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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 2, Issue 2, 1994
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 2, Issue 2, 1994
Volumes & issues
Volume 2, Issue 2, 1994
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 1 –18 (1994)More Less
Data based on responses of 218 Kenyan and 270 Zimbabwean 14-15 year old secondary school students shows the Learning Process Questionnaire (LPQ; Biggs, 1987) to be fairly reliable, factorially valid, and to correlate with self-esteem and locus of control much as expected. Comparison with like-aged students from Australia and Nigeria calls into question the stereotype that students from African countries are more prone to surface learning strategies than Western students.
Author F. ZindiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 19 –32 (1994)More Less
The process of standardizing the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R, 1974) using Zimbabwean norms With a view to adapting the scale to Zimbabwean culture and milieu was conducted. After the WISC-R was administered by 5 educational psychologists to 300 rural and urban boys and girls aged below nine years (in grades 1, 2, and 3), the data was checked for items that were difficult through the use of differential item techniques, and a revised version of the scale was prepared using Zimbabwean norms.
A critical assessment of the relationship between reliability and validity of some selected psychological testsAuthor Jonathan A. OdukoyaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 33 –46 (1994)More Less
This study investigated the relationship of reliability and validity. Three standardised psychological tests were administered on 268 Nigerian secondary students spread over forms one, three and five. The tests were administered twice within a period of six weeks to allow for the computation of test-retest reliability. The Cronbach's r, the Split-half r, the Spearman-Brown r and the Kuder-Richardson (KR) 20 r were also derived. Content and construct validities were established through Z-test, t-test, factor analysis and correlation coefficient. It was concluded that when it is said that valid tests are reliable, it is the internal consistency reliability that is being referred to rather than the test-retest reliability. In essence, not all valid tests will necessarily furnish indices of reliability on all types of reliability coefficients.
Author Ayanniyi B. AlhassenSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 47 –56 (1994)More Less
Teenage pregnancy and teen parenting have become enormous problems in developing countries, especially in our sprawling large cities and growing towns. There is an over-riding need to learn ahout the opposite sex in relation to one's own sex. During the age of adolescence, children would like to know some sex characteristics. We cannot achieve much by preventing our youths from henefiting from sex education programme. If school is a place to learn about life, there is nothing wrong with sex education programme in schools.
Author Adeola Joy BadekaleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 57 –66 (1994)More Less
The gender issue as it relates to development and peace in Nigeria is examined in this paper. The paper highlights the fact that women as part of the gender issue need to be recognised more as contributors to development in order for peace to be maintained. The gender issue in most countries has become overwhelming along the same line as the need for national development, particularly in the areas of technology. Peace as a factor also has become the focus of urgent attention. This is because development cannot take place where there is no peace.
Students guidance concerns and preference for expert guidance: a study of students in higher institution in KanoAuthor Ibrahim A. KoloSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 67 –80 (1994)More Less
The study is an attempt to further highlight the problems and guidance concerns of students of higher institutions of learoing. Two hundred and thirty one students from four higher institutions in Kano State (Nigeria) made up the sample for analysis of their educational, personal-social and vocational problems as well as their guidance concerns through a researcher designed Students Problems Ventilation Scale (S.P.V.S.). It is strongly recommended that functional guidance and counselling services be urgently introduced in higher institutions to help curb students problem experiences.
Author Zubairu K. DagonaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 81 –93 (1994)More Less
In this study two hundred and fifty six commercial motor cyclists were interviewed at various locations in Jos, Blakuru and Bauchi, to establish the extent to which their use of psychoactive substances is related to their involvement in accidents. The results revealed that 98% of the cyclists take alcohol, kolanuts, amphetamines and valium. Married cyclists more than unmarried cyclists were involved in chewing kolanuts and/or amphetamines. 84.94% of the cyclists were involved in accidents in the past 12 months.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 94 –105 (1994)More Less
With Malawi having one of the highest rates of AIDS in the world and prevention programmes visibly continuing to fail, the present study was motivated by the pressing need to identify alternative and sustainable resources. A total of 175 undergraduates at the national University of Malawi rated the credibility, both past and future, of the possible sources of advice regarding the disease. This time perspective revealed just one consistently prominent resource: the community alternative of the family. We discuss the applications of this particular finding within the real context of changes occuring in Malawi's political and economic situation, concluding that the family has the potential to make a truly significant contribution to the management of AIDS in the country, and very possibly in the region as a whole.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 106 –117 (1994)More Less
This study is concerned with the mental health profile of some Nigerian university students. Records of attendance in a university psychology clinic over a ten-year period were perused to determine the frequency of occurrence of mental ill-health conditions in the student-clients. In the case of the 170 clients (127 males and 43 females) included in the study, the results of the analysis of data showed that; (1) attendance at the clinic was more from the liberal arts courses than from the natural sciences; (2) the most frequently presented symptoms are anxiety based, and (3) the diagnosis of the problems were more inclined to anxiety and self-esteem disorders. The findings relating to symptom presentation and diagnosis were held as providing support for earlier assertions that students manifest peculiar psychopathological conditions.
Sex, religious background and educational qualification variables on sexual dissatisfaction among couplesAuthor Festus D. KoloSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 118 –128 (1994)More Less
In this paper sexual dissatisfaction among 88 sampled married respondents was investigated. Three hypotheses based on sex, religious background and educational qualification were stated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A two sample t-test statistics was used to analyse the data. All the hypotheses were retained. The implications of the findings for sex therapy in behavioural perspective were highlighted.
Author Peter F. OmoluabiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 2, pp 129 –135 (1994)More Less
Diaphragmatic breathing is an exercise which induces a state of physiological and psychological relaxation. The paper focuses on the process of learning the exercise. The two-stage process consisted of a ten-step training stage and a six-step practice stage. The concept, mechanism and the application of the exercise in sporting activities were examined. Empirical studies highlighting the efficacy of diaphragmatic breathing in reducing anxiety were reviewed.