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- Volume 9, Issue 3, 2001
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 9, Issue 3, 2001
Volumes & issues
Volume 9, Issue 3, 2001
Author P.F. OmoluabiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 1 –13 (2001)More Less
The theme of this theoretical paper is aimed at reinforcing attempts being made to establish <b>conflictology</b> as an independent field of study or discipline. The theme covers the concepts, scope, characteristics, principles and processes of conflictology as well as the processes, stages and strategies of conflict resolution. The need for evolving specific theories and research methodology of conflictology and expanding the scope of the discipline is suggested.
Author Joseph Olu ToriolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 21 –29 (2001)More Less
We are all painfully aware that the most recent communal clashes between Ifes and Modakekes ate deep into the very fabric of the Yoruba race. We have all watched in distress and anguish as our people in the two communities of Ife and Modakeke unleashed mayhem on each other. The loss of lives and destruction of properties that have resulted from these clashes sadden us all. <br>This is why I share the concern and wish of all men and women of goodwill that everything should be done to put an end to these periodic clashes. <br>Historical accounts have it that Ifes and Modakekes are sons and daughters of the same parents. As Yorubas, their ancestry is traced to Oduduwa the progenitor of Yoruba race. <br>It was the collapse of Old Oyo Empire in the 19th century (Rev. Johnson 1921) which caused a flood of refugees down south, leading one of the displaced Oyo group of people to settle down in the area known today as Modakeke. <br>Modakeke has thus existed as a town for more than two hundred and fifty (250 years) (Rev. Johnson 1921). It has its own traditional system with a traditional ruler and hierarchy of chiefs. It is proud of its record of healthy growth demographically, economically, culturally and its contribution to national development in all spheres. <br>Ile-Ife, the cradle of Yoruba race, occupies a pride place in Yoruba history; as such its traditional ruler, the Ooni of Ife, is seen as the Arole (custodian) of Oduduwa, the progenitor of Yoruba. Ife is the source of all that is Yoruba and the Ooni the father of all Yoruba people which today spreads over eight contiguous states of the Federation of Nigeria; be they Modakekes, Ifes, Ibadans, Ekitis, Ketus and so on. Not only does this position bestow on Ife and Ifes a pride place in Yoruba. History shackles them as well. They owe a sacred responsibility to defend and protect all interests concerning the Yorubas, Modakeke inclusive.
Author Jimoh Abdulfattah OlabodeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 30 –37 (2001)More Less
The urgent need to bring sanity and justice to the fabric of Nigerian society, through divine laws (Shariah) is quite apparent, as well as desirable. The main objective of the shariah law is therefore to construct human life on the basis of Ma'rufat (virtues) and to cleanse man of all munkarat (vices). <br>These virtues are good qualities that have been accepted by human nature, while vices are the opposite of virtues. In this regard, the overall meaningful development of any society squarely depends upon the moral behaviours and attitudes of its people, hence the agitation for the introduction of Shariah law by the adherents of Islamic Religion in some parts of Nigerian polity.
Author Imran AbdulrahamanSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 59 –70 (2001)More Less
The Nigeria State is a product of marriage of convenience by the colonial master. It is composed of heterogeneous groups with uncompromising identity struggle at the detriment of a nation state. The elite and the political class have continued to champion the subversive treats of ethnicity, tribal and religious bigotry, thereby making it difficult to have a way out of the social and persistent armed conflicts among the various communities in Nigeria. <br>The present mechanism of managing conflicts by the government has not yielded any changes but has rather aggravated the rate and preponderance of armed conflict in the country. This paper examined the regional perception of Nigeria on religion and the form of government intervention in conflicts. Institutional frameworks that will promote the use of other options apart from force were recommended.
