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- Volume 21, Issue 2, 2013
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 21, Issue 2, 2013
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Volume 21, Issue 2, 2013
Author A.O. ElegbeleyeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 170 –180 (2013)More Less
An individual's ability to work productively, attain self-actualization, and make useful contribution to his or her community is a function of his or her mental health. Poor mental health has the capacity to interfere with an individual's ability to function adequately across all areas of life. It has however been shown that the consequences of poor mental health in childhood extend into adulthood, which clearly indicates that a healthy mental development in childhood is of utmost importance. Children who are victims of circumstances stand the risk of being exposed to experiences that could negatively affect their mental health thereby robbing them of the opportunity of a healthy mental development in childhood and a healthy mental status in adulthood. This paper therefore looked at the mental health of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), the factors that can predict their mental health, and what to be done to improve their experiences, which can in turn, improve their mental health.
Library 2.0 : perception, knowledge and reception among information professionals at Covenant University LibraryAuthor Ugwunwa Chinyere EsseSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 181 –189 (2013)More Less
The research was done to examine the perception, knowledge and reception attitude of Information professionals at Covenant University Library. The nature of Lib 2.0 was briefly explained. The research paper also captured problem factors that hinder successful implementation of Library 2.0. The results show that a high level of awareness of Library 2.0 applications among information professionals. Blogs, RSS, IM and other Web 2.0 tools and services can assist Information professionals in their efforts to present information and better connect with their clients, especially the younger generations of Internet users. Though the librarians hold positive perceptions on library 2.0 applications, and indicated willingness to learn more on the utilization of 2.0 tools, they highlighted several impediments in implementing Library 2.0.
Effects of HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals on the psychosocial and economic well-being of people for sustainable development in Ibadan metropolisSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 190 –202 (2013)More Less
The study examined the effects of HIV/AIDS and the millennium development goals on the psychosocial and economic well-being of people for sustainable development in Ibadan metropolis. The study adopted descriptive survey, using a sample of 300 female and male adults from selected households in five local government areas of Ibadan metropolis. The two instruments used were authored-constructed questionnaires by adapting relevant scales to measure the studied variables. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical methods. Results obtained from this study showed that there were significant effects of poverty (f=49.8, df=1/299, p<0.05); education (f=103, df=1/299, p=<0.005); HIV/AIDS (f=78.8, df=1/299, p<0.05) and child mortality and maternal health (f=4.9, df=1/299, p<0.05). Based on these findings, it was recommended that education should be adequately enhanced in the attainment of the millennium development goal and sustainable development.
The association between social network, socio-demographic variables and cognitive functions of a Nigerian sample of elderly peopleAuthor Eucharia O. EjechiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 203 –209 (2013)More Less
The association between socio-demographic factors (age, gender, education, income, bridge employment, residential area and social network) and cognitive function in a sample of elderly people aged 65-75 years was investigated in a Nigerian setting. The data was obtained from 640 respondents with structured questionnaire containing scales for measuring social network (children, extended family, friends, neighbours and participation in clubs/societies), a six-item cognitive function screener and self-rated memory. Cross tabulation and chi square analyses revealed significant associations (P=0.000-0.021) between all the socio-demographic factors tested except gender. This indicated that high social network, good education, favourable income and living in an environment with good security and devoid of noise, promotes cognitive function. This report substantiates findings on cognitive function from other parts of the world in related researches concerning old people thereby suggesting that modulation of the ageing process is identical across the world, cultural influence notwithstanding.
The effect of corporal punishment and math anxiety on math performance among junior high school students in GhanaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 210 –219 (2013)More Less
The study investigates the effect of corporal punishment and math anxiety on math performance at the Virgo Preparatory School in Adabraka, Ghana. Thirty four (34) participants were pre-tested and post-tested using the Mathematics Anxiety Scale for elementary school students. Analysis of the results shows that there is no difference in math performance between students who receive corporal punishment and those who are reinforced as well as those who receive neither reinforcement nor corporal punishment. Finally, no significant negative correlation was found between math anxiety and math performance; however, females were found to be more anxious of maths than males. The implications of the findings are discussed.
