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- Volume 19, Issue 2, 2011
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 19, Issue 2, 2011
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Volume 19, Issue 2, 2011
Incentive factors affecting productivity of public servants in Ogun State : evidence from Ado-Ota Local Government AreaAuthor C.I. TongoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 1 –27 (2011)More Less
The theoretical justification for the actualization of public sector goals is premised on the notion that those under the sector's employment should be imbued with the spirit of selfless service. However, this has become a theoretical fad based on the findings of a cross sectional study which sought to know the extent to which financial and non-financial incentives affected the productivity of different groups of public servants in Ado-Ota Local Government Area of Ogun State. Based on the study's results, three types of public servants were identified and described. These are the "deadwoods", "egocentric servants" and "loyal servants". While the deadwoods and egocentric servants are the misfits of the public sector; only the loyal servants are apt for jobs in the public sector. Consequently, recommendations were offered on how the sector could attract and retain those that are most suitable for its employment. Also, directions for future research with respect to confirming the veracity of the study's findings were provided.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 28 –42 (2011)More Less
This study investigated the influence of perceived co-worker involvement and Supervisory Support on Job Satisfaction among Staff of Champion Brewery, Uyo. One hundred and fifty (150) participants were drawn as participant using simple randomization. The participants were ninety five males and fifty five females whose age ranged between 18-40 years with the mean age of 27.5 years. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested. The first hypothesis predicted that "there will be a statistically significant influence of co worker involvement on job satisfaction". The second hypothesis predicted that "there will be a statistically significant influence of supervisory support on job satisfaction". A 2 x 2 factorial design was used to collect data and a 2 way ANOVA was used to analyze data. The results of the findings relating to the first hypothesis indicated that perceived coworkers involvement have a significant influence on job satisfaction [F(1,146) = 137.38, p< .05]. The results also revealed that the second hypothesis was confirmed, Supervisory support was shown to significantly influence job satisfaction [F(1,146) = 20.63, p< .05, thus the researchers accepted the hypothesis. The interaction of perceived co-worker involvement and supervisory support on job satisfaction was also significant. [F(1,146) = 44.66, p< .05]. The researchers discussed the findings in this study in relation to the existing empirical studies.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 43 –64 (2011)More Less
The abnormally high incidence of dishonesty manifested as fraud and corruption among Nigerian adults was noted. Based on the social learning model proposed by Albert Bandura, this paper argues that it is necessary that psychologists study dishonesty among children: not only to understand the extent to which Nigerian children have learnt dishonesty from the adults, but also to be able to measure, predict and control this pattern of behaviour. A scale to assess dishonesty among children is therefore presented. The scale, the Eze-Nwoke Children's Dishonesty Scale, was developed using the likert method. Participants were primary four (4), five (5), and six (6) school children aged between eight (8) years and 15 years, with a mean age of 11.31 years and a mode of 12 years. The scale comprises 44 items that loaded on four (4) factors when rotated with the equamax method. The internal consistency reliability estimate of the scale is Cronbach's alpha .92 while the test-retest reliability estimate is r = .85. It is concluded that the scale can be used to measure dishonesty among children.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 65 –74 (2011)More Less
The lecturing profession is a kind of profession that involves several tasks which must be carried out simultaneously, including, teaching, research, administration and community service. Hence, the ability and individual characteristics of lecturers will be of great importance in determining how to manage and achieve set goals. Goal management is an integral consideration in career growth but yet to attract much research attention in Nigeria. The study investigated the influence of personality factors (extraversion and conscientiousness) on goal management of university lecturers in south-western Nigeria.
The survey method was adopted in this study, using purposive sampling technique to select four universities in the south western part of Nigeria. A total of 600 respondents comprising of 423 males and 177 females selected from university academic staff were used for this study, using the random sampling technique. Data were collected on extraversion, conscientiousness and goal management. The data were analyzed using multiple regression and Pearson Product Moment Correlation.
