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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
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- Volume 21, Issue 1, 2013
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 21, Issue 1, 2013
Volumes & issues
Volume 21, Issue 1, 2013
Impact of socio-economic status of parents and family location on truant behaviour of secondary school students in the North-West Senatorial District of Benue StateSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 274 –283 (2013)More Less
This study investigated the impact of socio-economic status of parents and family location on truant behaviour of secondary school students in the North-West Senatorial District of Benue State. The survey design was used to carry out the study using a sample of 400 respondents selected from different schools within the senatorial district. Student Truant Behaviour Questionnaire (STBQ) was used as instrument for data collection. Chi-square statistics was used to test the two hypotheses at .05 level of significance. It was found that family location and socio-economic status of parents has significant impact on truant behaviour of secondary school students (P>.05 df2 x2 Cal. 5.97, x2 tab. 3.841; P>.05 df2 x2 Cal. 14.20 x2 tab. 5.99 respectively). The researchers recommended that parents from whatever location and socio-economic status should have enough time to check their children's attendance at school from time to time and that school counsellors should render necessary counselling services to truant students in their various schools in order to improve on their school attendance. It is also recommended that school counselors should engage teachers in seminars on effective behavior modification strategies and techniques so as to instill discipline in the students.
The role HIV-related blame and stigmatisation play on risk perception, self efficacy and sexual behaviour among students in GhanaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 284 –303 (2013)More Less
This is a descriptive study that explores how 702 students from selected secondary schools and a university represent the origin and spread of HIV/AIDS, risks associated with HIV/AIDS, self efficacy and sexual behaviours. The study revealed that where participants attribute the cause and spread of HIV/AIDS to the other, they are more likely to have low risk perception, low self efficacy and unsafe sexual behaviours when the sample is sexually active. The findings have implication for policy making and HIV/AIDS prevention programmes.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 304 –323 (2013)More Less
The study examined the knowledge and use of contraceptive methods by urban and rural women in Umuahia, Abia State. Data for the study were collected through a service questionnaire and 6 in-depth interviews. A total of 500 women were selected from both rural and urban areas of the state. The study adopted a multi-stage sampling method. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS) at univariate and bivariate levels. The analysis strongly suggested that level of education, place of residence had a powerful effect on knowledge and use of modern contraceptive methods. The use of modern contraceptive methods was predominant among women aged 35-44 years. The reason was attributed to fear of conception amongst them. The main sources of knowledge of family planning were radio/TV and schools. The study recommends that subjects/courses on modern contraceptive methods and family planning should be introduced in our schools curriculum from secondary level.
Author B. O. MokuoluSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 324 –345 (2013)More Less
This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of social anxiety and its correlates among undergraduates, and the psychosocial factors that predict it. Nine hundred and twenty six undergraduates from six universities in south-western Nigeria, whose consent had been obtained responded to the assessment battery which consisted of Appraisal of Social Concern(Telch, Lucas, Smith, powers, heimberg and Hart 2004); Dating and Assertion Questionnaire (Levenson and Gottman, 1978); Fear of Negative Evaluation (Watson and Friend, 1969); and Social Maladjustment Scale (Wiggins, 1960). Statistical analysis, using Regression Analysis and Four-Way ANOVA, revealed that while some factors predicted social anxiety (such as dating anxiety and fear of negative evaluation); Self esteem, Social maladjustment and assertiveness did not. Also demographic variables did not have any significant effect on social anxiety. A cut-off point of 40.71 was also derived as norm for high social anxiety.
Author Uzochukwu N. IsraelSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 346 –360 (2013)More Less
Selfâ??efficacy is the belief in one's capabilities to organize and execute courses of action required to manage prospective situations. The goal of this study was to examine the influence of self-efficacy, academic level and gender in predicting university maladjustment. A total of 200 undergraduate students (100 male and 100 female) with ages ranging from 16 to 50 years and a mean age of 22.5 years and from diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds from the University of Lagos in Nigeria participated in the study. They completed two instruments- the Physical Self-efficacy (PSE) and the University maladjustment scales. It was hypothesized that students with a high sense of self-efficacy and those in higher academic levels will be better adjusted as well as males having a higher sense of self-efficacy than females. Although males had higher self-efficacy than females, the difference was not significant and neither was there gender differences in the area of maladjustment. Another finding was that there was an inverse relationship between physical self-efficacy and maladjustment. The implication of this is that as physical self-efficacy increases, university adjustment increases, in other words, maladjustment decreases. Recommendations that people must have a robust sense of personal efficacy to sustain the perseverant effort needed to succeed were made.
Predictive influence of factors predisposing secondary school adolescents dropouts to sexual risk behaviour in Ogun StateSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 361 –386 (2013)More Less
This study examined the predictive influence of factors predisposing secondary school adolescents' dropouts to sexual risk behaviour in Ogun state, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design which sought to determine Adolescents sexual risk behaviours among in - school adolescents in Ogun state. A descriptive was adopted for this study. The participants in the study were sexually active adolescents from Ogun state. These adolescents were primarily from secondary schools adolescent dropouts. They were drawn from Sapon, Itoko, Itoku, Onikolobo, Wari, Eleweeran, Ake, Isabo, Adatan and Ita-Osin in Abeokuta South and North Local government areas of Ogun State. The sample for this study was composed of 400 randomly selected sexually active adolescents (118 males and 337 females) with a mean age of 15.6 years (SD = 1.2; range = 13-19 years old). The result showed that sexual risk behaviour correlates with: (1). Sexual risk attitude (r = .120; p < .05), (2). Parent/peer approval of condom use (r = .114; p> .05), , attitude about personal use of condoms (r = .638; p>.05), gender (r = .555; p>.05). However, there is negative correlation between knowledge associated with transmission of HIV and sexual risk behaviour (r = .006; NS). There were other significant inter-correlations among the independent variables. Further, revealed that attitude about personal use of condoms made the most significant contribution (Beta = .580; t = 9.690; P < 0.05) to the prediction. Other variables also made significant contributions in this descending order (gender: Beta = .175; t = 3.215; P < 0.05); (parent/peer approval of condom use: Beta = .155; t = 4.194; p <0.05); (sexual risk attitude: Beta = .122; t = 2.684; p <0.05); knowledge associated with transmission of HIV: Beta = .062; t = 1.628; p < 0.05). Based on the result of the findings, it was recommended that the quality and quantity of messages targeting young people should be increased as mass media is clearly an effective tool for getting information to young people about STIs/HIV/AIDS prevention needs.