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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 7, Issue 1, 1999
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 7, Issue 1, 1999
Volumes & issues
Volume 7, Issue 1, 1999
The myth of third world solidarity hypergamy by skin colour as a vehicle of racism vis-a-vis African AmericansAuthor Ronald E. HallSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 1 –23 (1999)More Less
Racism in America is a psychological extension of European conquest. Heretofore it has been analyzed in the traditional dichotomous context. As an intellectual taboo its existence among people of colour is all but ignored in the scholarly literature. In fact it is manifested on the basis of skin colour directed primarily at African-Americans. Vis-a-vis domination hypergamy then becomes the preferred marital pattern for women of colour. The cycle of conquest is completed in their denigration of dark skin.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 32 –45 (1999)More Less
Many studies using information integration theory and innvolving Western samples, have shown the attribution of blame to be based on degree of intent, and gravity of consequences, the two degrees being simply additive in their effects. The authors studied the form this schema can take among Burkina Faso adolescents and young adults. Although group results resembled that observed in American samples, individual results differed.
Mothers' beliefs about causes of kwashiorkor and the nutritional status of their children in the Volta region of GhanaAuthor Lily AppohSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 46 –60 (1999)More Less
The relationship between mothers' belieft about causes of kwashiorkor and their children's nutritional status were examined among mothers of children aged 13 - 45 months and categorised as well nourished (n-49) and those suffering from kwashiorkor (n-46) in the Volta Region of Ghana. Using a semi-structured questionnaire the women were interviewed on their knowledge of the symptoms of kwashiorkor and what they believed causes kwashiorkor. The results strongly suggest that there is a relationship between mothers' beliefs about causes of kwashiorkor and the nutritional status of their children.
Author G.C.E. ObidigboSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 61 –69 (1999)More Less
This study investigated the relationship between depression and anxiety among samples of enuretic and non-enuretic subjects in Enugu State. Thirty-two participants comprising of 16 enuretics and 16 non-enuretic were involved in the study. Four hypothesis were tested using both the independent test (Hypotheses 1 and 2) and pearson moment correlation statistics (Hypotheses 3 and 4). Results of the study showed that a significant differences existed between enuretics and non-enuretics on this disorder. Equally, a significant sex difference were also noted when enuretics were compared on these variables. Implications of these findings to clinicians, parents and practitioners were listed and recommendations proffered.
Psychosocial factors associated with elevated arterial blood pressure in an African industrialized metropolisAuthor Felix OluwatelureSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 70 –95 (1999)More Less
A study of psychosocial factors that characterized hypertensives in Lagos, Nigeria, was undertaken, with the use of five psychological tests, namely the modified version of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, Hypertension Symptoms Checklist. Attitude to Hypertension Scale, Ezeilos Semantic Differential Scale for Self Concept, and Type A Behaviour Pattern Scale. A test- retest and validity study of the instruments used was carried out, in a study before the main study. A normative study of the local population was also carried out. A chisquare analysis of the demographic variable showed significant difference between the two groups only on marital status, type of employment and position on the job.
Author A.A. AkinyoadeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 96 –122 (1999)More Less
The aim of the study was to comparatively measure and compare fertility preference among females in Northwest and Southwest Nigeria. And to determine the socio-demographic and cultural factors that influence these preferences and highlight the possible implications of the observed preference which could be of use in the successful implementation of the national population policy goal of 4 children per woman (by the year 2000).
Author Gbolahan GbadamosiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 123 –149 (1999)More Less
The purpose of this review paper is to examine three key areas, of definition criteria and the evaluation of organizational effectiveness. Several alternative definitions and viewpoints were examined while concluding that there is no one that is universally accepted. However, four common approaches in the literature were compared; that is, goal attainment: systems' strategic constituencies; and competing values. Several criteria for organizational effectiveness were also listed indicating that there is lack of consensus and that there may be no need for one. Some measurement problem identified include construct validity criterion stability, time perspective and precision. A few empirical studies on Nigeria were discussed.
Author Ajibade OyinloyeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 150 –159 (1999)More Less
The word CHURCH comes from the Greek word, EKKLESlA; which means those called out, separated, assembly of people. In Christian terms, it means those called out to live in a high standard; followers of Jesus Christ. Those expected to live in a complete standard or in conformity to all the biblical teachings. A spiritual assembly of people, blameless; those to be seen to be above board.
Gender differential in the effect of two group counselling approaches on attitude toward science: implications for manpower developmentAuthor O.D. AremuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 160 –172 (1999)More Less
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two group counselling approaches on the attitude of selected male and female adolescents toward science. One hundred and twenty (120) third year junior Secondary School Students with a negative attitude to science participated in the study. A self-report attitude questionnaire was used to collect data. ANCOVA statistics was used to test three null hypotheses. The results obtained from this study revealed the efficacy of the approaches in modifying attitude. However, boys' attitude toward science was better modified. The approaches were therefore recommended for use on Nigerian Adolescents' attitude as a means of meeting the man power needs of the nation especially in the science related careers.
Inferiority, superiority complexes and marital satisfaction among married female nurses in Benin CityAuthor G.B. EfogheSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 173 –186 (1999)More Less
This study examines the influences of superiority and inferiority complexes on marital satisfaction among female nurses in public and private hospitals in Benin city. Using the simple random sampling technique, data were obtained from 184 female nurses in public and private hospitals and clinics. The data obtained were subjected to the one-way analysis of variance at a confidence level of ps0.05.