The result of the multiple regression showed a joint influence of extraversion, conscientiousness on goal management (R2 = .24; F (12,407) = 15.36, p < 0.05). Furthermore, independently, extraversion (β = .27; t =5.66, p <.001) and conscientiousness (β = .17; t = 3.34, p < .001) influenced goal management. The implication is that university lecturers who are extroverts and conscientious will be able to manage their goals better compared to those who are not extroverts and conscientious. Therefore, the focus of psychologists should centre on the development of training packages that will enhance university lecturers' self-development on goal management skills, while the government and relevant institutions should encourage self development programmes among university lecturers in Nigeria, so as to enhance their productivity.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 75 –91 (2011)More Less
The study investigates effects of extraneous variables on performance of choking-susceptible University elite and non-elite athletes. The study used a pretest-posttest design. A total of 120 males and females athletes were used as participants in the first stage (±=1.15 or .36), of which sixty participants (30 elite and 30 non-elite athletes) were drawn from the pull (n = 74). Two instruments were used at the initial stage: Self-consciousness scale (s-c) and State anxiety scale (A-trait) with established s-c (α = .77) and A-trait (α = .75). Furthermore, Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) with an-established α = .85, .83 somatic intensity and direction; cognitive intensity and direction α = .76, .83 subscale, measuring anxiety level of participants prior to performance. Fifty-seven participants (30 elite and 27 non-elite) completed a series of basketball layup shorts in a low pressure (LP) condition (pre-test) and high pressure (HP) condition (post-test). Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyzed the data.
The results obtained showed that hypothesis one using two psychological inventories were accurate predictors of choking-susceptible university elite and non-elite athletes at 66.7% success rate. There was a significant main effect on task [F (1, 56) = 24.276, p<.05], While there were no significant effect on gender [F (1, 56) = 2.169, p>.05] and sport composition [F (1, 56) = 1.635, p>.05]. Based on the outcomes of the results and previous choking research, choking processes are relatively complex and differ based on personality characteristics. Therefore, understanding individual zone of optimum functioning (ZOF), administration of intervention strategies such as group activation, skill techniques and sufficient training before competitions in different situations could help to control and managed choking effect among susceptible athletes.
Author Adetokunbo Oluwole IlesanmiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 92 –112 (2011)More Less
Housing encompasses a bundle of benefits that are integral to personal and family well-being. This paper reviews the literature on the meaning of the home and links this with the psycho-social benefits derived by residents, and how these can be assessed through empirical research. A survey measuring psycho-social benefits was conducted to a systematic sample of 760 household-heads in eight public housing estates in Lagos, Nigeria. Four factors were derived from the responses to the survey, relating to the home as a hearth, as heart, as a locus of autonomy and as a source of status for the residents. Findings reveal that housing tenure is less significant as a predictor of psychosocial benefits from the home than the neighbourhood context and the physical characteristics of housing. In addition, the factors negatively associated with psycho-social benefits appear to be more significant than those factors positively associated with such benefits. This implies that what detracts from psycho-social benefits may be more important than what contributes to them. The study also found that, after controlling for other influences, people living in bungalow housing units derive more benefits from the home as a hearth and as a locus of autonomy than households in multi-apartment blocks of flats. These findings are pertinent to the design of more fitting and appropriate home environments.
Author R.I. AkindeleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 114 –126 (2011)More Less
Demonstrating socially responsible behaviour has become increasingly important for corporations. The study identifies the extent of participation of the banking industries in corporate social responsibility, the bank policies as it affects CRS and the impact of the bank the on the practice of CRS.
The study utilized primary source of data collection procedure through the administration of questionnaire. 120 copies of the questionnaire were administered on employees of four major banks in Osogbo Osun State. The respondents of this study are employees of the upper, middle and low cadre across all the department of the banks. They were purposely selected for this study. All the copies of the questionnaire were retrieved and analyzed using frequency distribution and analysis of variance (ANOVA).
