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- Volume 17, Issue 1, 2009
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 17, Issue 1, 2009
Volumes & issues
Volume 17, Issue 1, 2009
Author Olanike S. Nicholas-OmoregbeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 1 –10 (2009)More Less
The relationship between the morale of staff (i.e. teachers' morale) and performance in school organizations was looked at in this study. The research was carried out on a randomly selected sample of one hundred and twenty (120) students and teaching staff from the three colleges in Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State. Remuneration and Recognition were used to measure morale while teaching effectiveness was used as a variable for performance. It was discovered that staff morale has a significant effect on performance in school organizations.
Author E.B. AzukaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 11 –26 (2009)More Less
The test of a true leader is his capacity to adhere to a strong foundation of ethics, articulate them as standards for colleagues and staff, and "practice what he preaches" by example on a daily basis. Personal leadership values form this ethical foundation, and are based upon past life experiences and current work processes that seek to improve rights of workers in particular and the general citizenry in general. Ethical behavior reflects a sense of self-respect that translates into respect for others in all encounters. The process of living one's personal values in a leadership role requires being in touch with one's inner world of purpose, dreams, principles, aspirations, and ethics, which in the end gives meaning to one's life. The application of a leadership lifestyle is challenging and requires total commitment to the concept of integrity. The first task of this presentation is to clarify some key concepts. These concepts include ethics, leadership and integrity. Furthermore this paper shall examine the following : The various themes of ethics in leadership roles ; ethical behaviour as an organizational and how to measure one's own ethical principles and behaviour ; personal leadership values that promote ethics and integrity and how to apply them in a leadership role ; challenges to ethical leadership and strategies for facing such challenges ; and the essential role of ethics and integrity in conveying a "unity of purpose" for an organization.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 27 –36 (2009)More Less
This study investigated socio-economic status and birth-order as correlates of women spiritual help-seeking behavior. Five hundred women help-seekers were sampled from 10 spiritual houses within Ibadan metropolis. Their age ranged between 17-70 years. Fifty percent (50 %,) i.e. 250 of the total sample were singles ; twenty four percent (24%), i.e. 120 were married ; 88 (17.6%) were widowed. About eight percent were separated. Spiritual help-seeking was measured using Women Spiritual Help-seeking Behavior Measure (WSHBM : Oladipo, 2006). Socio-economic status significantly, positively correlated with women spiritual help-seeking behavior. Birth order also correlated with spiritual help-seeking behavior.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 37 –46 (2009)More Less
Background : Western studies have shown that depression is common in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFU), increased risk of hospital admission and mortality, and decline in health related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between depression and HRQoL in patients with DFU in sub-Saharan Africans.
Methods : Consecutive series of 42 outpatients with DFU recruited over a year period from consultant endocrinology clinics of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC) completed the WHO Quality of life (QoL) scale - Brief version to assess their subjective QoL, and Becks Depression Inventory (BDI) to assess for diagnosis of depression. Other clinical variables were obtained from the case files.
Results : Twenty six (61.9%) patients had diagnosis of depression. Patients with depression had worse QoL than patients without depression on all dimensions of QoL. Factors independently associated with QoL include severity of ulcer, marital status, number of medical conditions, duration of diabetes and depression.
Conclusion : Depression adversely affects the QoL of patients with DFU. Intervention programmes to improve the QoL of patients with DFU need to incorporate early identification and treatment of depression. Future studies are warranted to investigate the impact of depression management on QoL in patients with DFU.
Author Umeh CharlesSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 47 –65 (2009)More Less
The study examined the efficacy of multimodal therapy in the management of homosexuality in a 35-year-old man, using a single N or case study design. Clinical interview, EPQ (adult), SCL-90, MFS, MSI and ISE were administered to establish base-line data. Anxiety, depression, marital distress and low self-esteem were identified as correlates of the client's condition. Multimodal therapy was instituted thereafter. The result after three months of treatment showed reduction in sexual attraction for men, increased attraction to females, reduced frequency of masturbation, lowered marital distress and improved psychological well-being. The results were discussed in the light of the controversies surrounding the treatment of homosexuality.
The effect of ethnic politics on the location and development of infrastructural amenities in Delta State, NigeriaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 67 –88 (2009)More Less
The study examined the effect of ethnic politics on the location and development of infrastructural amenities in Delta State, this is with a view of evaluating the effect and the role ethnic politics has in the development of the state. The quantitative data for the study was collected from 220 selected Delta State indigenes living in the state through purposively stratified and accidental sampling techniques. The qualitative data were collected through Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and In-depth Interviews and were analysed using TextBase Beta. The TextBase Beta helps identify and analyse the strengths and trends of response. The study reveals that there was no significant relationship (x2-val = 4.370, P-val = (.358) not significant at P ≤ 0.05 level) between ethnic politics and the location and development of basic infrastructural amenities in Delta State. Also, the study reveals that there was no significant relationship (x2 val of 1.027, P-val = (.598) not significant at P ≤ 0.05 level) between interethnic politic and increases opposition and rivalry within the political system. However, the qualitative analysis showed that there are relatively enough infrastructural amenities in the various Senatorial Districts in Delta State and that Inter-ethnic politics affects the location of basic infrastructural amenities and location of industries and tertiary institutions in Delta State. In conclusion, there are relatively enough infrastructural amenities in the various Senatorial Districts in Delta State. That Inter or ethnic politics leads to increased opposition and rivalry within the political system if not carefully handled and that ethnic politics in Delta State has led to the struggle for control of state resources by the various ethnic groupings in the State.
