n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - The association between social network, socio-demographic variables and cognitive functions of a Nigerian sample of elderly people

Volume 21, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



The association between socio-demographic factors (age, gender, education, income, bridge employment, residential area and social network) and cognitive function in a sample of elderly people aged 65-75 years was investigated in a Nigerian setting. The data was obtained from 640 respondents with structured questionnaire containing scales for measuring social network (children, extended family, friends, neighbours and participation in clubs/societies), a six-item cognitive function screener and self-rated memory. Cross tabulation and chi square analyses revealed significant associations (=0.000-0.021) between all the socio-demographic factors tested except gender. This indicated that high social network, good education, favourable income and living in an environment with good security and devoid of noise, promotes cognitive function. This report substantiates findings on cognitive function from other parts of the world in related researches concerning old people thereby suggesting that modulation of the ageing process is identical across the world, cultural influence notwithstanding.

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