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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
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- Volume 20, Issue 1, 2012
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 20, Issue 1, 2012
Volumes & issues
Volume 20, Issue 1, 2012
Psychological well-being : the contributions of perceived prevalence of financial crime, socioeconomic status and gender among unemployed youth in southeastern NigeriaAuthor Fabian O. UgwuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 275 –293 (2012)More Less
The study examined the contributions of perceived prevalence of financial crime, socioeconomic status and gender on psychological well-being among unemployed. The cross-sectional survey research design was employed. Participants were 288 unemployed graduates sampled in Enugu, southeastern Nigeria. They were aged 24-35 years, with a mean age of 28.6 years. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) developed by Goldberg (1972) was administered on the participants to assess their psychological well-being. A three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) results showed that participants differed significantly in their psychological well-being with participants high in perception of prevalence of financial crime reporting poorer health than those with low perception of prevalence of financial crime. Participants high in socioeconomic status reported poorer health than those low in socioeconomic status. Female participants reported higher GHQ-12 scores indicating poorer health than their male counterparts. The results suggested that once prevalence of financial crime is highly perceived it can be deleterious to health.
Psychosocial health indexing in marriage : a pilot study of emphatic accuracy, personal-relational dialetics, and gender in relationship maintenance among Ibibio couplesAuthor F.A. Ottu IboroSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 294 –322 (2012)More Less
The social psychological literature contains numerous illustrations of how the social-cognitive perspective can inform our understanding of close relationships. Among the numerous forms of close relationships, marriage stands out as paramount in the preservation and sustenance of the human race. This study therefore examined marital relationship maintenance as influenced by empathic-accuracy, personal-relational dialectics and gender among Ibibio couples. The survey design was used and data was analysed using the independent t-test. Sixty-three participants (32 females and 31 males) living in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria participated in the study which sought to investigate these variables as aspects of psychological and social health indices in marriage. Three hypotheses were tested. The first hypothesis which stated that there will be a statistically significant difference in marital relationship maintenance between empathically-accurate and empathically-inaccurate couples was confirmed (t = -2.58, df(50.00), p <.05). The empathically-accurate couples were better in relationship maintenance. The second hypothesis which tested statistically significant difference in relationship maintenance between couples who resolve their dialectical tensions on a personal equilibrium level and those who do so on a relational equilibrium level was also confirmed. (t = -2.15, df(40.4), p < .05). Relational equilibrium level couples maintained better relationships. The third hypothesis which tested gender differences in relationship maintenance confirmed females as better partners in relationship maintenance (t = -(56.01), p <.05). These results were discussed with implications on previous findings. The study therefore advocated that potential couples weigh relevant options and go on to contract only those marriages that would stand the test of time.
Overcrowding, age and gender differences in the manifestation of state anxiety among undergraduate students in a Nigerian public universitySource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 323 –337 (2012)More Less
Most students in tertiary institutions in Nigeria have a hard time procuring adequate accommodation. Hence, they are usually left with the option of having to share a room with many people resulting in over-crowded hostels. This study sought to examine the effect of over-crowding, age and gender on the state anxiety levels of undergraduates in a Nigerian public university. 192 participants were selected from male and female students residing in the hostels and off-campus with age range of 16 - 30 (mean age = 22.80; SD = 2.70). Average person per room was used to determine how crowded the room was and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory form Y - 1 (STAI - Y1) was administered on the participants. A three-way ANOVA showed a non significant interaction effect between overcrowding, age and gender on the manifestation of anxiety among university undergraduates, F(2, 180) = 2.22, p = 0.11. The result also revealed a significant main effect of gender on the manifestation of state anxiety among undergraduates, F(1, 180) = 18.212, p = 0.00, where males manifested more anxiety than female undergraduates. There was also a significant interaction effect of overcrowding and gender F(1, 180) = 5.67, p = 0.02. It was concluded that university undergraduates should be provided with adequate accommodation in higher institutions they attend in order to reduce overcrowding and state anxiety among undergraduates.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 338 –348 (2012)More Less
The study was an experiment that investigated short-term memory and digit span among the psychology students in a federal and state university in Lagos State, Nigeria. Memory is the process involved in retaining; retrieving and using information about stimuli, images, events, ideas and skills after original information was no longer present. A total of forty-two students participated in the study. Twenty-one of them were males while the remaining were females. They were given digit span to memorized and vocalised between two to four seconds. T-independent test was used to analysis the two hypotheses formulated for this study. The result showed that there was no gender difference in recall of digit span numbers and also there was a significant difference in the recall of digit span numbers between the participants from the two universities.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 349 –368 (2012)More Less
The atrocious civil war which had plagued the people of Angola for more than two decades came to a decisive end in 2002. Conceivably, the drawn-out conflict left the national economy, infrastructure and inhabitants of oil region in tatters. Therefore, this article will analyse the concept of victims and victimology and the likely impact of Angola's oil exploration on Cabinda's inhabitants. It will further investigate the impasse between Luanda and Cabinda from the perspective of the impact of oil revenues, of which a significant proportion is derived from the latter's oil fields, on Angola's overall fiscal governance and allocation to Cabinda's inhabitants. Additionally, the analysis will explore the corollary of Cabinda's plight on multinational oil companies, as well as their reaction to the crisis.
