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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
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- Volume 19, Issue 1, 2011
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 19, Issue 1, 2011
Volumes & issues
Volume 19, Issue 1, 2011
Influence of small and medium building engineering entrepreneurship on the actualization of vision 20:2020 in Kebbi State, NigeriaAuthor H. BalaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 289 –308 (2011)More Less
This study investigated the influence of small and medium building engineering entrepreneurship for the actualization of vision 20:2020 in Kebbi State, Nigeria. The study was conducted in Birnin Kebbi, Zuru and Argungu Local Government Areas of Kebbi State. The data were obtained from both primary and secondary source. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting 180 respondents for the study comprising 100 small-sized building engineering enterprises and 80 medium-sized building engineering enterprises from a study population of 2,569. The questionnaire was validated by a panel of experts using Likert Scale. The data generated were subjected to both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The results revealed that building engineering entrepreneurship variables were correlated with vision 20:2020 variables indicated by Pearson Correlation Analysis. A significant relationship was revealed between building engineering entrepreneurship and actualization of vision 20:2020 (r = 0.731 P<0.001) The study concluded that building engineering entrepreneurship have significant influence on vision 20:2020 which will affect the development of commerce and industries.
An evaluation of instructional strategies used in HIV/AIDS preventive education in Lagos Island schoolsAuthor A.B. AlhassanSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 309 –327 (2011)More Less
The article reports the findings of an investigation into the effects of eight HIV/AIDS instructional strategies on JSS and SSS Students' knowledge, attitude and intentions about future sexual behaviour. Construct validity of the 12-item attitude scale was tested using factor analysis. Cronbach's alpha was utilised to determine the internal reliability of the scale. The alpha level was 0.8. The responses were analysed using one-way analysis of variance. In addition, the analysis for dichotomous variable was essentially a t-test. Significance among groups was assessed using Turkey when variables were not dichotomous.
The HIV/AIDS preventive education provided to students was very effective in increasing levels of knowledge, tolerant attitudes and healthy future behavioural intention of JSS and SSS Students in Lagos Island, Lagos State. In all cases, the post-treatment group had significantly higher knowledge; attitude and future intended sexual score than did other groups. In the light of the findings, appropriate suggestions were made to remedy the situation and implications for further research were generated.
Current state of the economy and Obafemi Awolowo University students' assessment of the image of the Nigerian Civil ServiceAuthor A.L. AdisaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 328 –341 (2011)More Less
The objectives of this paper were three-fold. One, to examine the students' perceptions of civil service employment in Nigeria; two, to assess influence of their perception on attitudes toward the civil Service; and three, to examine implications of emerging attitude for civil service jobs on economic development. The study adopted qualitative research technique of focus group discussion. The study revealed variations in the work plans of the students, and notably, aversion towards civil service jobs. It also examined the sustainability of the students' negative attitude towards civil service employment. The paper concluded that the students had negative perception and image of the civil service and the emerging negative attitude could be sustained by the availability of job opportunities made possible by improvement in Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 342 –359 (2011)More Less
This study focused on senior high school students' perception of their computer laboratory learning environment and how the use of computers affects their learning in urban and community senior high schools. Data was obtained with the Computer Laboratory Environment Inventory questionnaire, administered to 278 second year senior high school students. The data was analyzed using SPSS to find how frequent students experience a particular factor that affect them when in the computer laboratory and also the difference in how male and female students perceive their computer laboratory learning environment as measured using the t-test. Four factors, supply material environment, integration, supervision and reliable material environment, were found to influence students' perception of their computer laboratory environment. The findings revealed that students' general perception of their computer laboratory environments in both school types were positive but significantly different in favour of those in urban schools. The findings suggest that serious efforts must be made by the Ministry of Education (MOE) to improve the material environment, particularly, in Community schools.
