n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Influence of psycho-social factors on the quality of life of diabetic patients at Obafemi Awolowo university teaching hospital




The study set out to examine the quality of life among diabetic patients in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. This was with a view of assessing whether social support, types of diabetes and locus of control influence the quality of life of diabetic patients. The study participants consisted of out-patients of the hospital. To achieve the objectives of the study, the data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Purposive sampling technique was used to select 50diabetic patients within the age range of 28 to 82 years (mean =56.50 years and SD = 13.01 years)... From the study, emotional social support led the types of social support received by the diabetic patients, 36 (72%) while tangible social support was reported to be received by 14 (28%) of the patients. Also from the study, 16% of the diabetic patients reported a poor quality of life, 66% reported a moderate quality of life while 18% reported good quality of life. The results indicated that significant relationships existed between emotional social support and quality of life of the diabetic patients [F (1, 39) = 6.56, p < .05]. However the results indicates no significant relationships existed between types of diabetes [F (1, 39) = 0.09, p > .05] and locus of control-[F (2, 39) = 0.77, p >.05] and quality of life of the diabetic patients. The result also reveals that a combination of the independent variables did not significantly predict the quality of life of the respondents [F(1, 39)= 0.19, p<.05]. The result therefore indicates the need for those in the helping professionals to design intervention programmes for diabetic patients that will promote emotional social support from significant others.


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