 in-depth interviews were conducted with representatives and stakeholders of the various groups (academic, non-academic and the university administration) who were purposively selected from six universities selected on the basis of ownership. The findings of this study revealed that there are basically similar causes of intergroup conflicts identified by the three groups on the basis of ownership. Hence, the academic, and non-academic staff had similar views with regards to causes of intergroup conflicts. The disclosed contrary to the notion generally held that private universities are relatively less fraught with intergroup conflicts, the paper conluded that information obtained from these private universities on the factors precipitating intergruop conflicts among these groups was given with utmost caution and (especially by the university administration) since there was a dire need to project the universities positively for utmost economic gains.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 92 –106 (2008)More Less
Entrepreneurship has become an important issue for policy in most developing countries. At one level, enterprise creation is recognized as important for employment, growth and enhancing sustainable human development. At another level, there is concern to encourage existing business enterprises to become more entrepreneurial as a means of enhancing international competitiveness. Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) which is reflected in recurring organizational behaviour such as innovativeness, pro-activeness and risk-taking of entrepreneurs is particularly important for the growth of small-scale enterprises.
The research study explores the extent to which entrepreneurial orientation factors were demonstrated by small scale enterprise operators. The study was carried out in Oyo State of Nigeria. The focus of the study was a purposely selected sample of 60 owner-managed small-scale enterprises engaged in manufacturing activities. The questionnaire was the main instrument of the study and it contains a set of structured questions to measure the entrepreneurial orientation of the respondents by using the 5 Point Likert Scale anchored by Never, Rarely, Sometimes, Usually and Always. Data were analyzed with the aid of Standard Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) using descriptive method of analysis.
The outcome of the study on the three entrepreneurial orientation factors shows a very great disparity from the personality traits expected of a good entrepreneur. The study concludes that aversion to risk taking, lack of innovation and proactiveness by the respondents, which are critical factors necessary for the growth of small enterprises, is very low among the respondents. Therefore, there is an urgent need to evolve a comprehensive training package for entrepreneurs in Nigeria to develop and sharpen their entrepreneurial orientation so as to enhance their competitiveness particularly in this age of globalization and market driven economy.
Impact of employee family-friendly supportiveness on work performance of employees in organizations.Author Idowu kikelomo EvbuomaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 107 –124 (2008)More Less
The Study investigated impact of Employee Family - friendly supportiveness on work performance of Employees in organizations.860 participants drawn from services, manufacturing and distributive organizations made up sample for the study. Instruments used to collect data from the study included the Family-friendly Support Inventory (FFSI) and Work Performance Rating Scale1 and 2 (WPRS 1 and WPRS 2) One way ANOVA was used to analyze data at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that there is no significant difference between the work performance of single and married workers who benefited from family-friendly support services (F(1,842) = .01, p>.05). Findings further revealed that there is no significant difference between work performance of married workers having long or short years working experience who benefited from FFSS (F(1,796) = 3.4; p>.05).
Psychosocial factors influencing attitudes towards internet piracy among Nigerian University studentsAuthor Femi M. IlevbareSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 125 –137 (2008)More Less
The study investigated psychosocial factors influencing attitude towards internet piracy among Nigerian University students. The ex-post factor research design was adopted. In all a total of two hundred and fifty participants were drawn through accidental sampling technique for this study. Their age ranged between 19-48 years.
Three hypothesis were generated and subsequently tested using appropriated statistical tools. The outcome of the tested hypothesis revealed that sex difference was not found to significantly influence attitude towards internet piracy (t(2,248) = - 3.47, P<.05). Similarly, self-esteem was not found to significantly influence attitude towards internet piracy (t(2,248) = 0.40, P >.05). In the same view, consumers ethnic group was not found to significantly influence attitude towards Internet piracy (F(3,246) = .404, P> .05).
Reasons were given why the outcome of this present study negates the outcome of previous study with emphasis on the socio-political situation in Nigeria. Based on this outcome, conclusions were drawn and recommendations were made.