Author Jide IbietanSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 220 –231 (2013)More Less
The general objective of this paper is to identify the link between collective bargaining and labour conflict resolution in Nigeria's public sector. Other objectives are to examine the nature of collective bargaining and conflict resolution mechanisms; and to ascertain the effectiveness of collective bargaining in solving the problems arising from labour conflicts in the public sector. It should be noted that industrial peace and working harmony are essential to the realisation of the goals and objectives of public sector organisations in Nigeria. The paper comprises: abstract; introduction; conceptual framework/literature review; discussion of findings; conclusion and recommendations. The paper observed that even though the history of collective bargaining in Nigeria is traceable to the public sector, the machinery has performed relatively poorly due to the uniqueness and employment practices of government as an employer of labour and its regulatory role. Predicated on the Dunlop/Flanders' industrial relations model and the survey research method as utilised in this study, it was also found that there is limited appreciation of the role of collective bargaining, and this hampers its efficacy in labour conflict resolution in Nigeria's public sector. This results from the narrow view of collective bargaining in approach and practice by managers of industrial relations in the public sector. The recommendations suggested can adequately invigorate the use of collective bargaining in labour conflict resolution in the public sector.
The legislature and constituency representation in the fourth republic of Nigeria's democratic governanceAuthor Samuel OniSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 232 –241 (2013)More Less
Citizens' representation embodied in the legislature is a central component and an indispensable principle of democratic governance. This is because the legislature is the primary mechanism of popular sovereignty that provides for the representation in governance, of the diverse interests in a multicultural and subnational society. Legislative institution in Nigeria however, has been viewed as underdeveloped and inexperienced, emanating from the prolonged dictatorial and authoritarian rule by the military which while it lasted, either outrightly proscribed the legislature or completely subordinated it to the executive arm of government. The return to civil rule or constitutional government from military dictatorship in 1999 is essentially the return of the legislature. Disturbingly, twelve years after the commencement of democratization in Nigeria, legislative politics in the country is yet to show clear evidences of citizens' representation in governance. Findings revealed that the Nigeria's national parliament though have recorded improvement in terms of legislation and oversight roles, offers a slim ray of hope in championing constituents' interests due to certain sociopolitical and economic forces that continue to undermine the country's legislative efficiency.
Socio-economic status difference in English language comprehension achievement of pupils with intellectual disabilitySource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 242 –249 (2013)More Less
The study examined achievement in English Language comprehension of pupils with intellectual disability. The study adopted a pretest, post-test, control group, quasi-experimental design. Ten pupils each were purposively selected from three special schools. They were assigned to two experimental groups (audio-taped and individualized instruction groups) and control. Three instruments were used: Slosson's Intelligence Test (α = 0.86), Socio-Economic Status Scale (α = 0.86), English Language Comprehension Achievement Test (α = 0.79). Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Duncan post hoc. The experimental groups were significantly higher in their comprehension score that in the control group (F(3,26) = 37.14; p< 0.05). It further showed that each of the three possible pairs of instructional groups was significantly different from one another. The individualized group had the highest performance score (x =28.50) followed by audio-taped group (x = 23.12) and the control group (x = 13.98). There was no significant main effect of socio-economic status in comprehension achievement of people with intellectual disability. However, the mean score of pupils from low socio-economic status (x = 22.62) was better than those from high (x = 22.14) and medium socio-economic status (x = 20.83). There was no significant interaction effect of treatment and socio-economic status on English Language comprehension of pupils with intellectual disability. F(3,26) = .969; p > 0.05). Pupils, special teachers, curriculum planners and future researchers would find the two strategies useful in the enhancement of English language comprehension of pupils with intellectual disability.