Senior High School female students' interest in physics as a course of study at the university level in GhanaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 369 –379 (2012)More Less
The study of females' interest in physics is an issue of international concern. Of the sciences, physics is the subject in which the increase in the number of females involved has been particularly low. The term 'interest' may usually refers to preference to engage in some types of activities rather than others. This study investigated whether Ghanaian Senior High School female science students would prefer to study physics at the university or not and the reasons for their choice. Two hundred and one final year female students in four Senior High Schools offering biology, chemistry and physics in the Cape Coast Metropolis of the Central Region of Ghana, participated in the study. Data was obtained with Questionnaire on Female Participation in Physics and Interview Protocol, administered to the female students. The findings from the study suggest that female students do not prefer physics as a course of study at the university level due to limited career opportunities in the subject. An implication from this study is that female enrolment in physics will not improve unless information about career awareness in the subject is made available to students. Serious efforts must be made by physics educators as well as Physics Departments to create awareness of career opportunities in the study of physics.
Comparative study of casual and regular workers' job satisfaction and commitment in two selected banks in Lagos StateAuthor David Oluwatoyin OloyedeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 380 –393 (2012)More Less
This study investigated the comparative study of regular and casual workers' job satisfaction and commitment in two selected banks in Lagos State, A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. A total of 145 respondents were selected for the study using proportionate stratified sampling technique. The instrument used for this study was a set of questionnaire comprising two sub-scales (Job Satisfaction and job commitment scales with reliability co-efficient 0.87 and 0.89 respectively) The data collected through questionnaire was analyzed using t-test statistics. The findings of the study revealed that there was no significant difference between job satisfaction of casual and regular workers: Also both casual and regular workers demonstrated equal level of job commitment in the selected banks in Lagos State. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Organizations should ensure conducive physical working conditions of workplace provide incentives and put in place financial incentives policy for its workers. This will definitely enhance job satisfaction and commitment to organizational goal achievement among the workforce.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 394 –402 (2012)More Less
This study sampled 554 (362 junior cadre and 192 middle cadre) employees with a view to investigating the extent to which their work performance orientations and their ratings of the quality of their immediate superiors may dictate the amount of cognitive and affective trusts they hold for their superiors - employee cadre, was employed as a control variable. Data analysis via two separate 2x2x2 ANOVA revealed significant main influences of leadership quality and performance orientation on both affective and cognitive trusts such that employees who perceived high leadership qualities in their superiors reported higher affective and cognitive trusts than employees who saw their superiors as possessing low leadership qualities. Likewise, employees who rated their organization as being high in performance orientation trusted their superiors more than employees who rated their organization as being low in performance orientation. The interaction between leadership quality and employee cadre was significant on affective trust but not on cognitive trust. Among employees who rated the quality of their superiors as high, the junior ones reported a higher affective trust than their middle cadre counterparts. Post hoc further shows that affective trust for superiors was higher among both junior and middle cadre employees who rated their superior's leadership quality as high than for the junior and middle cadre employees who found their superiors to be low in leadership quality. Nevertheless, affective trust is higher for junior employees compared to middle cadre employees when employees judged their superiors' leadership quality as being high. But where superiors are judged as possessing low leadership quality, middle cadre employees report a higher affective trust compared to junior employees. The findings were discussed in the light of reviewed empirical and theoretical literatures with the implications of the study for organizational growth strongly highlighted.