Enhancing national unity through family-life education : implications for sustainable peace in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria.Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 138 –147 (2008)More Less
The Family is the most basic social unit in today's society. Despite it's small size, it plays important roles in stabilizing and enhancing the growth of the adult members of the society and provide a context for the growth and development of the children. The changing nature of the role of the family, in recent time, demands for a re-equipping the family with new knowledge capable of repositioning it for the task of peace maintenance and national unity. This paper therefore examines the potentiality of family life education as a useful tool in the repositioning of the family for it's new roles in the society. In doing this, the authors explore the concept of family life education, it's aims and its capability of inculcating in the family, the needed knowledge and skills required to perform the role of bringing about and sustaining peace in the society with special focus on volatile society like the Niger-Delta Region. The paper concluded that there is urgent need for government and non-governmental organizations to redirect their focus and energy to the family through family life education. It is therefore suggested that the Federal Government of Nigeria should establish a national center for family life education for the re-engineering of the family.
Author Tunde Charles IruonagbeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 148 –159 (2008)More Less
Today, in most developed countries, issues relating to aging and the elderly have continued to command the attention of policy makers. This unfortunately cannot be said for most African Nations like Nigeria which have to grapple with such crucial problems as inflation rates, unemployment, hunger, poverty, insecurity etc. Yet, the population of the elderly is increasing just as the level of hopelessness and misery has gotten to its peak. One can therefore only imagine the consequences of the massive increase in the elderly population, especially as they steadily retire from the labour force. This therefore calls for adequate social resources and programmes to help ameliorate the sufferings of the elderly and provide adequate care for them. With unfavourable policies and programmes of government in different sectors of the economy, most workers are made to retire prematurely from service and consequently age quickly due to the level of neglect experienced by Pensioners who hardly receive their gratuity and pension before they are dead. This has created a lot of destitute amongst the very old in society. Government has not been able to do much with regards to processes of resettlement and rehabilitation of the elderly, especially since most families due to high levels of poverty cannot do much for their old ones. Based on these problems, this paper sets out to examine the fear of growing old and how people should prepare for old age and what the future holds for the aged in Nigeria, most especially the role of the government, private organisations and the families concerned.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 160 –179 (2008)More Less
Psychotherapy is any form of psychological treatment for behavioural or emotional problems. Peace and Conflict resolution are current and relevant issues in contemporary societies. This paper attempts to present psychotherapeutic techniques for dealing with hostility, resentment, manipulation, sexual harassment, non-performing co-workers and conflicting job assignments. The need for evolving further psychotherapies for lasting peace and conflict resolution is suggested. A thirty-seven minute film facilitates the training.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 180 –195 (2008)More Less
This study examined Students' Locus of Control and Teacher Feedback using a 2x3 factorial to measure the performance of thirty-six (36) primary school students utilizing the two locus of control types and three levels of teacher feedback: no feedback, attributional feedback, and progressive feedback. No significant difference was found between the performances of students with the two types of locus of control (t=0.352, P>0.05). Also, no significant difference was found between the students who received attributional feedback and those who did not receive feedback (t=0.38, P>0.05). There was, however, a significant difference in the performance between the students who received progressive feedback and those who did not receive feedback (t=2.09, P<0.05). No significant interaction between the two variables (locus of control and feedback) was obtained (f=0.20, P>0.05). The results obtained from this study suggest that providing progressive feedback might enhance the performance of students. There is need for further studies on the interaction between locus of control and performance enhancement techniques through the use of feedback. Notwithstanding, progressive feedback can be applied to produce improvement in performance.
The study of the effects of cognitive restructuring therapy on cigarette smoking behaviour of undergraduate studentsAuthor Adeola Ayodeji ShobolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 196 –207 (2008)More Less
This paper is an extract from a larger study. The study investigated the relative effectiveness of Cognitive Restructuring (C.R) therapy in the reduction of cigarette smoking behaviour of undergraduate students from South West of Nigeria.
The research followed a pre test post test control group design. sixty volunteer undergraduate males and females of Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife were the participants in the study. An adapted version of Donald and Judith (1986) and Akinyele (1991) Sources of Satisfaction of Cigarette Smoking Inventory (SSCSI) and self constructed Attitude Towards Cigarette Smoking Inventory (ATCSI) were used to determine their behavior and attitudes toward cigarette smoking. While African based twelve (12) illogical statements were constructed and used as cognitive restructuring therapy in the reduction of cigarette smoking behavior of the participants. The experimental group (30 participants) was exposed to C.R therapy for four weeks of eight group sessions of 45 minutes (using self constructed 10 illogical and logical statements) while no treatment was accorded the control group. The data was subjected to t-test analysis, with hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results indicated that subjects exposed to C.R therapy reduced the frequency of cigarette smoking (pre-test X = 9.27, SD = 2.01, df = 58; post-test X = .167, SD = .379, df =58), with the difference between the mean values being significant (t= 24.5, df = 58, p> 0.05).