The moderating effect of home setting and religion affiliation on the effectiveness of contingency management and cognitive self instruction on bullying behaviour of secondary students in NigeriaAuthor Ayodele O. AdeoyeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 250 –257 (2013)More Less
Bullying constitutes a significant threat to the mental, social and physical wellbeing of school children. As an old phenomenon and worldwide problem, it has defied several efforts to curb it. This study examined the effects of contingency management and cognitive self-instruction on bullying behaviour among secondary school students in Ogun state, Nigeria. The population for the study consisted of bullies in public secondary schools in Ogun state. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select three schools and purposive sampling was used to select the participants. The study adopted a3x2x2 pre-test and post test experimental research design consisting of two treatment groups and one control group. Adolescent Peer Relation Inventory (APRI) was the instrument used for data collection and a total number of one hundred and fourteen students participated. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyse the three hypotheses formulated at the 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed a significant effect of cognitive self-instruction, contingency management and control on bullying behaviour (F2, 101 = 6.444: p<0.05). Also religion affliation (F(1,101) = .121; p > 0.05) and age (F(1,101) = 2.081; p > 0.05) individually did not affect bullying behaviour. Based on these findings, it was recommended that psychologists, counsellors, parents, teachers and social workers should use these treatment packages in controlling bullying behaviour among secondary schools students. Also the government should sponsor seminars/workshops for school counsellors and educational psychologists on how to use cognitive self-instruction and contingency management techniques in controlling bullying behaviour.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 258 –263 (2013)More Less
The study examined the perceived effect of Re-injury anxiety on team Sports Performance among Amateurs athletes in Ibadan. Fourty (40) male and female Amateur athletes drawn from a variety of sports such as Basketball, N=(13) volleyball, N=(7). Badminton, N=(6) soccer, N=(10) and table-tennis, N=(4) in Ibadan were used for the study respectively. Standardised instruments of Re-injury anxiety inventory (RIAI) (α = .79) and potency measure scale (PMS) (α = .89) with mean Age for both male = (27.41 years (SD = 4.4) and female athletes = 28.46 years (SD = 3.7) was used to test on the effect of perceived re-injury anxiety at P<0.01 alpha level. The results showed that Re-injury anxiety and rehabilitation Re-injury anxiety and re-entry into competition were significant (α = .856; P<0.05) and (α = 0.47; P<0.5) respectively. These variables were perceived as having effect on team performance. Nonetheless, correlation matrix showing the relationships between sport performance and rehabilitation and re-entry into competition of Amateur athletes revealed a significant correlation between sports performance (.856, P<0.1) and rehabilitation, but none between sport performance and Re-entry into competition (-.216, P>.05) respectively.
Author Barnabas E. NwankwoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 264 –276 (2013)More Less
This study investigated the role of emotional empathy, interpersonal attraction and gender on moral judgement among secondary school teachers in Ozubulu, in Ekwusigo local government area in Anambra state. Three hypotheses were formulated to answer the research question of whether there is any role played by emotional empathy, interpersonal attraction and gender on moral judgement among secondary school teacher at Ozubulu. The hierarchical multiple linear regression was used to analyse the hypotheses. The study found that gender was not significantly associated with moral judgement. Emotional empathy was significantly associated positively to moral judgement and Interpersonal attraction was also positively associated with moral judgement. Recommendations were made based on the implications of the study and suggestions for future researches.
Experience of childhood violence and help-seeking behaviour of students exposed to dating violence at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-IfeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 277 –289 (2013)More Less
Dating violence is a common occurrence with estimate of prevalence ranging from 28-96% (Johnson-Reids and Bimes 1999). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of dating violence, experience of childhood violence and help seeking behaviour of university students exposed to dating violence in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The study utilized a cross sectional survey design with a total of 400 students selected using a multistage, stratified, systematic sampling technique completed the Socio-demographic Data Schedule and the Conflict Tactic Scale. Univariate analysis was used to determine the prevalence of dating violence, exposure to childhood physical and sexual abuse and help seeking behavior and these were expressed in percentages. Association at bivariate level was assessed using chi-square. A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant in all cases. The age of the respondents ranged between 18 and 35 years (M=21.44, SD =2.99) with a median age of 21 years. In roughly one third (32.3%) of the cases, sexual intercourse was a part of the relationship. The prevalence of dating violence in the previous twelve months was 34%. One in three of the respondents (30.1%) had witnessed physical violence in their home of origin while about one in ten (13.3%) had history of childhood sexual abuse. One hundred and thirteen respondents (93%) did not report their experience of violence to anyone and only one respondent reported to the police. Of the respondents who experienced dating violence, more had witnessed physical violence in their homes of origin and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =6.80, df =1, p= < 0.01). Also, of those who experienced violence in their relationships, more had a history of sexual abuse in childhood (x2 =3.53, df =1, p= < 0.06). Sexual intercourse being a part of the relationship was associated with a statistically significant increase (x2 =22.29, df =1, p= < 0.001) in violence. The magnitude of dating violence found in this study is slightly higher, though comparable to those found in other countries of the world. Students in relationships where violence takes place rarely told anyone and when they did, they were likely to be friends and colleagues rather than parents or authority figures, most did not make use of the legal support systems and this may have implications for effective intervention strategies in our environment.
