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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- Previous Issues
- Volume 22, Issue 1, 2014
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 22, Issue 1, 2014
Volumes & issues
Volume 22, Issue 1, 2014
Developing the entrepreneurial orientation of owner-managers of small and medium enterprises in NigeriaAuthor Aderemi A. AlarapeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 22, pp 218 –231 (2014)More Less
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria have not been able to adequately carry out their traditional and conventional roles as the foundation of indigenous and overall economic development as the case with countries in Europe, America and Asia despite supports by governmental and nongovernmental institutions. This is not unconnected to dearth of information on the compositions and potentialities of the entrepreneurial posture of Nigerian SMEs that made designing appropriate interventions relatively difficult. Therefore, this paper primarily provided information on the entrepreneurial orientations (EO) of Nigerian SMEs and how they can be developed and harnessed for SMEs development. Hence, it examined the levels, patterns, strengths and weaknesses in the entrepreneurial orientation of SMEs in Southwestern Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling techniques were adopted in data collection, the data were collected through questionnaire administered on 279 SMEs in Lagos state and Ibadan area of Oyo State, Southwestern Nigeria. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result showed that the SMEs were moderate entrepreneurial oriented and at best, the SMEs are more risk-taker than proactive and least innovative. The paper suggested ways of improving the entrepreneurial orientation and observed that it is a task for all primary stakeholders (government, organised private sector, and multilateral institutions) providing assistance to SMEs in Nigeria.
Author Ejike OkonkwoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 22, pp 232 –238 (2014)More Less
This study investigated the impacts of flexible work hour and tenure on time-based work interference with family. The study comprised a Cross-sectional Survey of 118 female nurses between the ages of 27 to 59 years (M=40.35) at University of Nigerian Teaching Hospital and Orthopedic Hospital Enugu using Multi-stage sampling. Eight (8)-item Time-based Work Interference with Family Scale drawn from Okonkwo (2011) 32-item Work-family Conflict Scale was administered. 2x2 Analysis of Variance F-test revealed a significant influence of flexible work hour on time-based work interference with family F (1,117) = 19.96, p < .05 while tenure had no influence, F(1,117) = 0.07, p >. 05. These results were discussed in the light of Conservation of Resources Theory. It was concluded that flexible work hour has implications for time-based work interference with family among this segment of women.
The relationship between emotional intelligence, test anxiety, stress, academic success and attitudes of high school students towards electrochemistryAuthor Johnson Ayodele OpateyeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 22, pp 239 –249 (2014)More Less
The study investigated relationship between emotional intelligence, test anxiety, stress, academic success and attitudes towards electrochemistry of chemistry students in high schools. This study employed correlational research design. Stratified sampling technique was used to select six hundred Senior secondary school three chemistry students from 24 secondary school in Lagos state. Two instruments were used to collect data from the participants. One was Students' Emotional Intelligence, Stress and Test Anxiety Questionnaire (SEISTAQ) with reliability coefficients of 0.76, 0.83 and 0.71 respectively using Cronbach Alpha. Electrochemistry Achievement test contained multiple choice items with options A to D and the reliability coefficient was 0.79 using Kuder-Richardson-20 formula. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics to answer the research questions while Pearson product moment correlation was utilised to test hypotheses at o.05 level of significance. The results revealed that moderate emotional intelligent, low stressed and test anxious chemistry students had highest academic success in electrochemistry. Low emotional intelligent, highly stressed and high test anxious chemistry students had most favourable attitudes to electrochemistry. It was also discovered that low significant positive relationship existed between emotional intelligent and academic success and also for stress and academic success but the low insignificant relationship between test anxiety and academic success in electrochemistry. Low significant negative relationship existed between emotional intelligent and chemistry students' to electrochemistry and also between stress and attitude to electrochemistry meanwhile low positive and insignificant positive relationship existed between test anxiety and attitude to electrochemistry. It is therefore recommended that chemistry students in high schools should be intimated on how emotional intelligent, test anxiety and levels students' stress could affect their academic success and attitude towards electrochemistry. Teachers should also discover the emotional intelligent, test anxiety and stress levels so as to reduce these psychological effects on chemistry students' academic performance and learning attitudes towards electrochemistry.
Author Rachel Bolaji AsagbaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 22, pp 250 –256 (2014)More Less
The paper has examined the prevalence of Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Nigeria. It was discovered that violence against women is a common phenomenon in society and that the majority of the Nigerian people do not consider it a problem or crime. The paper recommended aggressive education and training that cuts across every strata of the society. Furthermore, it insisted that a collective measure that comprises all stakeholders such as the local, state and federal government as well as all the international agencies are required for the effective eradication of Gender based Violence in Nigeria.