The findings of the study revealed that about 90% of the respondents indicated the extent of participation in corporate social responsibilities activities is high, the findings also revealed that a significant P value of 0.417 which shows a non-significant relationship was observed from the relationship between the type of the bank and CRS practices.
In addition, the findings of the study revealed that a significant P-value of 0.028 which ascertain a significant relationship was observed between bank profitability and CRS practices.
Lastly, a significant relationship was observed from the P-value of 0.0317 between bank policies and CRS practices.
It is recommended that Governments should minimize the excessive demands they make from corporate organizations, particularly Banks, for financing of projects and events. Usually, expenses incurred on these constitute a huge drain on the scarce financial resources of organizations that would have been spent in other CRS projects that will be more beneficial to the populace and society. And that government at all levels should encourage organizations to implement more of CSR initiatives by granting them tax reliefs, rebates and other concessions.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 127 –141 (2011)More Less
The study was carried out to investigate the psychological effects of bullying on victims of bullying acts using self report method. Negative Act Scale was designed and validated to assess experience of bullying among students. Also, Symptom Distress Checklist (SCL-90) was used to assess manifestations of emotional distress among the respondents. The study was anchored on Social-Information-Processing Theory. Participants for the study were obtained from both private and public schools in Lagos, including boarders and non-boarders aged between 12 and 19 with mean age of 11. It was hypothesized that bullying behaviour will be more prevalent among boys than girls in both private and public schools. Also, hypothesized was that bully victims were more likely to report more psychopathologic tendencies. The result showed higher incidence of bullying among boys than girls. It also shows significant correlations between bullying and all the 10 symptoms of distress investigated. The implication of the study is that there is need for proper monitoring of relationships and activities that occur among secondary school students, to prevent lasting emotional damage that can result from bullying.
Effect of election irregularities on socio-economic development of the people in selected rural communities of Delta State in NigeriaAuthor Olufemi Onweazu OkojiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 142 –150 (2011)More Less
Since the fourth Republic there have been trends of bad leadership in the State resulting from election irregularities committed that produce leaders in the State. The nature, extent and magnitude of rigging associated with elections in this state are posing a serious threat to the state quest for stable socioeconomic development and democratic practices, as well as the attainment of the long term goal of consolidated democracy. Thus, this study examines the effect of election irregularities on socio-economic development of the rural dwellers in Delta State. The study adopted descriptive survey research of Ex- post facto. The instrument used in this research work was tagged Election Irregularities Scale (SES), which was administered in three selected local Government in Delta South West Senatorial District. Chi square was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant.
Evaluation of voluntary counselling and testing services in a health district, South Africa : service providers' perspectivesSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 151 –166 (2011)More Less
The aim of this study was to evaluate the Voluntary Counselling and HIV testing (VCT) services for counsellor effectiveness, availability and accessibility, and the barriers towards implementation of the programme. The sample included 60 VCT counsellors working at hospitals and clinics situated within the Greater Tzaneen sub-district geographical area systematically sampled from the total number of trained VCT counsellors in this sub-district (±200). Results indicate that almost all were confident or very confident (96.6%) and felt comfortable or very comfortable (96.6%) in providing VCT services. Not all (8.3%) had a private counselling room available and 35% lacked information, education and counselling materials. More than half of the respondents reported shortage of counsellors as the main obstacle in rendering VCT (58.3%), followed by lack of counsellor support at 13.3%. The majority of respondents have never attended a debriefing or mentoring session (65%), while only a third of the respondents have attended a debriefing or mentoring session (35%). Almost two-thirds (58.3%) indicated that had not attended an update or refresher course on VCT.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 167 –189 (2011)More Less
The effect of colour conditioning on taste, quality and liking perception of fruit flavoured drinks was investigated in this study using a Between-Subjects Experimental Design. This study utilized twenty four (24) psychology students of Covenant University as participants. The colour of the fruit drink served as the independent variable while dependent variables such as taste, quality and liking perception were measured. Six research hypotheses were stated and tested. The results indicated that there was no significant difference in the association of colour with taste based on gender (t =. 29, p>0.05). Colour was observed to have a significant effect on taste and quality perception (t=2.10, p<0.05) and (t=3.0, p<0.05) respectively. Relationships between colour and the three dependent variables were observed. There was a negative but not significant relationship between colour and taste perception as well as colour and liking perception, while a positive but not significant relationship was observed between colour and quality perception. A significant positive relationship between quality and liking perception was observed (r=.63, p<0.01). From the findings, it was concluded that colour has an effect on taste and quality perceptions although the result seemed inconclusive concerning the effect of colour on how much participants liked the drink. It is therefore recommended that food designers put into consideration the colour of food products as it would have an effect on consumers' decision making and buying behaviour.
