n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Psychotherapy and outrage in J.P. Clark's : psychotherapy and psychotherapeutic portrayals in literature

Volume 21, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



Traditional medicine, in its real context, is the totality of the ancient manner and means of restoring, preserving and protecting health. At its core is the desire to sustain practices that promote the well being of peoples in communities, particularly, before the advent of modern medicine.

The approaches to the sustenance of health as a social welfare package of peoples are adapted from and to traditional beliefs and values of each community, which are generationally transferred. Traditional medicine offers diverse areas of specialisation which include herbal medicine, midwifery, treatment of infertility and mental healing.
J.P Clark's portrays the roles a traditional psychotherapist plays among the Urhobo and Izon peoples of Niger Delta, Nigeria. These roles and the responses of the clients portrayed is the focus of this critical study which examines psychotherapy vis-a-vis therapeutic interaction between: the professional (psychotherapist) and the client and the professional (psychotherapist) and couples. This pattern highlights and identifies existing psychotherapeutic forms, peculiarly the systemic: counselling psychology, marriage and family therapy and body psychotherapy: exercise, massage and sexuality.
The symptoms portrayed in the cases examined in this study further reinforce the reality of diagnosis of disorders; defences and outrage in particular and the rippling effect of living with such conditions to the individuals and the society. This affirms the need for the continuance of psychotherapy as vital aspect of social security of nations.

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