oa IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - A case study of a Nigerian prison social system
Prison is a total institution where the societal 'offenders', are confined and treated for their own good and that of the entire society. However, the opinions of the penal theorists - traditionists and rehabilitationists - differ with regard to the nature of the treatment. While the traditionalists believe that the offenders are the architect of their own fortune and therefore custodial in their treatment of the inmates the rehabilitationists believe that criminality is pathological and therefore, opt for the treatment of the inmates in the same way as people suffering from physical illness (Idemudia, 1997 & 1998).
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