n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Insight into illness in a sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia : sociodemographic and clinical correlates

Volume 22, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



Majority of studies evaluating insight in schizophrenia conducted in western countries have shown diverse associations between insight and various sociodemographic and clinical factors. The objectives of this study were to assess insight in a sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia. Seventy patients diagnosed with schizophrenia were recruited into the study from the mental health units of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex. Participants completed a semi-sociodemographic and illness-related questionnaire, the Insight Scale for Psychosis (ISP). The psychopathological symptoms were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Analysis was done with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 16 (SPSS for Windows, 2007). The number of relapses and hospitalizations correlated with the "ability to re-label experiences" and "insight in need for treatment items" of the ISP. All the three items of the Insight Scale for Psychosis negatively correlated with the PANSS positive, PANSS negative and PANSS general. Some of the illness-related factors and PANSS subscales were observed to have predicted the three items of the Insight Scale for Psychosis. More studies are needed in our environment to identify other factors that influence insight in patients with severe mental disorders.

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