n South African Food Review - Accurate mycotoxin analysis of food matrices : cereals and grains




The vast majority of countries have legislation that protects consumers from high levels of mycotoxins in food. Once incorporated, these toxic chemical compounds produced by moulds are able to induce a variety of diseases, so called mycotoxicoses. Hundreds of mycotoxins have been discovered, some with very toxic properties. A variety of commodities like cereals, fruits, nuts and spices are potentially contaminated, threatening the health of humans and animals. To minimise this risk, South African legislation set maximum levels for aflatoxin and patulin. The regulation of deoxynivalenol (DON), ochratoxin A and fumonisins levels in food and feed are also currently under discussion.


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