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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 7, Issue 2, 1999
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 7, Issue 2, 1999
Volumes & issues
Volume 7, Issue 2, 1999
Author Ronald F. HallSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 1 –20 (1999)More Less
The black white dichotomy has dictated conventional models of racism throughout the world. Persons of African descent are consistently portrayed as victims and those of European descent as perpetrators. In fact following conquest and or domination by Europeans, people of color act out racist behaiours having idealized European values for skin color. The result is self-denigration whereby those lighter-skinned in an effort to appease Europe have assumed the psychological demeanor of its people. The aftermath is validation of the Bleaching Syndrome as assimilation strategy. That Western racial lines continue to blur vis-a-vis skin color, Asian color will likely prevail as the most practical vehicle of racism in the new millennium.
Author J.K. EssumanSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 22 –43 (1999)More Less
This paper examines how formal guidance and counselling originated in Ghana and became established in the Ghana educational system, especially in the second and third cycle institutions. It makes mention of those individuals who pioneered the profession's establishment both its service and academic prgrammes and the institutions which opened their doors for them to work. The paper also looks at some organizations in Ghana which have adopted counselling in their work.
Author Dolapo AmoleSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 45 –68 (1999)More Less
This paper identifies and defines the underlying dimensions of students affective responses to their residential facilities. Using the affective criterion of satisfaction. the responses of 1.124 students to forty-nine attributes of some of their residential facilities were factor analyzed. Six factors, which accounted for 48.6% of the total variance were extracted using the principal components method. The results showed that the dimensions were related to spatial and physical aspects of the environment and that in these were subsumed the more social, psychological and experiential variables. The most important and significant dimension was related to ""bedroom quality and social density "".
Author Olalekan ArikewuyoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 69 –84 (1999)More Less
The study investigated the job attitude profiles of managers of secondary schools in Nigeria. 200 principals of secondary schools returned their questionnaire for the study. The School Managers Job Attitude Questionnaire (SMAJAQ) was used for collecting data, which was analysed with the analysis of variance and simple percentage. The findings showed that experience contributed significantly to the job attitude of the managers.
Consequences of separate and combined chronic ingestion of alcohol and nicotine on discriminatory task among albino ratsSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 85 –95 (1999)More Less
Using 20 male rats that were housed in four groups of five rats each, the separate and combined effects of alcohol and nicotine ingestion were experimentally tested on discriminatory ability of rats. It was ohserved that there were significant effects of both drugs, either acting alone or in combination on learning ability of the rats.
The prevalence of child abuse and neglect in our society: a case study of teachers in Enugu state of NigeriaAuthor Godwin C.E. ObidigboSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 96 –110 (1999)More Less
There has heen a growing increase of the phenomenon of child abuse and neglect in this country as shown by the media and concerned Non-Governmental Organisations (N G 0.s) in recent times. As a way of curtailing this, the study was thus conceived. Using eighty four female teachers and thirty six male teachers who are currently working in 6 out of the 27 secondary schools in Enugu, capital city of Enugu State, the researchers found that a significant difference existed between the perception of males and female teachers on the causes and end results of child abuse and neglect.
Author Njideka PaulsonSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 111 –127 (1999)More Less
Prison is a total institution where the societal 'offenders', are confined and treated for their own good and that of the entire society. However, the opinions of the penal theorists - traditionists and rehabilitationists - differ with regard to the nature of the treatment. While the traditionalists believe that the offenders are the architect of their own fortune and therefore custodial in their treatment of the inmates the rehabilitationists believe that criminality is pathological and therefore, opt for the treatment of the inmates in the same way as people suffering from physical illness (Idemudia, 1997 & 1998).
Author Koawo EdjahSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 128 –137 (1999)More Less
The incidence of teenage pregnancies is on the increase in many countries. One reason to explain the phenomenon is the tendency among adolescents to engage in unprotected sex notwithstanding the numerous health, socio-economic and educational implications. Parents and adults in the society have therefore the tasks to reverse the trend by changing their attitudes and initiating communication on matters of sex and contraception with their children and adolescents. This would go a long way to change the perception of adolescents on contraceptive knowledge and use.
A comparative study of the pattern of psychiatric illness among male and female patients in the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTHl, JosAuthor M.A. BankatSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 138 –145 (1999)More Less
The study examined the pattern of psychiatric illness among male and female patients who were admitted in the year 1996 at the Jos University reaching Hospital, Jos. The aim of the investigation was to find out the nature of mental illness among the males and the females who were admitted in the Hospital and the pattern of mental illness among the groups. The investigation revealed that most of female patients who were admitted during the year under study fall within the age range 31-40 (90 cases) and their male counterparts fall within the age range 21-30 (109 cases).
Author C.J. OthienoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 7, pp 163 –178 (1999)More Less
Sixty-four patients attending the Kenyatta National Hospital psychiatric clinic with minor psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Enugu Somatization Scale with a view of eliciting the nature and types of somatic complaints they had. A control group of 66, 5th year medical students was used. The average scores for the head and body symptoms were 10.9 and 22.1 for the neurotics and 0.9 and 1.5 for the controls respectively.