Effects of the basic training programme on intra-personal coping and communication skills of the personnel of Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps Benue State CommandSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 290 –295 (2013)More Less
This study investigated the effect of Basic Training Programme on Intra-personal coping and communication skills of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps personnel, Benue State Command. Three hypotheses guided the study. 238 out of the 650 personnel in the Benue Command formed the sample. A self structured questionnaire "Impact of Basic Training Programme on Intra-personal Coping and Communication Skills Questionnaire (IBTICSQ)" was used to elicit information from the respondents. Data was analyzed using frequencies, percentages t-Test and chi-square statistics. The results indicated Basic Training Programme has significant effect on intra-personal coping skills (x2 =145.36, df 1, P<.0005) and communication (x2 =142.25, df 1, P<.0005). The study also established that there was significant gender difference ( t=3.007, df = 236, P<.003) on the Impact of Basic Training Programme on intra-personal coping and communication skills of NSCDC personnel. It was recommended that the command should be encouraged to establish counselling units in all their area commands which will be manned by professional counsellors among others.
Adjustment and psychological well-being of school-going adolescent flood victims in Bayelsa State, NigeriaAuthor Victor Ayebami TorubeliSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 296 –300 (2013)More Less
Unprecedented flood ravaged about eighty percent of Bayelsa State in October, 2012 rendering many homeless. This study sought to investigate the relationship between adjustment and psychological well-being of school-going adolescent flood victims. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were combined to triangulate the study to gain a better insight of the study. Two hundred school-going adolescent flood victims were purposively sampled from various camps that were made available by the State Government. Their ages ranged between 12 and 20. Chi-square was used to analyse the quantitative data while content analysis and verbatim report was used to corroborate the quantitative analysis. The finding revealed that adjustment and psychological well-being have a significant relationship. Based on the finding, the public was encouraged to sustain the tempo of encouragement to the flood victims for sustainable adjustment and psychological well-being.
Author Ejike OkonkwoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 301 –308 (2013)More Less
This study investigated the correlation between the bidirectional aspects (work interference with family and family interference with work) of work-family conflict among mothers in the human service profession. Participants comprised 304 female teachers between the ages of 26 to 54 years (M=40.37, SD = 4.09) drawn from 24 state government secondary schools in Enugu metropolis using criterion sampling method. Okonkwo (2011) 32-item Work-Family Conflict Scale with two subscales measuring work interference with family and family interference with work was administered. Correlational design was used. Correlational analysis using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient revealed that work interference with family related slightly positively with family interference with work, r (302) = 0.37, p<.05. The result was discussed in the light of Spillover Theory. Considering the result, it was concluded that if work interference with family correlated positively with family interference with work then these bidirectional dimensions of work-family conflict should be considered both distinct and related constructs.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 309 –314 (2013)More Less
The research work examined the attitude of Tiv people of Benue State of Nigeria towards mental illness. A 21-Item developed questionnaire measuring demographic variables and attitude towards mental illness was used to collect the data. A total of 569 participants took part in the study from Tiv speaking local government areas of Benue state; out of this three hundred and six (53.78 %) were males and two hundred and thirty (40.42%) were females. Three hypotheses were tested using t-test for independent group. Results showed that there was a significant difference between youth and the elderly on their attitude towards mental illness (t (df = 566) = 2.05, P<.01). Also, there was a significant difference between male and female Tiv people on their attitude towards mental illness (t (df = 564) = 5.65; P<.01). Furthermore, there was a significant difference between the attitude of Tiv people in rural area and urban areas of Benue State (t (df = 565) = 3.70; P<.01). It was recommended that more awareness should be created and people should be sensitized about mental illness and see it as curable and manageable from scientific point of view.