Author M.A. AjalaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 191 –198 (2011)More Less
This study examined psycho-social correlates of adjustment in adult amputees. A total number of sixty upper and lower limbs adult amputees were purposively drawn from people living with physical disabilities in Ibadan and Ogbomoso cities for the research. The mean age and standard deviation for female participants were 30.5 years and 5.8 respectively while those of male participants were 26.6years and 7.7 respectively.
The study's design was Expost-facto. Data collection was done by using structured questionnaire which contained the locus of control, self-concept, social support and coping scales. Multiple Regressions was used to test the independent and joint influence of these factors on adjustment. The result revealed significant influence of self-concept (t = 0.07, β = 0.03, P<.05), Sex (t = -2.15, β = -2.76; P<.05) and age of onset (t = 1.70, β = 0.22; P<.05) on adjustment. The variables together exert only 15% influence on adjustment (F = 1.89, R2 = 0.149, P<.05).
The influence of attending church-owned and government-owned universities on sexual attitude and risky-sexual behaviour of emerging youthSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 199 –211 (2011)More Less
This study employed descriptive survey design to investigate the influence of attending church-owned and government-owned universities on sexual attitude and risky sexual behaviour of emerging youths, indicating a social assumption as well as an empirical association between the variables and show that religiosity is a potent gatekeeper of certain behaviours which may include sexual attitudes and risky behaviours of individuals. The Nigerian context is one in which proliferation of private universities owned by religious bodies have crafted curricula based on this assumption. 200 students were randomly selected from the two groups for the study. The results showed that the independent variable (religiosity) had a significant influence on the sexual attitude but no significant influence on risky-sexual behaviours of youths in both groups. The study also showed significant difference in religiosity, sexual attitude and risky-sexual behaviours among the two groups. Implication for the study is the inclusion of religious participation in schools which should be done in such a way that it does not infringe on the fundamental rights of the students. Academic excellence should be encouraged among students in order to further divert their attention from risky-sexual behaviours.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 212 –226 (2011)More Less
The study seeks to explain the interactive and relative effects of emotional intelligence and human relationship management on the organizational commitment of Nigerian civil servants. Simple random sampling technique was used in selecting 300 participants from Ministries of Education, Local government affairs, Civil service commission, Agriculture and Governors office of Bayelsa and Oyo States. Of the sample selected, 160 were males and 140 were females. Their ages range between 28 and 55 years with a mean age of 36.7 and a standard deviation of 6.9. Three instruments: Emotional intelligence scales (EIS), Human relationship management scale (HRMS) and Organizational commitment questionnaire (OCQ) were used to collect data from the participants. Data analysis involved the use of Pearson Product Moment Correlation and multiple regressions. The results indicated that the two independent variables, when taken together, were effective in predicting organizational commitment. Each of the variables contributed significantly to the prediction of organizational commitment with emotional intelligence making higher contribution to the prediction of Organizational commitment. Based on the outcome of the study, Emotional intelligence intervention and Human relationship management programmes were advocated in order to enhance the organizational commitment of the civil servants.
