n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - An empirical description of political thuggery and democratization in Kogi State Nigeria, 2003 - 2010




This study examined political thuggery and democratization process in Kogi State from 2003-2010. The introductory part this paper examined the ethics and tenets of democratic governance and politics which revolve around mass participation and free choice of representatives by the people. Political ethics is concerned with organizing and controlling the distribution of public goods in the society and regulation of social relations to produce peace, justice and harmony among people of a given State. Both primary and secondary sources of data collection method were explored with the administration of 1,600 questionnaires out which 1500 were returned and analyzed. The package used for data analysis was the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). This package made it easier to list the frequencies of different responses and calculate the mean, percentage and standard deviation. The decision rule adopted in this study was such that a response with a mean score of 3.0 and above was taken to have positive effect while any response with a mean score below 3.0 was taken as having negative effect and inconsequential. The paper identified the fact that the political attitude and behaviour of the operators of democracy in Kogi State failed to conform to democratic ethics and tenets. It recommended among others that politicians and all political office seekers should desist from the usage of thugs to win election so as to enable the political process remain democratic and that the National Assembly should enact a law prohibiting thuggery in Nigeria. Such law should make thuggery a treasonable offence.


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