n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Socio-economic status, locality and patterns of adolescents' self-esteem among Nigerian sample




This study looked at the influence of socio-economic status, and locality on the patterns of adolescents' self-esteem among a Nigeria sample. Three hundred (300) secondary school students randomly drawn from both urban and rural areas of Enugu in Enugu State participated in the study. Their age ranged between 14 years and 17 years with a mean age of 15.5 years. Patterns of adolescents' self-esteem were assessed with Hudson's index of self-esteem (ISE). In addition, students' socio-economic statuses were determined from their demographic information bordering on their parents' educational level, job statuses, family income and social status. A 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that socio-economic status and locality significantly influenced adolescents' patterns of self-esteem. It was suggested that serious efforts should be made by teachers, parents and governmental agencies as well in instituting enhancement programmes from early childhood through adolescent development stages. This has become necessary given the negative implications of low self-esteem on the adolescents, family relations and the society in general.


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