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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 5, Issue 2, 1997
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 5, Issue 2, 1997
Volumes & issues
Volume 5, Issue 2, 1997
Author B.B. PuplampuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 1 –11 (1997)More Less
It has been argued elsewhere that the meaning or work (MOW) concept has not been clearly operationalized and consistently used in research Iiterature (Poptampu, 1997 under review). This point is taken up by this research where the meaning of work is hypothesized to be characterized in the following; terms: that it is derived from an external religious frame of reference and is considered as central to life. The data and analyses are rather preliminary, but offer some support for these two hypotheses.
Author A.A. LadeleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 12 –19 (1997)More Less
This paper examines some social values among the Yoruba as reflected in selected proverbial sayings as the basis of some anti-social behaviour that pervade the nation. The emergence of many parvenus through dubious means is no longer questioned. The vices of such people tended to be justified by this sayings by contemporary users. Implications of this are spelt out and the paper concludes that there is the need for proper usage and balanced education if the youths will not be misled to the detriment of the nation.
Author Zoubida GuerninaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 20 –32 (1997)More Less
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate teacher's attitudes towards adolescents behaviour problems in Britain and Algeria. Wickman's rating scale was used by taking into consideration the administration of the scale, its duration, its validity, sensitivity and specificity. An attempt in this paper is made to identify the differences between two adolescent samples in two countries with value systems, cultural norms, health beliefs and behaviours different from each other. An analysis on how teachers perceive adolescents' behaviour and health in the two countries is provided. The results show that there are differences among teachcers in defining adolescents' problems in the two countries studied due to cultural variables.
Author Steven H. FoxSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 33 –50 (1997)More Less
Depression has long been diagnosis surrounded by controversy in the international arena and particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where account of depression have widely varied. The present study represents a modest contribution to the unravelling of this clinical conundrum. The possible role of causal attribution is explored in relation to the reported relative absence of guilt, diminished self-esteem and suicidal behaviour characteristic of depression in Africa.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 51 –70 (1997)More Less
Mental illness is dependent on the social order of a society. It is also reflected in different manifestations and therapies emanating from different cultures of different societies. The medical and psychological disciplines have established general principles regulating human behaviour and experience. These principles have universal application. However principles regulating human behaviour have to be observed and communicated. Communication in humans implies language and language implies culture which also includes attitudes and mental sets .
Comparison of psychophysiological and psychometric techniques in assessment of the efficacy of psychotherapyAuthor Peter F. OmoluabiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 71 –88 (1997)More Less
The aim of the study was to find out the assessment categories and the statistical approaches that would best indicate the efficacy of psychotherapy. The assessment categories considered were psychophysio-Iogical and psychometric measures and the statistical approaches were intertreatment conditions comparison and inter-group change-score comparison. The results were discussed in terms of the differences in the subjects' physical and experiential manifestation of psychological distress and in the light of the law of initial values.
Effect of rational emotive therapy in blood pressure reduction and attitude change among hypertensivesAuthor Felix A. OluwatelureSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 89 –97 (1997)More Less
The paper is a comparative study of the effect of the use of Rational Emotive Thereby (RET) (as an adjunct treatment with pharmacological treatment) to the use of pharmacological methods alone, in the treatment of hypertension. The result of tbe treatment is discussed, highlighting its implication on reduction of mortality and increasing compliance to medical regimen.
Author Bade A. AgboolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 98 –116 (1997)More Less
Positive rewards are believed to motivate workers while negative ones serve to check unacceptable organisational behaviours. Motivation is essentially a drive towards meeting some needs or achieving desired goals. The wish to participate now and in future by tutors may be regarded as the desired goal. This goal may however be supported by some others. This study aims at identifying the types of rewards which tutors say motivate them. The data have been analysed on the basis of age, sex and length of experience in distance teaching. Inferences have been drawn as to how to actually use rewards of various types to motivate the tutor for improved or sustained good performance levels.
Author Rachel U.N. OkonkwoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 117 –128 (1997)More Less
This paper presents the results of a study of moral development of some Igbo students in response to the current debate on the role of culture in the Kohlberg's theory. One hundred and sixty secondary school students and forty postgraduate students responded individually to Kohlberg's ""Form A"" moral judgement interview. This study provides evidence that a full understanding of a person's moral reasoning requires, among other things, an appreciation of the peculiar aspects of his culture's world view.
Author O.S. AkinyeleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 129 –135 (1997)More Less
Man's continual quest for survival and the quality of life he desires has forced him to engage in various activities such as the provision of food and water, developing of shelter and living space and the provision of mobility. More often than not, these activities produce wastes that are disturbing and toxic. Consequently, there has been a growing practical concern about effective waste disposal methods in order to save man and his environment. An ugly development in the area of waste disposal is the issue of toxic waste dumping. Given the health consequences of toxic wastes in the environment, one then wonders why certain individuals, organizations and countries engage in the deadly act of waste dumping. This paper attempts to address this issue from an eco-ethical perspective.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 5, pp 136 –142 (1997)More Less
Environmental problems occur at all stages of pollution of the natural environment. In the marine environment the problem is more serious when the pollutants arc absorbed in the food web of marine system. They arc as a result of disturbance of the natural habitat which included; dumping of raw sewage directly into the marine waters, chemical and oil spills. The input of oil to the Atlantic waters of Nigeria have been identified as a major source of environmental problem in Nigeria's marine waters. This paper reveals that marine pollution have caused serious setback to the orderly progress, economic and social advancement of the territorial communities.