n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - For the protégé : getting your feet wet without worrying about drowning : chapter 11

Special issue 1
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



Over the years, several articles have indicated the benefits of mentoring relationships (Levinson, Darrow, Klein, Levinson, & Mckee, 1978; Roche, 1979). However, it was the publication of Kram's (1985) seminar work on this concept that made researchers to pay greater attention to it. Much of the extant research has examined the benefits of mentoring for protégés, finding that mentoring is related to important career outcomes such as salary level, promotion rate, and job satisfaction, among other outcomes (e.g. Chao, Walz, & Gardner, 1992; Whitely, Dougherty & Dreher, 1991). As a result of the potential benefits of mentoring for protégés, individuals are often advised to seek out a mentor, and many organizations encourage mentoring relationships between organizational members (Burke & Mckeen, 1989, Douglass & McCauley, 1999; Kram, 1985).

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