Author Onipede WusuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 227 –245 (2011)More Less
Previous studies on the association between HIV risk perception and sexual behaviour limited classification of risk perception to low and high, and their findings are largely mixed. This study seeks to contribute to knowledge on this association through the inclusion of the reasons why respondents indicate certain risk perceptions in the analysis. Data were generated through a survey conducted among adolescent boys and girls in Lagos Metropolis between December, 2009 and February, 2010. Bivariate and multivariate analyses reveal that at least 70% of both girls and boys perceived that they were at low risk of HIV. Majority of those who perceived they were at high risk of the infection were found more likely to be sexually active and involved in risky sexual behaviours such as multiple sexual partnerships. Higher proportion of boys indicated involvement in virtually all the risky sexual behaviours irrespective of their risk perception and reasons. Interventions should focus on other channels of behaviour change towards curbing HIV among adolescents instead of campaigns to raise the level of risk perception among young people.
Relationship between parenting style, family type, personality dispositions and academic achievement of young people in NigeriaAuthor Esther Foluke AkinsolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 246 –227 (2011)More Less
An attempt was made in this study to determine the relationship between parenting styles, family types, personality dispositions and academic achievement of young people. 352 university students (144 males & 208 females) from single parent, monogamous and polygamous families responded to measures of parenting style and some personality variables and their scores on these variables and their academic performances were compared. It was hypothesized that: there would be significant and positive correlations between parenting styles and personality variables of self esteem, need for achievement, locus of control, sense of competence and academic achievement scores; that the personality variables would predict academic achievement of the participants; and that young people from families where authoritative parenting was practiced would report higher levels of the personality variables studied and obtain higher academic achievement
The obtained results partially supported the hypotheses and identified type of family as the strongest predictor of academic achievement. The results also implicated authoritative parenting and single parent families in high academic achievement.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 268 –284 (2011)More Less
This paper used focus group discussions to identify the impacts of the extended family system and gender on entrepreneurship among the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba who constitute more than half of the Nigerian total population The study started by examining the various programmes introduced to encourage entrepreneurship in Nigeria using secondary data from both local and international sources. It was found that despite spirited efforts by Nigerian government to encourage entrepreneurship, little has been achieved. The extended family system and gender were implicated in the state of entrepreneurial activities among the study population. The paper concluded by recommending programmes and policies that consider the local peculiarities, an adaptation of foreign mediated entrepreneurial development programmes to local context and an educational policy targeted at changing the values and customs that are anti-entrepreneurial.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 285 –295 (2011)More Less
The purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which work-life balance policies / practices are a reality for employees of banking sector. The article is based on a mixed method approach utilising both qualitative and quantitative methods. Semistructured interviews were utilised for the qualitative and questionnaire used for the quantitative. There was a general sense of lack of awareness of work-life balance policies.
Author Isaac Mensah BoafoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 19, pp 296 –320 (2011)More Less
At present the most effective means of preventing HIV beside abstinence is the use of condoms during sexual intercourse. One of the major determinants of condom use during sexual intercourse is condom use self-efficacy. This study examines the association between adolescent dating violence and condom use self-efficacy.
The study is based on data from the SATZ study. For the purposes of this study, baseline data from Cape Town was utilized. The complex general linear model in SPSS was used to establish the relationship between dating violence and condom use self-efficacy.
Of the 3747 participants, 33.3% have ever been involved in dating violence. Boys were more likely to be perpetrators as well as victims of dating violence. Females are likely to have higher condom use self-efficacy. However they were more likely to have low self-efficacy with regards to condom use skills. Analysis with complex general linear model shows that 8% of the variability in condom use self-efficacy could be predicted by dating violence, gender and socio-economic status.
HIV prevention and reproductive health programs that aim to increase condom use self-efficacy among adolescents in Cape Town must focus more on the prevention of dating violence itself, and the correct use of condoms.