Impact of culture on adjustment to bereavement in Benue and Nasarawa States of Nigeria : counseling implicationsSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 315 –320 (2013)More Less
This study examines the impact of culture on adjustment to bereavement in Benue and Nasarawa states of Nigeria and counselling implications. Three research questions and three hypotheses were postulated. The 'Bereavement and Adjustment inventory (BAI)' was developed to elicit information from two thousand, three hundred respondents The chi-square statistics was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study discovered that cultural practices of Remarriage to next of kin, deprivation of property inheritance to a particular gender and non-involvement of children in decisions affecting them have significant negative impact on social, economic and psychological adjustment to bereavement with the following results. Culture and social adjustment x2=31339, df=6 P< 0.05. Culture and economic adjustment x2=21155 with df 6, P<0.05 and culture and psychological adjustment x2= 88471 df 6 P<0.05 level of significance. Based on these findings, the researchers recommend amendment of the customary laws which are not relevant in the 21st century. It also advocates for community counseling centres to be established in both urban and rural areas to make bereavement counseling available to all and sundry.
Locating challenges in achieving MDG 2 in Ghana : stakeholder involvement in management in special schools as an exemplarAuthor Dora Baaba AidooSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 321 –330 (2013)More Less
This article explores relevant literature to locate the placement of the management of education for children with hearing impairment in the implementation of MDG 2 through SMC and stakeholder relationships. A qualitative approach employing grounded theory within a case-study was adopted for the study. Data obtained were analysed thematically and discussed. Findings indicate that in the provision of education for children with hearing impairment, avenues for stakeholder relationships were available. However, the lack of an SEN policy and negative societal attitudes mean that special schools experienced challenges in implementing MDG2. Implications of the findings for management practice and the need to close the inclusion gap for people with disabilities in the implementation of the MDGs are discussed.
Information-seeking behaviour and sources of information for people living with HIV-AIDS : case study of a military hospitalSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 331 –339 (2013)More Less
People with chronic illness like the Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV) often seek information to understand their diagnosis, decide on treatments and predict their prognosis. The fear of discrimination and stigmatization prevents people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) from easily seeking information. Factors affecting information seeking include demography, age, "cultural" behaviors, educational background and accessibility. This study determined the information-seeking behavior of a random representative sample of HIV positive patients attending the Nigerian Navy Reference Hospital, Ojo and the hospital's support group, where consultations are of short duration. Data were collected through structured questionnaire distributed at the HIV clinic and support group meetings as well as through in-depth interview within the support-group. Most respondents were aged between 20-49 years. Television/radio and support-group are the first two preferred information media (73% and 69% respectively). 20% sought information through HIV-AIDS campaign and 11% from traditional healers. Female patients sought information more than the male patients and 65% of the female respondents sought information from support-groups. Patients with no formal education (39%) consulted the traditional healers, while those with secondary school and higher qualifications use the support-group (92%). The internet was a preferred source among those with higher education but was rated lowest overall. It was found that education, age and gender influenced information-seeking by military personnel living with HIV-AIDs.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 21, pp 340 –347 (2013)More Less
This study looked at the influence of socio-economic status, and locality on the patterns of adolescents' self-esteem among a Nigeria sample. Three hundred (300) secondary school students randomly drawn from both urban and rural areas of Enugu in Enugu State participated in the study. Their age ranged between 14 years and 17 years with a mean age of 15.5 years. Patterns of adolescents' self-esteem were assessed with Hudson's index of self-esteem (ISE). In addition, students' socio-economic statuses were determined from their demographic information bordering on their parents' educational level, job statuses, family income and social status. A 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that socio-economic status and locality significantly influenced adolescents' patterns of self-esteem. It was suggested that serious efforts should be made by teachers, parents and governmental agencies as well in instituting enhancement programmes from early childhood through adolescent development stages. This has become necessary given the negative implications of low self-esteem on the adolescents, family relations and the society in general.