Perceived availability of guidance and counselling services among tertiary institutions students in selected south-west universities in NigeriaAuthor T.A. AdebowaleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 360 –374 (2011)More Less
Education is very vital in the development of any nation, more importantly higher education. Unfortunately, the same higher education is faced with great challenges and difficulties ranging from individual personal problem, to institution and to general problems. The study investigated the perception of the students about the guidance services available to them. The study adopted descriptive survey twelve (12) universities consisting federal, state, and private universities from south-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria, 50 students comprises of male and female including undergraduates and post graduates were randomly selected from each of the universities. Five hypotheses were postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were collected with the use of "Available Guidance Services Questionnaire" (AGSQ) a =0.73 and analyzed with t-test. The students from sample universities had the same perception about the guidance services that were not in operation as they should be utilized. The findings will help each university authority and National University commission (NUC) to recommend the establishment and the functioning of guidance and counselling unit, staffing it with adequate professionals. They also should be monitored in order to fulfill its goals and the higher educational goals that would develop the nation and Africa as a whole.
Author G.A. AkinbodeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 375 –404 (2011)More Less
The study examined workers' personal factors and personality characteristics as predictors of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB). The study employed Ex-Post-Facto within-participants randomized group design. Data were collected from five hundred and four employees of private and public human service organizations in Nigeria. It was hypothesized that employees' demographic factors and personality characteristics would significantly predict Organizational Citizenship Behaviour. Logistic regression showed that personal factors were not significant predictors of (OCB). Results indicated that personality traits of extraversion and openness significantly predict workers' Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB). The F-ratio associated with the R2 = 0.755 shows a significant joint prediction of OCB (p<0.05) indicating that a total of 75.5% of the variance in OCB can be accounted for by the combination of the personality variables, while about 25.5% of workers' OCB is accounted for by other variables other than personality or dispositional factors. Based on these results, greater OCB was observed in individuals who score high on extraversion and openness to experience. Personality factors were revealed as important predictors of OCB. The study identified some future directions for personality research in industrial, work, and organizational psychology and concludes with some caveats and directions for future research.
Author A. AdebowaleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 405 –429 (2011)More Less
Since the formal sector of Nigerian economy cannot fully employ the Nation's active population, degeneration of human condition in the society becomes inevitable and this leads to poverty in all ramifications. The immanent condition has spurred creative and innovative individuals to embrace entrepreneurial endeavours as a sanctuary from nascent unemployment, underemployment and the general economic quagmire. This is so as small-scale enterprises is believed to provide easy entry into entrepreneurship as it may require relatively little financial capital especially when put against the travails of securing favourable employment in the formal sector of Nigeria. The poor, unemployed and the retrenched in both developed and developing nations have continually embraced entrepreneurship as a means of job creation and income generation. Nonetheless, of the several challenges confronting Nigerian entrepreneurs, access to micro-credit constitutes the biggest problem as it is crucial to the economic empowerment of small business entrepreneurs. Thus, this paper explores the significance of micro-credit support in poverty amelioration among entrepreneurs and the overall impact of inaccessibility of credit to entrepreneurship development in Nigeria as a whole. It also examines other forms of capital needed for an enterprise to succeed or fail if entrepreneurs lack them. The paper however adopted an eclectic theoretical approach in explaining the subject matter with Marxist and Weberian postulations. It concludes by proffering action-oriented recommendations.
Author A. TellaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 430 –440 (2011)More Less
The study examined an assessment of mathematics self-efficacy of secondary school students in Osun State. It drawn on 500 students comprising 250 males and 250 females randomly selected from 5 secondary schools in Osogbo. Their ages range between 11-17 years with a mean age of 14 years and a standard deviation of 4. A self-efficacy instrument developed by (Morgan & Jinks 1995) was adapted with mathematics achievement test with r= 0.72 developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using student-t test, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistical tools. The results indicated that significant difference exists in the mathematics self-efficacy of the subjects based on gender and age groups, and that of mathematics achievement. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Secondary School teachers should always make mathematics class more interesting as this will go a long way to improve the student's self efficacy and achievements in the subjects.
Author I.O. OlayiwolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 441 –455 (2011)More Less
The study investigated the level of job performance and self-efficacy of public secondary school teachers in Osun State. It also examined self-efficacy as a predictor of teachers' job performance with a view to enhancing job productivity.The study adopted survey design. The population consisted of public secondary school teachers in Osun State. Fifteen public secondary schools were purposively selected from three randomly selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) of the state out of which 574 teachers and Heads of Departments (H.O.Ds) were selected. The teachers were selected randomly, while all the HODs participated in the study. Two research instruments were used for data collection. These are "Teachers Efficacy Scale" (TES) and "Job Performance Scale" (JPS). The TES elicited information on teachers' ability to influence students' learning, ability to enlist parental support, persistence and resilience. The JPS contained items that measured teachers' job performance. The instruments were subjected to test-retest reliability with coefficients of 0.88 for TES and 0.81 for JPS. Data were analyzed using percentages, correlation and linear regression analysis.
