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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
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- Volume 23, Issue 1, 2015
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 23, Issue 1, 2015
Volumes & issues
Volume 23, Issue 1, 2015
Age at first birth and social dimensions of under-5 child mortality in Yoruba society : the case of Osun State, NigeriaAuthor John L. OyefaraSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 23, pp 184 –196 (2015)More Less
Central to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the reduction of under-five mortality by two-third between 1990 and 2015. At the end of MDGs, child mortality is still very high in Nigeria. This necessitates the urgent needs to have clear understanding about the dynamics of child mortality in different societies of the country. This paper examines the nexus between maternal age at first birth and level of childhood mortality most especially within the socio-economic structure of Yoruba society in Nigeria. The understanding of this relationship is of direct relevance to governments and non-State actors working on child health with the aim to achieve the stated MDGs goal and its associated targets. To achieve the objective of the study, quantitative data were generated from 1,000 women in one of the six Yoruba speaking States in Nigeria: Osun State. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents, while percentages, means, standard deviation, Pearson chi square, t-test, analysis of variance and post hoc test of homogeneous were adopted to analyze generated data. Findings of the study show significant relationships between maternal age at first birth and childhood mortality level within the socio-demographic characteristics of women (such as place of residence, current age, occupational status, educational level, marital status, form of marriage and number of children ever born). Specifically, women who had their first birth below age 20 years exhibit significant higher number of childhood mortality in comparison with women who had their first birth by age 20 years and above at P<0.01 most especially when the later were at similar categories to the former. Thus, age at first birth is a strong determinant of relatively high childhood mortality level in the study area. Consequently, it is imperative for government and non-State actors working on child health in the region to develop appropriate policies and programmes that will address and inhibit early age at first birth in order to reduce significantly the level of childhood mortality in Yoruba society of Nigeria.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 23, pp 197 –203 (2015)More Less
This study investigated the relationship between locus of control and death anxiety among staff of an electricity company (Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc). Enugu. The participants were 80 workers drawn from Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc Okpara Avenue, Enugu 40 long serving staff, 40 short serving staff. Rotter (1966) locus control and Templer (1970) death anxiety questionnaires were used to collect the responses for the study. Correlation research design and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Statistics was used with age ranging from 22-53 years. The findings indicated, that there was a statistically significant relationship between internal locus of control and death anxiety among short serving staff of Power Holding Company Nigeria, (r= 0.84, 38, P<.05). The second hypothesis showed a significant relationship between external locus of control and death anxiety among short serving staff of Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc Produced (r=0.77, 38, P<.05). The third showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between internal locus of control and death anxiety among long serving staff of Power holding Company of Nigeria, plc (r=0.84, 38, P<.05) and the fourth also showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between external locus of control and death anxiety among long serving staff of Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc (r=0.86, 38, P<.05). The results were discussed. The limitations of the study were stated and suggestions made for future research.
Career prospects of youths and tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, NigeriaAuthor Oyebisi K. BakareSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 23, pp 204 –212 (2015)More Less
The study examined career prospects of youths and tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Three communities (Ikogosi-Ekiti, Ikere-Ekiti, and Ipole-Iloro-Ekiti) were purposively selected for the study considering their possession of idyllic tourist resources of national and international reputes, Ikogosi warm-spring, Olosunta festival, and Arinta waterfalls respectively. The population for the study comprised the inhabitants of the three communities. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 120 youths from each community summing to 360 respondents. Data were collected using interview guided questions. The mean age of the respondents was 19.3 years. The results showed that high percentage (70.8%) of the respondents falls between 16 and 25 years. A high percentage (75.6%) of the respondents had no exposure (never lived elsewhere). Majority (66.7%) earned their living (self upkeep) from tourism business in the locality. The findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between career prospects of youths and age (X2=32.168; p<0.05), level of education (X2=31.422; p<0.05), income (X2=36.112; p<0.05), and exposure (X2=17.287; p<0.05). The findings further revealed that positive and significant relationship existed between career support factors and Social Facilities (r = 0.1913), Entrepreneurship Education (r = 0.2812), Membership of Cooperatives (r = 0.3421), and Apprenticeship (r = 0.2133). Conversely, there existed negative but significant correlation between Loans and Credit (r = -0.1789), Formal Education (r = -0.2647), and Information/Awareness (r = -0.1592). Based on the findings, the study recommends that youth empowerment programme should include entrepreneurial training and there is the need for government to promote products and services offered by youths in the tourism host communities for expansion and extension to other places for career development and sustainable livelihood.
