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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 4, Issue 2, 1996
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 4, Issue 2, 1996
Volumes & issues
Volume 4, Issue 2, 1996
Incidence of psychiatric disorders among female Fulani admitted at the Jos University Teaching Hospital in a five-year periodSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 1 –6 (1996)More Less
The study investigated the incidence of psychiatric disorders amongst Female Fulani admitted at the Jos University Teaching Hospital over a five year period, 1989 - 1993, using the hospital's admission registers. Of the total of the 996 women admitted, 25% were Fulani in age range 6 to 85 years. All of them were Muslims, 94.05% were illiterate, and 88.9% were married. The results also showed that mood disorders were the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the population. Results were discussed in the light of the cultural and sociological circumstances of the female Fulani.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 7 –13 (1996)More Less
In Nigeria, as a result of economic constraints, it is quite common to find children hawking and trading along the major streets, in buses as conductors and in the motor parks as touts. This study is an assessment of the patterns of substance use among this often neglected segment of the population in Nigeria. Out of a total of 100 children included in the study, the prevalence of substance use was 38%.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 14 –21 (1996)More Less
The influence of maternal growth support on the birthweights of newborn babies was investigated in Ondo Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. This was carried out through a fifteen item questionnaire administered to two hundred nursing mothers who had recently delivered in the various hospitals visited. Direct interview and examination of their hospital records were also carried out. The findings revealed that a statistically significant relationship was found between the birthweight of babies and maternal nutrition, age and the child's birth order, in such a way that heavier babies were delivered to the well fed and young women.
Author B.Y. OladimjiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 22 –34 (1996)More Less
To date, very little has been published in Nigeria that can be called research in the area of child mental health. The few researches were categorized into clinical observations, surveys of behaviour problems in normal populations and attempts to study factors associated with mental health problems. The obstacles that hinder studies of child mental health problems were discussed. Suggestions made about the research needs in preventive mental health in Nigeria children include the collection of 'vital statistics', case-finding and identification studies, development and evaluation of mental health programmes and research into psychological treatment of children in the Nigerian environment.
Author Olufunmilayo Mowaiye FagbemiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 35 –46 (1996)More Less
The belief that females shy away from academic and occupational success underlies the theory of fear of success. The disposition is believed to be more predominant among females in the world than males. Further, it is generally agreed that the African society is still one that is traditional in orientation as regards gender issues. Thus, many a female in such a society may be more predisposed to such cognitive orientation as compared to her counterparts in the developed world. The thrust of the present study is to find out if, women who by virtue of education and other factors can be found, teaching in higher institutions in the country and equipped with higher degrees are disposed to the fear of success syndrome.
Author T.M. TchombeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 47 –63 (1996)More Less
This study sets out to examine inter-generational change and continuity in maternal interactive behaviour. One hundred and sixty-four Cameroonian mothers from four main towns in four provinces constituted the sample for the study. Questionnaires were the main instrument used to obtain data for the study. Through chi-square and anova analyses the following results were obtained that the higher the level of education and the younger the mother, the more they advocate for change and that the lower the level of education and the older the mothers, the less they argue for change. At varying degrees all mothers, but more so the older mothers are seen as advocates for some elements of continuity in culturally valued maternal behaviour.
Author Abdulganiyu Ayodele SalawuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 64 –74 (1996)More Less
The purpose of this paper is to assess if counselling in Nigeria has attained a professional status. This is done by examining current practices in Nigeria to see if it conforms with internationally accepted professional standards. The paper attempts to answer the following questions: (i) What is a profession and what are the criteria for a profession? (ii) Has counselling in Nigeria attained a profession status? or iii) Has counselling met the established criteria for legal recognition of a profession which will enable counsellors to be licensed to practice? iv) What recommendations and suggestions are therefore counselling practice in Nigeria?
Author C.O. Aghanwa, H.S. & MumeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 75 –80 (1996)More Less
A case of fear of having contacted Auto Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and suicidal attempts in a Nigerian male adults presented. This occurred in the setting of a depressive illness in a previously sexually active individual with obsessive personality traits, following exposure to intense AIDS campaigns in the media. The symptoms remitted with counselling and on learning that his HIV serostatus was negative. The impacts of widespread AIDS campaigns on the mental state of the general public and at-risk individuals are discussed.
Author C.O. OlatubaraSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 81 –97 (1996)More Less
This article presents a model developed to assess households' residential satisfaction in relation to the distribution of urban activities patronized by individual households and other locational variables. Based on the date used, the model performs well as it explains why households in poor residential conditions appear satisfied, and indicates the levels of satisfaction of households under residential mobility. Its performance is, however, low in explaining households intention to change residence perhaps because of some socio-cultural factors which were not included in the model.
Author A.T. SalamiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 98 –114 (1996)More Less
The factors, processes, and pattern of growth of Ibadan city were investigated and the consequent impacts on the surrounding rural lands, particularly farmlands identified. Population increase especially through mass rural exodus into the city created increased space demands for residential accommodation and consequently the loss of agricultural lands. The city sprawls sporadically following the major road arteries. The prime agricultural lands were the worst affected and the fall in land areas put into cultivation is quite steep. Strict regulations are urgently called for to save the fast dwindling agricultural lands.
Author Josephine C. NaidooSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 115 –129 (1996)More Less
The vast continent of Africa and its complex array of peoples has not had a close relationship with Canada. Prior to 1960, Black Africans comprised a very small, scattered and almost unknown group of newcomers to Canada, although Africans of European and Asian ancestry had a clearer presence. Until recently, little formal documentation existed on any of these groups.
Author E.U. EgwuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 4, pp 130 –155 (1996)More Less
This paper contributes to the growing body of epistemological crosscultural research on organisational theory and behaviour. More importantly, the paper demonstrates, that cultural metaphors can help us conceptualize and generate new solutions to some difficult problems of organisational theory and behaviour in Nigeria. A thesis emerges from the paper which suggests that Nigerian cultural ontological metaphors of work, time and money, may aid us in the development of a viable, creative, healthy, humans and indigenous organisational form, in Nigeria and Africa.