Author Otu Abam UbiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 71 –82 (2001)More Less
Conflicts are part and parcel of man's existence. This is because disagreements among peoples are so natural. People must disagree to agree and conversely, it becomes logical that they should agree to disagree. That is logic of the conflict equation. But such agreement or the disagreement to agree does not in themselves constitute conflict. In conflict resolution these human tendencies and reactions are causal factors to conflict situations. If these tendencies of action and reaction, which are natural in nature and in relation to human conflicts, are as old as man then it is pertinent probing how man has coped traditionally with his conflict situations. It has been argued elsewhere that societies which are stable are not those that are conflict free but those that have in place structures for the successful management of conflict situations. Traditional African societies were stable because they have in place structures for the resolution of conflicts. <br>In this paper, the Ugep-Idomi conflict of 1992 is here X-rayed in support of the contention that traditional African societies have and do hold such conflict resolutional mechanism secret and locked in their ways of life. These structures have been formed from centuries of custom before their disruption by colonialism. The Ugep-Idomi conflict of 1992 shows that even when modernization has acculturated such traditions of the people, yet it passed by, and so these traditions are still effective.
Author Chantal EpieSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 83 –94 (2001)More Less
Conflict needs to be constructively managed if it is to have positive outcomes for the organizations and the individuals concerned. A study was carried out among Nigerian managers who were asked to remember a conflict episode in which they had been involved in the past and to evaluate, in retrospect, the way they had handled the conflict. Results revealed that a majority of respondents showed evidence of positive learning as a result of the process review, that more respondents seemed to have learned from their mistakes than from their successes, that women managers were more likely to recall unsatisfactory conflict episodes and men satisfactory ones but that both men and women were equally likely to learn from the process review. Respondents who learned from the review of conflict episodes were those who examined themselves critically and made a conscious effort to understand the opposite side's point of view.
Author Joel BisinaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 95 –111 (2001)More Less
Conflicts, crisis, youths restiveness, hostage taking, kidnapping are recent phenomena that appear synonymous with the Niger Delta, the oil rich region of the Nigerian Nation-State. This region serves as the economic nerve center of the federation. Since the discovery and the production of oil in commercial quantities in 1958 at Oloibiri. Annual budgets of the country had largely depended on oil, with oil revenue accounting for about 80-90% annually which translates into huge financial resources to the federal government, little or nothing is left behind to alleviate the sufferings of the people of this region from whose land bank accounts of transnational companies abroad and the treasury of the federation are been swollen. <br>The concern of the people from this region is that the Nigerian State has not been fair. The formula being adopted after the discovery of oil is fraudulent to the extent that it deprives them the right to control their resources. They hold this view against the backdrop that before the discovery of oil and oil revenue the principle of derivation was 100%. <br>The feeling of neglect, deprivation and underdevelopment has given rise to so many violent conflicts in recent times. From Ondo State in the SouthWest to Cross River State in the South-South region. Notable among these conflicts are : the Ijaw-Arogbo / Ilaje crises, the Warri Crises, these are inter-ethnic crises over resources and Local Government Headquarters, the invasion of Opia, Ikiyan, Odi, Ikebiri, Olugbobiri, Isoko / Olomoro Crises, Evwreni killing and so on. <br>These are resources driven. The Kaiama declaration, the Ogoni Crises and so on are political and resource driven.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 118 –138 (2001)More Less
Conflicts and conflict resolution are current and relevant issues in contemporary world. The terrorist attack on the World Trade Center towers and the Pentagon in New York and Washington on the 11th September 2001 and the retaliatory strikes on the Taliban government in Afghanistan are very much with us. Conflict is endemic worldwide. The causes, expression and legitimacy of conflicts are discussed. Some ways of resolving conflicts are discussed. This paper is interested in communicating peace for development and cooperation. Some graphical representations have been attempted to make the presentation clearer.
Author Ronald E. HallSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 9, pp 139 –152 (2001)More Less
The post-colonial hierarchy is a critical dynamic of global coexistence. Power is associated with those sovereignties characterized by light-skinned populations. Those characterized by dark skin are denigrated and assumed less qualified to negotiate global issues as equals. Although political objectives are expected to stimulate conflict, skin color is directly correlated with the present world order. Moreover, most post-colonial sovereignties are heterogeneous in one way or another and yet do not engage in destructive conflict. From a global perspective, conflict resolution will require post-colonial sovereignties - particularly those of relative light skin - to forfeit their self-serving denigration of others. Strategies for conflict resolution should ignore skin color and incorporate measures designed to improve problem-solving, moral reasoning and general etiquette skills of those engaged in any negotiation process.