Author R.B. AsagbaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 89 –98 (2009)More Less
The paper examines the logotherapeutic management of persons with substance abuse / dependence which involves the utilization of a multi-displinary approach. Therefore, the paper highlights how this view is in relationship with the concept of logotherapy about man that comprises biological, psychological and spiritual dimensions which the management of substance abuse has to be based upon. Thus, efforts are made to describe logotherapy and logotherapeutic view of substance abuse / dependence.
It is concluded with arguments on the need to include logotherapeutic approach to the management of persons with substance abuse / dependence.
Author S.O. WayasSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 99 –110 (2009)More Less
This paper investigated the perception of teachers' on street hawking by children in Ilorin metropolis. Street Hawking as used in this study refers to children who sell goods or items on the streets of Ilorin. The study made use of one hundred and fifty participants. The data for the study was collected by means of a self-designed questionnaire. Three null hypotheses were formulated and tested using t-test statistical method and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results indicated that there was no significant difference between teachers' of different age range and marital status (Single and married) in their perception on street hawking by children while there was a significant difference between male and female teachers in their perception of street hawking by children. Implications of the study for counselling were highlighted, especially the provision of remedial services and free education to the affected children.
Author A.O. LawalSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 112 –123 (2009)More Less
This study examined the extent to which Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) can predict leadership-induced stress (stress that employees experience which they believe is caused by their organizational leaders), and whether and how coworker support intervene in this prediction. A total of 620 junior and middle cadre employees, who were randomly selected, participated in the study. Three hypotheses were tested with a moderated (hierarchical) regression analysis, three simple regression analysis, and a multiple regression analysis. Results show that LMX significantly predicted leadership-induced stress, and that there is no significant interaction of LMX and coworker support on leadership-induced stress. However, coworker support significantly mediated the influence of LMX on leadership-induced stress. The findings were discussed in the light of reviewed theoretical and empirical literatures while implications for the realities of organizational leadership and employees' report of stress vis-à-vis their well being, especially in organizations in the developing world, were highlighted.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 124 –136 (2009)More Less
Working memory form the most important part of human day to day organizational ability. Psychiatric patients are known to show major impairment in this area. This study was to examine verbal and symbolic working memory in psychiatric patients. The participants for the study included twenty one (21) psychiatric patients with age range of 16-64 with M age of 44.40 and SD age of 4.33. Two different instruments of seven cards each were used to test the working (both verbal and symbolic) memory of the participants. Repeated measure experimental design was used in the study while repeated measure t-test and One Way Anova statistics were used in data analysis. The result showed significant differences between verbal and verbal + symbolic working memory on both serial and total recall among participants. In addition, the depressives, schizophrenics and substance induced psychotics differed on serial recall of verbal working memory. Discussion and recommendations from the study were made.
Author A.R. AsiyanbolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 147 –160 (2009)More Less
The elderly constitute an increasing proportion of Nigeria's population, and yet the concerns and needs of the elderly are yet to feature prominently in major policy debates. In this contribution I examine spatial behaviour, care, and well-being of the elderly (age > 60 years) (n = 107) in Nigeria. The data used is from a larger household survey carried out by the author in Ibadan, Nigeria. Simple frequency analysis and correlation statistical techniques were used to analyze the data. Analysis of the daily activities of the elderly revealed that they are generally more involved in service to others, followed by household maintenance, domestic chores and social activities. Also, about 50% of the elderly sphere of activities is within 1Km from their house location. Result of the correlation analysis indicates a negative relationship between (i) psychological distress and household income and education level of the elderly and (ii) care of the elderly and their intra-urban travel. It also indicates a positive relationship between psychological distress and intra-urban travel of the elderly. Implications as it relates to the empowerment and enhancing the contributions of older persons to the development of culture, economic, and social activities are discussed in the paper.
Author M.B. NwokeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 161 –175 (2009)More Less
Factors sustaining human trafficking in the contemporary society were investigated. One hundred and forty participants were used in generating the items that formed the questionnaire. While four hundred participants were used for the main study, seven leading factors were endorsed by majority of the participants as sustaining human trafficking. Psychological implications, aftermath of human trafficking were highlighted and suggestions for salvaging the deplorable situation of human trafficking were made.
