n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - The legislature and constituency representation in the fourth republic of Nigeria's democratic governance

Volume 21, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



Citizens' representation embodied in the legislature is a central component and an indispensable principle of democratic governance. This is because the legislature is the primary mechanism of popular sovereignty that provides for the representation in governance, of the diverse interests in a multicultural and subnational society. Legislative institution in Nigeria however, has been viewed as underdeveloped and inexperienced, emanating from the prolonged dictatorial and authoritarian rule by the military which while it lasted, either outrightly proscribed the legislature or completely subordinated it to the executive arm of government. The return to civil rule or constitutional government from military dictatorship in 1999 is essentially the return of the legislature. Disturbingly, twelve years after the commencement of democratization in Nigeria, legislative politics in the country is yet to show clear evidences of citizens' representation in governance. Findings revealed that the Nigeria's national parliament though have recorded improvement in terms of legislation and oversight roles, offers a slim ray of hope in championing constituents' interests due to certain sociopolitical and economic forces that continue to undermine the country's legislative efficiency.

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