The results further indicated that C.R was effective in changing the attitude of smokers toward cigarette smoking (t = 4.37; df = 58, p> 0.05). It was therefore concluded that Cognitive Restructuring therapy was effective in the reduction of cigarette smoking of university students.
Author Vanita PatwardhanSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 208 –221 (2008)More Less
In the present study, a Three Dimensional Model for Training Evaluation is presented. It consists of Pre Training Factors, Inputs and Post Training Factors. A case of a factory following this model holding training in Team Working is discussed. The training programme was developed on the basis of the assessment of training needs. The programme was executed for 125 operators in seven batches during nine months. They completed schooling and a technical course. Effect of the training on participants' job performance and in the factory at large also is checked along the model - pre-training factors, inputs and post training factors. Two questionnaires for participants, observations, feedback and interviews of the superiors were used as instruments for evaluation. Evaluation suggested positive effect of the training programme. It can be stated that the Three Dimensional Model for Training Evaluation is applicable for training in other set ups also, such as, educational, medical, social work, etc. and about any training topic.
Author David E. OkurameSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 222 –234 (2008)More Less
This study examined the impact of informal mentoring on perceived adequacy of extrinsic organizational rewards such as pay, promotion and fringe benefit. Data were obtained from 161 employees through a survey of a public health organisation in south-western Nigeria. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that informal mentoring resulted in a significant change in R2 for pay (∆R2 = .055, P < .01), promotions (∆R2 = .081, P < .001) and fringe benefits (∆R2 = .262, P < .001). Practically, findings imply that contentment with pay, promotions and fringe benefits can be enhanced through mentoring. This underscores the importance of mentoring and the need for an intervention to foster it. The study provides an African perspective on mentoring and is expected to spur further research in the Nigerian work setting. It is recommended that future research should consider other relevant covariates and utilize objective measures.
Menstrual disorder among young female workers and its implication on job performance (case study of Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria)Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 235 –250 (2008)More Less
A study conducted among 233 clusterly selected young female workers in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife,, Osun State, Southwest Nigeria investigated the prevalence of menstrual disorderliness and its implication on their psychosocial relationship and job performances.
Data was collected through a self-administered, structured questionnaire. A study population with mean age of 38.8 years and 14.8 years as mean age of first menstrual period revealed that 44.2% and 28.2% of the over 74% married total respondents experienced dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia respectively. The study showed that the risk of menstrual disorderliness depend on the associated symptom (headache, backache, vomiting, leg pain, pelvic pain and dizziness) with varying degrees between 20% and 55% as reported by the workers.
The incidence of dysmenorrhoea was significantly common among women whose menses were associated with headache, vomiting, pelvic pain and leg pain (p<0.01) while excess menstrual bleeding was frequent among those that feel dizzy during menses (p<0.01), those that menses were associated with nausea and pelvic pain (p<0.05). Psychosocially, the study showed that a woman with excess menstrual bleeding was significantly more than 7 times likely to be cut-off of her normal social lives and activities than those who never reported any excess bleeding during menstruation. The likelihood of normal official or unofficial daily activities been disrupted if menstrual discomfort ever called for attention was significantly 5 times higher than in a woman whose menstrual period never called for attention (p<0.05). The study concluded that great number of university workers suffered menstrual disorder and discomfort with impact on their health status, productivity rate, quality of life and social integration and interactions.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 16, pp 251 –270 (2008)More Less
Can you think, feel, hope, dream, strategize and plan to make the world a more humane place in which to live? Then, Who Are We by Ron Dultz (2007) is a must read for you. The book focuses on the theory of need-based psychology, mental health and the psychological essence of Human Nature. The book explores ways in which environment affects mental well being. It is an intriguing and interesting piece in content and delivery as well as an exciting portrait of human nature. The book is made up of an introduction and twelve chapters with varying discuss on the issue of self as the mental and emotional aspects of living one's life.