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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 6, Issue 1, 1998
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 6, Issue 1, 1998
Volumes & issues
Volume 6, Issue 1, 1998
Author A.O. AdedejiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 1 –44 (1998)More Less
This paper is a discourse on the important topic of training and development in Nigerian industries and organizations. It begins with definitions and insights into what training and development are all about especially in the specific context of the work place. Key aspects such as identification of training needs, types and methods of training, benefits of training and evaluation of training are then treated in sequence. These are followed, by a discussion of training programmes in the Nigerian public sector and some training institutions in Nigeria. Problems of employee training in Nigeria are then highlighted with suggestions given on strategies to be adopted in overcoming these identified problems and weaknesses.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 45 –57 (1998)More Less
This paper evaluates the role of technology innovations in development. It considers very briefly the relationship between technological innovation and development, and also the sources of technological innovation. The paper discusses why Nigeria is lacking behind in technological innovations. In doing so, it looks into the influences of the national economic, behavioural and cultural factors on technological innovations.
Author A.O. IkelegbeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 58 –74 (1998)More Less
The paper examines the issue of local government autonomy which though largely advocated as the panacea to local development, remains fictive in existence. The approach adopted is the psychological rather than the structural, which has dominated academic and public discourse. Beyond the conceptual clarifications, the paper addresses the development of local governments, the agitation for and the growth of legal-constitutional autonomy and the large scale persistence of federal and state controls. The paper predicated the analysis of the autonomy problems of the local governments on the dominant beliefs, attitudes and perceptions of fear, doubts, skepticism, lack of confidence and reluctance of higher levels of governments which are situated in the history, experience and tendencies of the past.
Author A.E. AkinloSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 75 –90 (1998)More Less
The paper looks at the role of psychological factor(s) in the failure of the adjustment programme in Sub-saharan Africa. The paper argues that the mass retrenchment occasioned by the implementation of the adjustment programme damages the cognitive, motivational and emotional status of workers both retrenched and survivor. The loss in productivity arising therefrom has adverse effect on employment, real income, real consumption, real investment, saving, nominal and real wages, price and interest rate.
The results of the awaritefe psychological index (API) and crown crisp experiential index (CCEI) on Nigerian prisoners and relationship with the duration of confinementAuthor S.E. IdemudiaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 91 –102 (1998)More Less
This study examines the relationship between period of confinement in prison (duration) and psycho-pathology (API and CCEI). Data were gathered from a random sample of 150 prisoners from four medium prisons in Nigeria, with a mean age of 27.8 years (SD=7.1). The longer a person stays in prison, the more adverse effect imprisonment has on his mental health or that prolonged incarceration causes severe psychological disturbances. The observed relationship between prolonged confinement and psycho-pathology was seen to be very important and at the same time disturbing finding because the current penal practise do not recognise probation and parole. To avoid the problem of recidivism, prison congestion, and as general concern for prisoners mental health, a more human penal policies and a thorough and carefully planned prison system was suggested.
Author J.O. Ajayi, N.A. & OgunrewoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 103 –112 (1998)More Less
In this time of economic downturn, libraries of all types need to evaluate their services. Health libraries take a particular change because of the global ""Health for all by the year 2000 and beyond"" demands that the effectiveness of library services to patient care be determined. This survey shows that psychiatrists in Nigerian hospitals need adequate and effective health information for their clinical decision-making. Questionnaires were sent out to hospitals. They were to evaluate the impact of health information in the care of their patients.
Aesthetic ratings of some selected domestic buildings: an exploratory study of architects and non-architectsAuthor Bayo AmoleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 113 –131 (1998)More Less
This study examined the aesthetic rating of 9 domestic buildings comprising 3 ""modern,"" 3 ""post-modern"" and 3 ""local vernacular"" examples. In the context of a simple experiment, 15 architecture students and 15 medical students responded to the 9 domestic buildings by rating them on a provided scales. The stimuli-conditions were 9 photographs of the domestic buildings. The ratings and the rank order in terms of aesthetic preference and the differences or lack of them between architects and doctors provided the basis for analysis and discussion.
Spatial dimensions of quality attributes of rural housing infrastructures in the Ife region of NigeriaAuthor L.M. OlayiwolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 132 –145 (1998)More Less
The paper identifies the attributes that affect the quality of rural infrastructures in Ife region. Four hundred and thirty-four 434 household heads selected from 31 settlements of the study area were interviewed using already prepared questionnaires. The information collected from the field are factor analysed. The study operationally and spatially characterized quality attributes of the rural infrastructures into four dimensions-locational economic, management and physical attributes. The need for planners to consider the opinion of the rural people on the quality of the infrastructures provided for their use when planning for new infrastructures is highlighted.
Author J.A. AderintoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 146 –153 (1998)More Less
The paper is concerned with the use of developmental tasks Havighurst (1972) as platforms on which literacy education programmes could be built. It is observed that the concepts of developmental tasks depicts learning ability as a function of age which are primarily associated with how individuals develop and change. Strategies for identifying these tasks are discussed. Both naturalistic inquiry method and the designing of a survey instrument are considered to be the most appropriate strategies for identifying developmental tasks of adults.
Author Monisola P. UdoadaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 154 –164 (1998)More Less
The advantages of initial education through the mother tongue are universally acknowledged. Nigeria has adopted the mother tongue policy for early and adult education. Instructional materials based on sound sociolinguistic and pedagogical principles are indispensable to any meaningful educational process. This paper examines the problems and prospects of publishing in Nigeria's hundreds of minority languages and reports that many minority languages are not only disadvantaged with respect to publishing in them but also endangered.