The results showed that 95% of the teachers were rated low on job performance while 90.4% were rated low on self-efficacy. The study further revealed that there were significant correlations between job performance and self-efficacy (r = .849 p < .05). The results also showed that self-efficacy significantly predicted job performance (R = .721, F(1,572) = 1477.214; p < .05). The study concluded that teachers would perform very well on their jobs if they have high self-efficacy.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 456 –471 (2011)More Less
Vital registration system has a very poor performance in all the sub-Saharan African countries. The most accurate vital statistics are found in countries that are in an advanced stage of economic development. One of the key issues that have kept the sub-Saharan African countries in the state of underdevelopment is the unavailability of accurate statistical data for social and economic planning purposes. This study utilizes the data collected in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Southwest Nigeria to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of vital registration system. The results showed that more than 8 in 10 respondents claimed to have the knowledge about vital registration system, almost 7 in 10 respondents (69 percent) approved of vital registration system. Of all the respondents that were knowledgeable about vital registration system, 68.4 percent reported to have ever registered birth while 61.3 percent had ever registered death. More females than males reported registering births and deaths. There is likelihood that most of the respondents had regarded various places of birth like hospitals, clinics, maternity homes etc as a well established vital registration centers. The study concludes by discussing the need for a reliable and accurate vital registration system if Nigeria's vision of becoming one of the top 20 economies in the world in 2020 would be realized.
Assessment of rural children in agricultural production activities in Ogbomosho Zone of Oyo State, Nigeria : a vocational conceptSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 472 –494 (2011)More Less
This study assessed the participation of rural children in agricultural production activities in Ogbomoso zone of Oyo state, Nigeria with a focus on the vocational concept, belief and development of the youth from the environment in tandem with the realities of the modern day in comparison with the occupation of the old inhabitants. The variable considered include the demographic characteristics of rural children, types of agricultural production activities rural children are involved, factors influencing the participation of rural children in agricultural activities, constraints faced by rural children and the attitude of rural children toward future participation. One hundred and eighty rural children were randomly selected from three local government area. The selected local governments are Ogo-Oluwa, Surulere and Oriire Local Government Area. The result shows that (55.56%) were male (36%) fall within the age range 16 - 17 years about (37%) of them are in Senior Secondary School, while (22%) are in Primary School and (6%) had no formal education. Rural Children agricultural activities were found to be extensive in the study area. The various agricultural activities carried out include land clearing (43%) making ridges 36% and among others. However, they participated in all agricultural production activities viz-a-viz production of crops such as maize, cassava, vegetables, pepper and also livestock production. The study attempts to unveil factors that influence level of participation in agricultural production as a constant vocation of those from that area of Nigeria and also the constraints that hindered rural children level of participation in agricultural production activities in spite of the vocational interest and development.
A study of self perception and academic performance of students with special needs into mainstreamed public secondary schools in NigeriaAuthor D.O. FareoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 495 –506 (2011)More Less
The study investigated the influence of types of exceptionality on the self perception of students with special needs. It examined the influence of sex of students with special needs on their self perception. It also compared the academic performance of male and female students with special needs. One instrument named Self Perception of Students with Special Needs (SPSSN) and the Examination Records (ER) were used fir the collection of data. The results showed exceptionality types of students with special needs had influence on their self perception. However, the result revealed that sex of students with special needs had no significant influence on their self perception. Also, there was no significant difference between academic performance of male and female students with special needs. The study concluded that students with special needs were yet to be integrated into public secondary schools, and this could affect their self perception and academic performance.