Passengers' variables as predictors of risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus driver in Osun StateAuthor Zaccheaus O. OlonadeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 23, pp 213 –218 (2015)More Less
The study examined the influence of passengers' attitude, age, and gender on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers in Osun state. This was with a view to assessing the roles played by the passengers in the overall service delivery of commercial bus drivers. Primary data were used in the study. It involved systematic observation and the use of questionnaire. Participatory observation was conducted, and questionnaire administered on passengers of commercial buses travelling in and out of Ile-Ife, Ilesa, and Osogbo. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used. A total of 283 passengers were used for the study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the attitude of passengers have no significant influence on the driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers. However, gender had a significant influence on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers [F(1,282)=5.27,P<0.05]. That is, female passengers have more influence on the driving behaviour of inter-city commercial bus drivers than male passengers. The study also revealed that more women (58.3%) use public transportation in Osun state than men (41.7%). It was found that more passengers in Osun state have high risk perception (80.6%). This indicates that the level of apprehension was high among intercity commercial bus passengers in Osun state. The study concluded that road users needed to be better enlightened on road use and safety in Nigeria.
Author Foluso I. JayeobaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 23, pp 219 –229 (2015)More Less
The study examined entrepreneurial intention of 668 undergraduates from two South West Nigerian Universities. The participants who indicated intention to 'start their own business' differ in entrepreneurial abilities by a higher mean score (x = 126.70) on Entrepreneurial Ability Scale (EAS) compared with those who indicated 'seek employment' (x = 121.42) and those who are not sure of their post-graduation activities (x = 123.56). One-way analysis of variance shows that no significant difference exist between 'seek employment' and those who are not sure about their future choice between 'seek employment' and 'start own business'. The study is an important indication of the role of and correlation between ability and intentions. It will be of practical benefit to conduct a follow-up/longitudinal study on future work preferences of the undergraduates who score high in entrepreneurial abilities scale as well as those who has entrepreneurial intention.
Author D. OladejiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 23, pp 230 –236 (2015)More Less
The study established the influence of paternal roles on adolescents' sexual risky behaviour. A total of two hundred (200) married men drawn from Ibadan metropolis constituted the sample for the study. Their ages ranged from 30 years to 49 years with a mean age of 36.5 years and standard deviation of 8.21. The two instruments used were author-constructed interview guide inventories with 0.62 and 0.67 reliability coefficient respectively. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple regression, correlation and chi-square statistics. The results obtained from the study indicated that, a combination of the six independent variables significantly predicted the dependent variable F=(7,192) =21.193; R= .786, R2 = .617, Adj. R2= .586; P<.05). The result also indicated that, significant relationship existed between Parent adolescent communication (B= .209, p <.05), Family adaptability (B= .199, p <. 05), Parent adolescent disclosure (B =.196, P <.05), Positive adolescent behaviour (B = 184, p<.05), Parent adolescent relationship (B =175, p<.05), Fathers' absence & economic support (B =161, p<.05), Parental autonomy (B = 152, p<. 05) and adolescents' sexual risky behaviour. The results further showed the significant position between Parents adolescent disclosure (X2 cal = 32.856) is the most potent factor followed Parental autonomy (X2 cal = 24.642); Parent adolescent relationship (X2 cal = 18.986); Positive adolescent behaviour (X2 cal = 11.626); Fathers' absence & economic support (X2 cal = 5.969); Family adaptability (X2 cal = 4.811) and Parent adolescent communication (X2 cal = 1.268) and adolescents' sexual risky behaviour. Based on the results of these findings, it was recommended that those in the helping professions should assist parents to acquire knowledge about health education and health services access in their local community. Have resources and referral information available for fathers and families in the areas of adolescents' sexuality. Advocate for policies that protect the confidentiality of youths seeking health care services and work with youths and families to facilitate communication about responsible sexuality.