Author A.B. KehindeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 176 –193 (2009)More Less
This paper examines the place of political culture in the entrenchment of political stability, constitutionalism and democratic consolidation, using the case study of Oyo state, Nigeria. It contends that the militarization of politics, excessive politicisation state policies, opportunities for rent-seeking, implosion of a culture of impunity and selfishness of the elite have contributed to acrimonious politics in Nigeria. The case study of Oyo state was used in this research work because it is reflective of the role played by political violence, especially with the use of primordial political culture as a tool in shaping political contestations between 1999 and 2006. The aftermath of these acrimonious contestations, it was revealed, was the neglect of the basic business of government by the leadership and the criminalization of politics.
Author Chantal EpieSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 194 –216 (2009)More Less
The purpose of this study is to obtain insights into the process by which employees in a developing country attempt to resolve time-based conflict between work, family and other activities. A decision making framework is used to study the way Nigerian managers handled conflicting pressures from their various life domains. Participants were asked to write a diary, in a free-response format, of a whole Friday and a Saturday morning. Substantial diary excerpts are provided to enable readers to make their own judgment on the validity of the author's constructivist interpretation. This empirical study permitted a detailed mapping of the day-to-day decision making process people engage in while facing conflicting demands from work, family and an Executive MBA, with the various factors that intervene in a complex interplay. Practical implications are drawn : 1) Managers need to develop time management, interpersonal and problem solving skills, to clarify their values and strengthen their capacity to resist external pressures; and 2) Organizations need to improve their working practices so that their employees may more readily find ways of resolving their work-family conflict. This paper adds to the work-family literature by including the environmental and cultural context in which work and family interact and by closely examining value-based conflict with its impact on a person's decision-making and subjective experience of conflict.
Couples' socio-economic characteristics ; determinants of children's nutritional status in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State, NigeriaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 217 –230 (2009)More Less
The aim of the study is to examine the socio-economic characteristics of couples as they affect the nutritional status of children ≤ 5 years of age in Akure South Local Government area of Ondo State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 200 couples whose last two children were not more than 5 years of age at the time of the interview. The mean age of the fathers was found to be 39 years while that of the mothers was found to be 32 years ; more than half of the fathers (53.5%) had up to a tertiary education, whereas about half of the mothers (47.5%) had up to a secondary education. The result of the bivariate analysis revealed a significant relationship between fathers' income and children's nutritional status (p< 0.05); so also a significant relationship was found between mothers' age and children's nutritional status. Further analysis using the logistic regression coupled with the forward stepwise regression further found fathers' income as the best predictor of children's nutritional status, while mothers' age at first marriage was found to be the best predictor of children's nutritional status.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 231 –242 (2009)More Less
Stress, burnout and its related clinical components remain largely unidentified mental health issues especially among Nigerian healthcare givers. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is designed to measure the intensity and frequency of perceived burnout among persons in the helping profession in general. This study aimed to establish the psychometric properties of MBI. A total of 100 doctors and nurses and 50 students consisting of 101 males and 49 females in the age range 23 to 50 (Mean = 33.85) years completed the MBI and Psychophysiological Symptoms Checklist (PSC). Psychometric properties of the MBI including its reliability and validity were assessed. The normative scores were: emotional exhaustion = 7.52, dehumanization = 2.52 and reduced personal accomplishment =12.12. The reliability coefficients were : Cronbach's Alpha = .86, Split-half = .57 and Odd-Even = .92. By correlating MBI with PSC concurrent validity coefficients in the range .01-.36 were obtained. Because of its reliability, validity, brevity and ease of administration, the MBI is considered a useful instrument for measuring burnout among Nigerians. However, more studies are needed to further ascertain the potentials of this instrument among other categories of Nigerian health workers.
Author A.O. AdeyemiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 243 –253 (2009)More Less
The study examined ergonomics awareness among library staff of two universities in south-western Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to investigate the level of awareness of ergonomics by the library staff, find out if they experience ergonomic symptoms and ascertain if there exist ergonomic education and other measures to ensure healthy and productive workforce. The respondents consisted of librarians, para-professionals, administrative staff and secretaries. A total number of 73 out of 94 library staff responded to the questionnaire giving a response rate of 77.7%.
Mentoring and mentee/protégé as a key issue in human resources management : an Islamic perspective : chapter 24Author Haliru BalaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 17, pp 314 –326 (2009)More Less
Mentoring is a form of employee development whereby a trusted and respected person-the-mentor-uses their experience to offer guidance, encouragement, and support to another person-the mentee. The aim of mentoring is to facilitate the mentee's learning and development and to enable them to discover more about their potential. Mentoring can occur informally or it can be arranged by means of an organizational scheme. Protégé is a person who is helped in his or her career by a rich and important person. Every thing a Muslim mentee/protégé does is regarded as an act of worship as long as it is carried out in conformity with details of the Islamic religion.