Perceived psycho-emotional influence of aesthetics, affluence and environmental sophistication on employees' theft behaviours in the workplaceAuthor F.A. IboroSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 507 –528 (2011)More Less
This study examined employees' perception of workplace theft in six industrial organizations at different situations where aesthetics, affluence and environmental sophistication were presented. Participants were one hundred and forty-four employees (72 males and 72 males) selected from Shell, Mobil, Altec, NBC, Peacock and Safeway Ventures in the south-south and south Eastern parts of Nigeria. A questionnaire was used in collecting data about workplace theft as may be influenced by aesthetics, affluence and environmental sophistication. The Chi-Square Goodness of Fit and Test of Independence were used in analyzing data. Results showed that employees were perceived to engage in workplace theft under the influence of aesthetics (χ2 = 18.86, 3df, P <0.01); were also perceived to steal when wealth was present (χ2 = 47.64, 3df, P <0.01) and were also perceived to be assisted by sophisticated technologies to steal (χ2 = 78.84, 3df, P <0.01). Moreover, other results showed a statistically significant difference between perceived organizational theft behaviour across the three variables (χ2 = 109.93, df = 25, P <0.01); a statistically significant difference in the perception of employee theft between junior and senior employees (χ2 = 26.39, df = 9, P <0.01) and a statistically significant difference in the perceived theft behaviour of male and female employees (χ2 = 586.057, df = 5 P <0.01). These findings were discussed in line with supporting evidence of previous studies. Implications of the findings were discussed and recommendations provided for policy.
Primary health care as the bedrock of the MDGs : community sensitization, mobilization, and education on communication for positive health changeAuthor F.A. AibinuomoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 529 –542 (2011)More Less
Recognizing the internal strength of Communities, facilitating the development of community self esteem and helping individuals believe in themselves is in conformity with the Alma Ata declaration of Primary Health Care. In Nigeria, antenatal delivery, children and postnatal experiences for women usually take place in communities rather than health facilities. Strategies for improvement should therefore involve the community as a complement to any facility-based intervention.
Primary Health Care (PHC) is the bedrock to achieving the MDGs hence Health workers has a role to play to get this done by 2015; they need to re-strategize, that is, deviate from the usual practice and involve community mobilizers for effective behavioural change to health interventions for survival of the citizenry
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 543 –557 (2011)More Less
This study investigated the influence of perceived co-worker involvement and Supervisory Support on Job Satisfaction among Staff of Champion Brewery, Uyo. One hundred and fifty (150) participants were drawn as participant using simple randomization. The participants were ninety five males and fifty five females whose age ranged between 18-40 years with the mean age of 27.5years. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested. The first hypothesis predicted that "there will be a statistically significant influence of co worker involvement on job satisfaction". The second hypothesis predicted that "there will be a statistically significant influence of supervisory support on job satisfaction". A 2 x 2 factorial design was used to collect data and a 2 way ANOVA was used to analyze data. The results of the findings relating to the first hypothesis indicated that perceived co-workers involvement have a significant influence on job satisfaction [F(1,146) = 137.38, p< .05]. The results also revealed that the second hypothesis was confirmed, Supervisory support was shown to significantly influence job satisfaction [F(1,146) = 20.63, p< .05, thus the researchers accepted the hypothesis. The interaction of perceived co-worker involvement and supervisory support on job satisfaction was also significant. [F(1,146) = 44.66, p< .05]. The researchers discussed the findings in this study in relation to the existing empirical studies.
Author M.O. AzukaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 558 –565 (2011)More Less
The primary purpose of this study was to examine the status and utilization of information and communication technologies in polytechnics in South Eastern States of Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of 120 Secretarial Studies teachers. Questionnaire was used as instrument for gathering data for the study. Data collected were analyzed using mean scores, percentage and frequency tables. The null hypothesis established for the study was tested using t-test for paired samples as reported from computer-generated analysis. Results of the study showed that: (a) most Information and communication technologies were not available meaning that rate of utilization of ICT is low. It was found that ICT posed very serious challenges to Secretarial Studies Teachers in the polytechnics. Given the present low utilization rate of ICT in Polytechnics, the administration of Polytechnic should encourage private sector funding of polytechnic education by appealing to industries that are the direct beneficiaries of polytechnic education to make donation to the polytechnics. (f) The Association of Business Education of Nigeria (ABEN) as its contribution to professional development should organize regular mandatory training programmes for members as is practice by other professional bodies.