n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Perception of autopsy among medical and non-medical personnel in a Nigerian tertiary health institution : the predictive roles of self-efficacy, involvement and demographic variables

Volume 24, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1117-1421



This study investigated the predictive roles of self-efficacy, involvement and demographic variables in perception of autopsy among hospital workers in a Nigerian tertiary health institution. Ex-post facto design was used. Revalidated Self-Efficacy Scale by Schwarzer & Jerusalem (1995) and Autopsy Perception Scale were used to collect data. One hundred and thirty-one health workers participated in the study. The t-test result {t(129)=-2.06; p&lt; 0.05} and {t(129)=-2.19; p&lt; 0.05} respectively showed that workers with high self-efficacy and those who had been directly involved in the conduct of an autopsy reported had more positive perception of autopsy. The results of multiple regression analysis {R2 = 0.42, F (4,137) = 11.39, p < .05} showed that the workers' demographic factors (gender, age, years of experience and religion) jointly predicted perception of autopsy among workers studied, accounting for 42% of the variance observed. The results further indicated that gender and years of service were significant independent predictors of perception of autopsy among the workers studied. But age and religion were not independent predictors. The need for psycho-education to boost the self-efficacy and to conduct general awareness on autopsy among hospital workers was emphasized.

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